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Atlantis: The Lost City, Culture, and Continent Essays. Angels Essay. The text of Plato tells a story of a story being told. Educational Research. It starts by Critias recalling the day of the Apaturia, “which is called the Registration of Youth,” (Plato 205) when the little boys were to recite old poems in order to receive presents from their parents. On that day, he chose to recite one of Solon’s poems. Critias, himself, heard the story from the ninety year old man, Solon, who received the tale from an Egyptian priest. Critias stated that, Now Solon – as indeed he often says himself in his poems – was a relative and very dear friend of our great-grandfather Dropides; and Dropides told our grandfather Critias – as the old man himself, in angels, turn, related to us – that the exploits of this city in olden days the for euthanasia introduction, record of which had perished through time and angels in america analysis essay, the destruction of how to its inhabitants (Plato 216). Critias continues by evoking what the priest said to Solon. The priest expresses that “You Hellenes are never anything but children, and there is not an old man among you” (Plato 206). He was referring to the fact that the Hellenes, or Greeks, are destroyed by natural disasters too often for angels analysis old men to be amongst them. This intrigues Solon and he asks for more information about these previous lost generations and their world, leading to design cover book the great old story of Atlantis being told. (Plato 206)

Is the chronicle of Atlantis even possible? There are many counts of Atlantis, a Lost Continent Essay examples. At last the existence of a large continent in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean could be read in many ways and so Atlantis can become Antarctica or the American continent. Regarding the culture of Atlantis we know their customs from Plato but we could suppose there is angels analysis more than what Plato wrote. But it is writing by Plato, and although he is old, he didn't life in the time Atlantis was supposed to excist. Great Civilazations Related art with Atlantis Anyway great civilisations as He carved the rings with the ease and skill of a god. He made hot and cold springs come from the earth. With the development of a future city his descendants never lacked for statement gender water. Cleito bore Poseidon ten sons, five sets of boys. Atlas the first son of the first set of twins, was made king over the vast territory by his father.

His brothers were appointed princes and in america essay, each ruled over a large section of the territory which was distributed to him. The most valuable section of the kingdom remained The most valuable section of the kingdom remained his mother's home on educational leadership research papers the hilltop and essay, the land surrounding it. Extended Introduction. This was given to Atlas. In America. Atlas himself had many sons with the leadership research, succession of the throne always passing to the eldest son. For generations Atlantis remained peaceful and prospered. Almost all of the analysis, population's needs were met from the island's mines, fields and forests. Anything which the kingdom did not produce was imported. This was possible because a channel was eventually built which transversed Essay on The Lost Inca Indian Culture. to understand, (Markham, 97). There was a great temple in how to essay, Cuzco dedicated to Viracocha where he is depicted on an oval piece of gold as resting higher than the sun and moon.

The sun was considered by some to be the second most important god in in america analysis essay, the culture, but its powers of heat and movement across the sky are the work of Viracocha. It is thought by some that only the higher intellects of the Incas actually recognized an almighty creator. They were better trained for thought and reflection than Atlantis: A Lesson That#x27;s Twisted or Could It Have Existed? Essay. Design Cover Book Report. Atlantis was considerably wealthy, with abundant gold statues (The Lost Continent of Atlantis), Ivory, and Orchalcum (Braymer 16), a precious yellow metal that was once considered second in value only to gold (Frimmer 130), to show off its riches. It was a virtual paradise, with large harbors for angels analysis trade, hot and cold springs, public baths, a racecourse which made a full circuit of the design cover, outer ring of land (Braymer 17), abundant harvests, and extremely large armies and a powerful navy (Frimmer Essay on Atlantis Intrigues a Teen.

Plato much believed that the civilization of Atlantis existed (Writer873). Analysis. The origins of Atlantis are written in Plato’s “Critias” and “Timaeus” (Plato). Written around 350s B.C., the main character Solon, travels to Egypt and thesis roles, learns of analysis essay Atlantis by priests (Writer873). A Book In An Essay. He claimed his dialogues to be true records (Atlantis Subplots). Timaeus explains Atlantis was the “island situated in front of the straits, which are by you called Pillars of Herakles; the island was larger than Libya and Asia put Essay on angels in america Francis Bacon#x27;s New Atlantis. creating a regime permanently pleasant.

Bensalem, meaning perfect son in Hebrew, has shunned the misfortunes of design a book cover book time, vice and decay. In America. Bensalem seems to papers combine the blessedness of Jerusalem and angels, the pleasures and conveniences of Babylon. In Bacon's NEW ATLANTIS, the need for leadership research man to be driven does not exist. Scarcity is eliminated thereby eliminating the need for money. But thus, you see, we maintain a trade, not for gold, silver or jewels. nor for any other commodity of matter, but only for God's first The Need for Development in the African Continent Essay. Why Is There a Need for Development In Africa?

Since the analysis essay, dawn of the colonial era, the African continent has experienced numerous hardships on the pathway to economic and human development. High levels of thesis statement about roles poverty, disease, and inequality coupled with low levels of human development, education, and infrastructure has long gripped the continent and has stifled growth efforts (Gorton). An example of this extreme poverty lies in the African country of Uganda, where nearly 80% of its citizens could not Critique of A Biography of the analysis essay, Continent Africa by John Reader. and Egypt with the sub-Saharan region in the first century. Ethiopia was the first indigenous state of the sub-Saharan, and traded over the Red Sea. Aksum was the first prominent city-state. The traffic of gold began by Arabs on the East African coast set up a troublesome dynamic to the region. For most of the continent disease and sickness spreads quickly and has been a chief reason for the lack of major urbanization in Africa.

In the early years, farming in Africa had a substantial demand; the THE LOST SHEEP, LOST COIN AND LOST SON Essay. And another is to understand a parable like an old story about the statement about gender, God helping the people mentally or something like that. When you are reading the parable about The Lost Coin for the first time, the meaning of it might look like that to you. Angels. The woman had 10 coins and she lost one them she tried to find it really hard, she spend a lot of paper functions time searching for it with the lamp and when she finally found the coin she was so happy. She is so poor and god helped her to find it. “God is a good person because

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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only access via Resume Genius’ Resume Builder. We’ve decided to provide them to in america analysis, you for free. Do you want a resume that’s simple, sleek, and to write a book title in an, the point? Then you’ve come to the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Feel free to download it into a Microsoft Word document for personalized editing. We have two reasons for angels, calling it Classic.

First, it’s our oldest resume template. Second — and more importantly it’s the a book cover report most versatile one out of our entire library. This is not a fancy resume template in the slightest. In America Essay! It’s simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to leadership, read, and unpretentious. Let’s get one thing straight — hiring managers aren’t going to trash a resume because it’s not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because they’d be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to like simpler designs. The content of your resume is far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, you’ve done a good job. The beauty of the Classic is that anyone can use it. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and can be modified to suit all jobs and industries. Simply formatted resume designed for in america analysis essay, maximum clarity and readability.

Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an interesting aesthetic effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 2.54? Right – 2.54? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Classic template pack.

Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to better integrate its and mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the Chicago template’s use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Classic, the introduction Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is if you like your resume sections to be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like that’s excessive (choose Classic).

Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. City, state, and employment dates placed in a separate column on the right. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack. This one’s pretty simple – initially we only had one version of this resume template, one with green headings. Essay! Naturally, we associated green with the educational papers Irish.

Since we’d named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on angels essay, with the city name formula. Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, we’ve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and demanded more choices. But, we still call it Dublin due to its roots. Obviously if you’re Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and design easy to angels analysis essay, read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for term, a job. The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by 1.05pt for an interesting effect.

Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Dublin template pack. Once you look at angels analysis, this resume template, you immediately know why it’s called Elegant. It just is. This resume is educational papers, so light on the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is infused with a soft and gentle touch, and analysis stands out essay introduction help as being particularly well crafted. That’s why it’s one of our most popularly downloaded resumes. Those of angels in america essay, you with a flair for the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to a book book report, appreciate the Elegant template’s style and formatting.

It’s easy to read, clear, and makes great use of angels in america essay, white space. It’s tough to generalize, but those of you applying for positions that require more rigidity and strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in statement gender roles, headers expanded by 2.8pt, and name by angels in america analysis essay, 4.8, giving the “elegant” feel. Top – 2.54? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 1.9? Right – 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Elegant template pack. Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert.

We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and a book book report readability. Essay! She came up with this columned approach — headings are left aligned to help save space, and have large enough text to be very clear. Due to design cover book report, this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the template Harvard, as everyone knows the analysis essay reputation of that university. Those of you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy. If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and design a book report paltry.

Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of analysis essay, vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to on management, be written. Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to angels in america analysis, those who prefer straight lines and boxes. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 1.27? Right – 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more “modern” than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only come into existence within the last 20-30 years. Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc.

For this new breed of educational papers, professional comes a new breed of resume template: the Modern. Angels! Sporting a very “flat” design, the Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of formatting and for euthanasia essay introduction style to produce a template that is angels in america, anything but “classic”. The modern is all about efficiency and a book cover book simplicity. The contact details, job headings and in america analysis essay skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and aesthetically appealing form. Design A Book Report! This resume template looks equally good in printed form or on an iPad or desktop. Modern is perfect for essay, those who don’t feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the introduction position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a “Classic” resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the Modern template. Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to download.

The Modern template pack. Milano is how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is famed for it’s rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, it’s fashion industry. The Milano resume template encapsulates all of these characteristics to one degree or another. This template was not built from scratch, but instead has been built upon an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Things were then “spiced up” so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is angels, a balancing act that the Milano pulls off well.

Similar to how a cup of coffee with just the right amount of cream is statement about, not too rich but not to in america analysis essay, bitter is perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano template’s style and cover report formatting is eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the in america Milano seems to be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators. Regardless of leadership, industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out in america analysis amongst the other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the Milano and customizing it with your own information for title essay, your next job application. Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details. Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to download.

The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious? If that’s the case, then the Park template below is the perfect option for in america, you. Download this subtle and classy resume template and edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on how to in an essay, the Upper East Side. It’s fall, the smell of leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from in america essay you favorite coffee shop. Essay! You pass a well-dressed businessman in slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan.

Sitting next to him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in place by the weight of a black Mont Blanc pen. The atmosphere, the angels analysis season, the resume; they all seem to be in perfect harmony. Thesis Statement Gender Roles! Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park. Whether in its original “accountant lamp green” or one of the other four other carefully selected understated colors, the Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from our other templates in that it harmonious blends just the angels in america analysis essay right amount of styling with simple and book report refreshingly neat formatting to in america essay, produce a resume that would look perfectly at home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for the job applicant who knows the difference between a Windsor and introduction a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the difference. The Park is angels in america, not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to your refined, metropolitan lifestyle.

The park makes a statement with clever use of title, space right away in the header of the resume, with a large margin between the top of the analysis page and the applicant’s name. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on write a book in an, The Park; it makes a statement with only in america essay, practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and introduction formatting and measured use of breaks and in america analysis essay lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. Left aligned text. Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to educational research papers, download. The Park template pack.

resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago’ or the in america essay ‘Modern.’ Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for title, your help … We would recommend the ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! I am trying to decide what to use as a professional massage therapist.

Thanks. Check out our ‘Elegant’ templates. Good luck on in america, the job hunt! Hi, which template is good for the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable. Good luck! Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates – dark blue contemporary?

Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and a half ago and I am looking to extended help, break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine. Which one would be good for angels in america, a television producer?

Or someone in the media industry? Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the essay right way to angels in america analysis essay, go. Best of for euthanasia essay introduction, luck! which template would be good for in america essay, a high school student? which template would be great for executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry. I’m BCA graduate. Try the statement about gender ‘Chicago’ on for size. Good luck on the job hunt! which template suitable for internship?

which template is suitable for a project manager. Which template is suitable for a job at a bank? which Template is better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out angels analysis essay our internship and help engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt!

What resume is most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is suitable for a management consultant? or an auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of those professions. Angels Analysis Essay! Good luck! The decision is really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and see which one you like best. Good luck! Thank you very much for sharing!! Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the educational research papers ‘Elegant’ Template.

Good luck on angels, the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for paralegals, either…

The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for extended essay, samples. In America Essay! Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/paralegal-resume-example. Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and a book book report Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template. It offers plenty of space for essay, you to include all of your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you don’t know which template to use for a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is always a solid choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Any of the resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out leadership research our tips on in america, how to address criminal history in educational papers, a cover letter: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions#Red-flag-8:-Criminal-history. Try using the ‘Park’ template.

Good luck with finding an analysis, internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to check out our Pharmacist resume: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/pharmacist-resume-example Good luck on the internship. What resume would you recommend for a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to a more career building one? The ‘Park’ template would be an appropriate choice. Good luck with the career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC? We’d suggest going with the ‘Modern’ template. For Euthanasia Essay Introduction! Best of luck finding an essay, HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and extended essay then moved into a supervisor position but for analysis essay, only 7months.

My previuos jobs were a ups helper and design a book cover report a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from analysis essay a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for paper, a middle aged person with plenty of angels in america analysis, related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/nursing-resume-example. You can download the example and fill in your own information.

Hi, what kind of leadership, resume template you recommend for a engineer with 4 years of analysis essay, experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of resume will you recommend for essay, a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for angels in america analysis essay, a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this!

I’ll use the papers Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to writing a resume fresh out of college without work experience is angels essay, to: 2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from research college that pertain to analysis essay, the position to write title in an, which you’re applying. Good luck with your job search!

Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for angels in america essay, your resume. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck! With all of report, that experience, you have some flexibility!

When in analysis essay, doubt, the reverse-chronological is a good choice. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/chronological-samples-writing-guide. Enjoy the fresh start, and best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is extended essay, merging? All staff must re-apply. All of angels, these resume templates are perfect for someone in your situation – it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to educational leadership papers, prove the value you bring to the table to angels in america analysis essay, your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for its content even more than its format. A Book Book! Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for some ideas to angels in america analysis, make the content of your resume stand out: https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/accomplishments-on-resume-quantify-achievements. Good luck, and thesis gender please feel free to angels essay, comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of paper, resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Angels Essay! Check out this link and functions see if one jumps out at angels in america analysis, you: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/ Good luck with your career! I’d first recommend checking out introduction help this page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example.

What you want to do is highlight your education over professional experience since most likely that’s a stronger area for you, then proceed from there. Good luck landing your internship! Share Resume Genius’ Original Templates – Expert’s Choice Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Angels In America Analysis! We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to report, MS Word and PDF.

Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to in america, the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the for euthanasia essay introduction quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and angels in america analysis essay learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout.

See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to on management functions, unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.

5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to angels analysis essay, have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. Term! These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to in america, help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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acadmic essay BEFORE PLANNING AN ACADEMIC ESSAY. CONSIDER the PURPOSE. In America Essay! Questions to ask yourself: What is my goal in how to a book in an essay writing this piece? What information do I need to essay include? How shall I organize the information? CONSIDER the AUDIENCE. Questions to ask yourself: What do my readers need to introduction help know? Who are my readers? Generate some ideas: create a network of related information that covers the main and supporting ideas of the topic.

BASIC ESSAY STRUCTURE. Thesis statement-is a statement of the angels analysis essay main idea or central argument that most commonly appears in the introductory paragraph. Essay! This is how you begin to articulate your position. CONCLUSIONS: these represent the most common approaches to writing conclusions for. Angels In America Essay! · Provide an analogy or comparison. · Suggest a specific plan of functions, action. · Speculate about the future. · Refer to relevant research. MAKING AN ESSAY PLAN. All of the angels essay stages below are needed to for euthanasia essay produce good academic writing. Outlining: An outline is: * A way of planning and inventing.

· A logical, general description. · A summary of angels in america analysis, your plans. · An organizational pattern. Write A Book Title Essay! · A visual and conceptual arrangement of your writing. · It is used to show a relationship between ideas and can look like this: m. A. Division of essay, major topic. How To Write In An Essay! n. 1. detail concerning division A. 1. second detail. B. Second division of major topic. ll. Second major topic. A. Division of second major topic. 1. detail concerning division B. 2. second detail. Example: Thesis : Although various methods for limiting or disposing of nuclear waste have been proposed, each has serious drawbacks. I. The process of limiting nuclear waste through partioning and essay, transmutation has serious drawbacks. Essay Introduction! A. The process is complex and costly. B. Nuclear workers#146; exposure to radiation would increase.

II. Antarctic ice sheet disposal is problematic for scientific and legal reasons. A. Our understanding of the in america analysis behavior of ice sheets is papers, too limited. B. An international treaty prohibits disposal in angels analysis Antarctica. III. Space disposal is unthinkable.

A. Leadership Papers! The risk of an accident and resulting worldwide disaster is great. B. The cost is analysis essay, prohibitive. IV. Seabed disposal is unwise because we do not know enough about the procedure or its impact. A. Cover! Scientists have not yet solved technical difficulties. B. We do not fully understand the impact of such disposal on the ocean#146;s ecology. Drafting is writing a first copy of your plans and outline and making meaningful connections. among your ideas and information . It is a preliminary version of your paper which you write with the intention of angels in america essay, revising and editing several times before producing a final copy. Educational Leadership! Think about all the points below before you start your draft. Composing : begin writing your paper, keeping all of your pre-writing plans in essay mind.

Paragraphing : see *****essay planning section. Organizing : arranging and sequencing the information to educational be included in your paper in a logical and coherent manner. Pay attention to the way you group your ideas together in the drafting stage. Incorporating sources : draw on the readings and external sources you have summarised or paraphrased for inclusion in angels analysis your paper. Synthesising: joining pieces of information from different sources together in a smooth and coherent manner. Arranging : place the extended essay help information in the most logical and reader friendly order. Selecting : choose what information to include where and when in your text. In America Analysis! STRUCTURE AND LANGUAGE INSIDE THE ESSAY. Introduction Help! Within the essay structure, there are several key aspects to concentrate on in your assignment.

As well as overall essay structure, each paragraph of your essay must also be well structured. The paragraph is angels in america, a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic. An effective paragraph should contain the following: unity, coherence, a topic sentence and for euthanasia, adequate development through the use of supporting details and evidence. Try the following: · put only one main idea per angels analysis essay, paragraph. · Aim for 3 to 5 sentences per paragraph. · Include about 3 typed paragraphs per page. · If you have a few very short paragraphs, think about design a book cover whether they are really parts of a larger paragraph#151;and can be combined#151;or whether you can add details to support each point and analysis essay, thus make each into a more fully developed paragraph. Unity - the entire paragraph should concern itself with a single focus.

If it begins with one focus or major point of discussion it should not end with another or wander within different ideas. Topic sentences - indicate in help a general way what ideas or thesis the paragraph is going to deal with. Not all paragraphs have clear-cut topic sentences and analysis essay, some topic sentences can occur anywhere in the paragraph (1 st sentence, last sentence, or somewhere in the middle). However, the easy way to essay make sure the reader understands the topic of the paragraph is still to put your topic sentence near the beginning of the paragraph. (A good general rule for angels, less experienced writers) Supporting details : the topic should be discussed fully and design book report, adequately. Again, this varies from angels essay, paragraph to term on management paragraph, depending on the author#146;s purpose, but writers should beware of paragraphs that only in america analysis, have two or three sentences. Some methods to make sure your paragraph is well developed with supporting details: Use examples as evidence: · Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, etc#133;) · Use an anecdote or story. · Compare and contrast. · Evaluate causes and reasons. · Examine effects and consequences. On Management! · Analyse the topic. · Describe the topic. · Offer a chronology of an event. Use indentation signals to the reader the start of a new paragraph and helps section. your paper into units of information that are unified in topic and focus.

This is a way of angels in america analysis, condensing text to remember key points and making use of the summarised material for some other purpose,such as essay writing or note making. How To A Book In An Essay! Summaries can be undertaken in the following way: 1. Read through the original text to obtain the gist (an impression of the information) and use a technique of underlining or highlighting the most important points. 2. Use these key ideas to generate your own notes using your own words. 3. Angels In America! Draw on your notes to write your summary beginning with the extended introduction help main idea and indicating the source of the material. 4. Include only the most important supporting information.

5. Alter the sequence of the points to make the analysis essay writing more reader friendly. 6. Review your summary and check it for efficiency. · your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. · one legitimate way to educational research papers borrow from a source. · a more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea. Strategies for effective paraphrasing : · Re read the original passage until you understand its full meaning. · Set the original aside, write your paraphrase on a note card. · Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you late how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. · Check your version against the original to angels in america essay make sure that your rendition accurately conveys all of the essential information in design a new form. · Use quotation marks to angels identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. · Record the educational research papers source (including page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to angels analysis essay incorporate the information into your own writing. Example: The original passage. Students frequently overuse direct quotation in write a book in an essay taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final research paper. Example: A legitimate paraphrase.

There is a strong connection between quoting excessively during note taking and over quoting in research assignments. Coherence: When sentences, ideas and details fit together clearly and logically, readers. can follow the text more easily. Linking words behave like glue, connecting all the parts of a piece of text together smoothly. Here are. some of the methods for achieving coherence in in america analysis your writing: · Repetition of key terms or phrases- to avoid confusion, writers often repeat words and phrases. Example: The problem with contemporary art is that it is not easily understood by term paper functions most people. Modern art is deliberately abstract, and that means that contemporary art leaves the in america analysis essay viewer wondering what she is looking at. · Synonyms- words with identical or very similar meanings: they provide some variety in your word choices while helping to connect important ideas.

Example: Myths narrate sacred history and paper on management, explain sacred origins. These traditional narratives are, in short, a set of beliefs that are a very real force in the lives of people who tell them. · Pronoun reference- this, that, these, those, he, she, it, they and we, are useful pronouns for referring back to something previously mentioned. Be sure that what you are referring to is clear. Example: When scientific experiments do not work out as expected, they are often considered failures until some other scientist tries them again. · Transitional words #150; are connecting words that serve as a bridge, connecting one paragraph, sentence, clause, or word with another and analysis, signal the relationships between sentences and ideas in a piece of writing. Transitional words and expressions Purpose. Also, too, in addition, furthermore, to educational leadership papers add an idea or example. Moreover, and, besides, in angels in america fact. For example, for how to write a book title in an, instance, such as, to supply an example to support a including generalization. First, next, last, before, after, earlier to indicate order in which events subsequently, later, while, until, initially, occur or ideas are presented. Because, since, for the reason is that to angels in america analysis indicate the cause or reason for.

Therefore, so, thus, as a result, so that, to indicate the effect or result. But, however, nevertheless, on thesis statement roles the contrary to indicate that one thing is in america analysis essay, different. although, unlike, whereas, while, in extended essay introduction contrast from angels in america analysis, or contrasts with another thing. despite, yet, on the other hand. Similarly, likewise, in the same manner, to indicate that one thing is similar. in the same way, along the same lines as, to something already mentioned. unless, if, even if, or, provided that, to indicate a condition. still to indicate that something continues. in term paper other words, that is, that is to say to angels analysis essay indicate that something will be restated for clarity. finally, at last, after all, in conclusion, to indicate the end of a thought or list. to for euthanasia essay introduction conclude, to sum up. INDICATORS FOR ACADEMIC WRITING. Arguments Indicators Premise Indicators Conclusion Indicators. should since therefore. must because hence. necessarily as so. inasmuch as consequently. for the reason that it follows that. REFORMLATING AND REVISING YOUR ESSAY. Analysis Essay! This occurs throughout the writing process and need not be left until the end. A good writer is constantly reviewing his or her writing and making changes to strengthen the piece. At this stage, you should be: Editing : re-read your writing and check for grammar, usage and punctuation accuracy.

Revising: the process of modifying and reshaping the ideas in your writing in order to convey your message in the most reader friendly way. Try the following: · Re read your paper to a book book report determine if the content (ideas) is being conveyed in the best possible way. · Time: let some time go by between the drafting stage and the revising stage. This can help you distance yourself from the draft and see it in new ways. · Peer review: show your work-in-progress to one or two readers to get feedback on your writing. · Checklists: construct a checklist for revising and check your draft against the established criteria. Proofreading : check for spelling and punctuation errors. Responding to peer and angels in america analysis, tutor feedback : return to your text and incorporate the recommended changes. · Editing: is the educational leadership research final process of preparing a piece of writing for angels essay, an audience. Editing involves paying attention to the surface details of the writing. At this point you should look at: Example: ( I#146;ve, I have ) always felt that science and the military ( are obligated to, should, have to ) work together. · sentence structure (see sentence and grammar errors). A common error is to use incomplete, or fragments. Example: Or how to ride a bicycle. How To A Book Title! This is not a complete sentence! · Grammar (see sentence and grammar errors) A common mistake is to have part of the sentence that don#146;t #145;agree#146; with each other. Example: The Prime Minister make important foreign policy decisions. · Spelling: don#146;t worry about spelling during the planning, drafting and revising stages, wait until you have completed your revising before checking your spelling.

Example: controversy (correct) versus contraversy (wrong) · use standard and commonly accepted abbreviations , · spell out numbers of in america, one or two words, or those that begin a sentence. · italics and underlining should be used for titles of books; plays; films; long poems; works of visual art; magazines; newspapers; pamphlets; and radio and television programs; aircraft; ships; and trains; foreign words; . · consult the dictionary to determine whether the compound word requires a hyphen, · capitalize the beginning of every new sentence; the names of specific people; places; groups; businesses; events; people#146;s titles and their abbreviations; specific course; religions; languages; organisations; and titles of works. Extended Help! Errors in these areas may violate our standards for academic writing. Here are some useful strategies for angels, when you are checking your work. · Read aloud: reading aloud forces you to read it slowly and allows you to experience your words through your eyes, ears and mouth. · Read backward: this strategy separates words from their usual contexts and allows the extended essay introduction help writer to examine each word carefully for spelling errors and typing mistakes. · Circle verbs: one way to revisit sentence structure is to in america analysis essay look at the verbs you have chosen. Good writing often depends on strong verbs and reexamining the verb choices you have made can ensure that you have expressed your ideas strongly. · Reading sentences out of context: reading out of context helps to leadership research determine whether the sentences are complete or fragments. · Keep a log of the feedback you receive to see if there are any patterns to your errors. IMPROVING YOUR WRITING STYLE. Choosing appropriate words is not easy even for the seasoned writer. There are some strategies however, that can minimize any difficulty and help you improve the choices you make when you write. Angels In America Essay! Register : whether the topic or assignment demands a formal or informal tone. Example: It was no big deal It was inconsequential. Style : We write differently for different audiences and for different purposes.

Style is design report, largely determined by these five features of the language: 1. The presence or absence of the writer in the prose: using the first person #145;I#146;. Example: #147; I believe that atomic war will devastate life on earth.#148; (the use of #147;I#148; gives the angels in america analysis impression that the writer is term paper on management functions, relying on essay personal experience and knowledge). #145;It is believed that atomic war will devastate life on earth#146; 2. The representation of the paper on management audience: speaking directly to the reader using #147;you#148; Example: #145;As you prepare for this course..#146; #145;In preparation for this course #145; (the first example is in america, more conversational and less formal while the design a book cover book report second example is more objective and more formal). 3.Word choice : a heavily nominalised (verbs and adjectives turned into nouns) style is formal, abstract and impersonal. Sentences with heavy nominalisation are more formal and objective sounding to the reader. Examples: to decide OR decision; to act OR action; clear OR clarity; accurately OR accuracy. Example: #145;He decided to act once the angels in america analysis essay issues became clear #146; #145;He made the decision to take action once the issues took on greater clarity.

4. Sentence length, structure, variety : for some audiences you are likely to consider word choice and sentence length differently. Sometimes more specialized, complex words and grammar are necessary to ensure clarity. Example: #145;The huts vary in height. They measure from ten to fifteen feet in diameter. They contain no modern conveniences.#146; #145;The huts, which vary in paper height and measure from angels in america, ten to fifteen feet in diameter, contain no modern conveniences.#146; 5. The design of the paragraphs : To the reader, paragraphs that are longer than half a page appear difficult. Short paragraphs may signal ideas that are underdeveloped. Most paragraphs should be 5-7 sentences, three paragraphs to a single typed page. Basic matters of style: · Use concrete nouns. Good writing is detailed and exact, not vague or general. · Avoid the passive too much and don#146;t rely to extended heavily on the verb #145;to be#146;. · Don#146;t depend on adjectives and adverbs to angels in america essay convey your meaning.

Let the nouns and verbs do most of the thesis statement about roles work. · Vary sentence length. When every sentence is the same length the text becomes monotonous. A short sentence can be an effective way to emphasize an idea, and a long sentence can produce a satisfying and convincing rhythm. · Think about your style: personal or impersonal, academic or social? I MPROVING YOU VOCABUALRY: LEVELS OF FORMALITY. Try the following exercise.

Arrange the list of words according to their usage levels#151;from most formal to most informal.

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SparkNotes: Angels in America

An essay on translation as a subject. In today’s world this subject is getting more and more popularity. There are many reasons behind it. The first and the foremost reason is that it contributes to the unity of nations. Essay. It also encourages mutual understanding, broad-mindedness, cultural dialogues and intertextuality. But one can hardly think of comparative literature without immediate thinking of translation. For instance most readers in India know the works of Goethe, Tolstoy, Balzac, Shakespeare and Gorky only through translation.

It is educational leadership research papers through the intermediary of translator that we get access to other literatures. Thus Comparative Literature and translation humanize relationship between people and nations. As an intermediary between languages, thoughts and cultures, they contribute to the respect of alteration. Furthermore, they connect themselves and the other in their truths, myths, force and weakness. Analysis. From a historical perspective, comparative literature and translation have always been complementary. Without the help of design book report translation a normal person who usually knows two or three languages would never have known the angels universal master pieces of Dante, Shakespeare, Borges, Kalidas, and roles, Cervantes etc.

A normal person usually not knows more than two-three languages. But if s/he wanted to angels in america analysis essay study and compare the literature of two or more languages s/he must be familiar with those languages and cultures. If s/he does not know any of that particular language s/he can take help of translation. Those texts might be translated by someone else who knows that language and the comparatist can use that translated text to extended introduction help solve his/her purpose. So one can say that: a. Each one of them comparative literature and translation are interconnected. b. A common man can come closer to the major writers of angels in america different fields.

c. With the medium of translating literature from distinct text or languages one can figure out its sociology, philosophy, psychology as well as all their culture. d. Either translation or through comparison the problems of particular area’s people will analysed. e. With the help of translation a text become able to get a wider range of readers. Comparative literature is a discipline dedicated to the study of literature without national and linguistic barriers. The student of comparative literature study problems in genre, mode, literary period or movement. The comparatists probe the mechanics of functions literary forms and engage themselves in the analysis of existing theoretical and critical approaches and the formulation of necessary critical distinctions of equal importance. The comparatists also deal with the questions of interaction between literature and essay, other arts and disciplines.

The comparatist may study the political, social and an intellectual context of literary emphasis is preserved. In other words, the main objective of the study of comparative literature is the proper appreciation of literature in a larger perspective, involving more than one literature and specially those growing across the national boundaries. In a multilingual country like ours we have two basic objectives for studying comparative literature. No doubt the role of translation in comparative literature is very important. It becomes more valuable in today’s world when the whole world has become a global village. With the advancement of technology people living in different countries with different languages come closer to thesis statement about gender each other. Although there is a one international language, English, which is the common source of communication between people but still there is a problem in the study of literature as literatures is usually written in regional languages or languages of angels analysis that particular countries such as France’s literature is in French and write in an, literature of Russia is in Russian language. It is not compulsory that every comparatist will know the all languages.

So there is need of translation by which a comparatist can read and understand that literary works which are not in his/her own language. With the help of translation we become familiar with the customs, dress code, and culture of other countries. In short it can be said that translation plays a great role in comparative literature. We can even say that comparative study of literatures from different languages, cultures and sociocultural backgrounds is not possible. So translation occupies a special place in comparative literature. In this age of angels in america analysis globalization comparative literature as a subject is getting more and more popularity. But there is no one who is perfect in all the languages. Educational Research. So translation has played a very important role to understand the literature culture of different languages without which we cannot do a comparative study of various literary works written in different languages. Angels Analysis Essay. So Comparative literature is a tree with translation as its most important branch. 1. What is Translation?

Translation is the transformation of a text from one language into another. Though the word translation and elucidation are frequently used exchangeable, by paper functions firm description, translation denotes to the transcribed language, and understanding to the spoken word. Translation is the in america essay act of construal of the denotation of a text, and later construction of a comparable text, also entitled a translation, that passes the exact content in target language. The text or a work to be translated is termed the source text, and the language it is to be translated into is called the target language. Translation must take into account brakes that include context, the rules of grammar of the two languages, their writing conventions, and their idioms. A common misconstruction is that there exists a simple word-for-word parallelism between any two languages, and that translation is a straight forward mechanical process. 1.1 History of Translation. The necessity for translation has existed since time ancient and translating important literary works from one language into others has donated ominously to the growth of world culture. Ideas and customs of one culture have continuously progressed and got adjusted into other cultures through the works of translators. The history of translation is associated to introduction the history of the often unseen cross cultural exchanges of the world. Thoughts and conceptions from the East notably India, Iraq and China have determined the Western culture since as early as sixth century B.C. In America Analysis. when business ties were first instituted between Mediterranean countries and term paper on management functions, India.

Many curative theories of Galen and Plato of Greece had significantly influence from those of India. Many of the scientific and philosophical works of ancient Greece were extracted into Arabic as early as ninth century A.D. This knowledge spread via Spain to Europe which was a mostly a Muslim country then. The scholar of angels analysis essay translators of how to title in an essay Toledo in Spain set up by Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile in 1085 AD was given responsibility for translations from Arabic to angels in america analysis essay Latin and then to Spanish these technological and scientific work which afterward led to the European Renaissance. In spite of their main contributions, early translators have repeatedly persisted unfamiliar or in the background and a book essay, the recognition due to angels analysis them have not been recognized. They have done their work with conscientious exertions in spite of many contravenes that have spotted in statement about history. Translators have enabled sacred books like the Bible written in in america analysis essay esoteric languages like Latin to for euthanasia essay be understood by ordinary people by translating them into more common languages without depending on angels in america essay, a few clerisy bishops to explain what they contained. How To Write Title In An. Few translators also had to pay with their lives for angels in america doing it like the well-known Bible translators William Tyndale who was caught and put to death in Holland by the king in educational leadership 1536 for translating the angels in america analysis Bible from its original languages into on management functions, the common language of English. It was believed that Chinese monk Xuanzang have translated 74 volumes of angels Buddhist sacred text which was belong from introduction India in to Chinese in angels in america essay 645 AD.

One of the most former preserved translations of significant effort in English is possibly the translation of the Bible around 1100 AD. British translator Constance Garnett made the translating school pleased by her vivid translations of Russian classics containing those of Tolstoy, Chekhov, Gogol, Turgenev, and Dostoyevski in late 19s. One more renowned translator is Gregory Rabassa who has translated numerous Latin American fictions into English. Dr. Arthur Waley is one of the world’s foremost translators of the 20th century of Japanese and Chinese literature into English.

Further Gladys Yang translated many Chinese classics into English over the last fifty years. Translation has played an important key role in the improvement in culture at world level. Cover Report. It is simple to think of culture as nationwide and completely distinct. If we commence to observe the effect of literary translation, the assumption of communication besides anything so limited by geographical location is clear. A history of world culture from the viewpoint of translation discloses a continuous movement of angels analysis forms and ideas, of cultures regularly absorbing new inspirations because of the work of extended help translators. It dispels the supposition that everything begins in in america analysis essay the West and weakens the idea of inflexible boundaries between West and East. India, Spain, China, and Iraq have in different ways shaped the culture of Europe.

India formed ties with the Mediterranean in the 6th century BC and medical theories found in Greek intellectuals like Galen and Plato initiated from India. In 9th and 10th century Baghdad, the philosophical and scientific works of Earliest Greece were translated into Arabic and thesis about, this learning disseminate to Europe via Spain which was virtually a Muslim country from the early 18th century for 400 years. The transmission extended it highest through the School of Toledo where translations were translated from Arabic to Latin and afterward to Spanish in order to angels analysis essay enable the technological and scientific development for the Renaissance age. A history of about gender translation charts these connections. They may be main cause in violent historical controversies and imperial increases but it is never a simple procedure of translation for appropriation. A very few of the history of translation is well-drafted – the analysis essay translation of the Bible, the work of missionary, the specialist translators in India – but there remains huge unknown dominions. Researchers have recently begun to write about the role of individual translators and their translation.

Translators like Gregory Rabassa in the United States or Constance Garnett in statement England have been responsible for transforming writing in English by analysis essay their own translations of Russian and Latin American literature. In the raise of new political liberation in Eastern Europe have come translations of best-selling American and English writers. The history of for euthanasia essay translation is the history of the important but often not seen intersection point in world culture. Translation was an esteemed activity in Britain in the 18th Century, and the field was separated into two completely different areas: translation from translation from modern languages (French, German, Italian and Spanish) which was one of the few literary genres open to women and the older one that was the classics (focusing on Latin and Greek authors) which was a male-dominated territory, and Yet, there were some significant exceptions in the area of the classics. It was the central position occupied by in america essay Translators and their work in translation theory: translation studies has been progressively paying attention to their vital mediation in recent years. Instead of the write essay fact that the communicative purpose of translation activities is the central engrossment of this method, Hans Vermeer has fetched attention to the degree of freedom, on the one hand, and of responsibility, on the other, which bears on language mediators (Vermeer 1998: 54).

Translators are said to angels analysis essay be the experts who should plan and extended essay introduction, implement those strategies which allow them to achieve their objective, i.e. their possibilities. Analysis. This ideas takes translators to how to in an essay the Centre of the stage, and yet it also made them busy in in america analysis essay a certain amount of essay introduction help risk. Thus, they were the translators who had made important contribution over the centuries in broadcasting of ideas and information to a larger audience, in shaping of cultures and in a sense helped unite the world. 1.2 Need and scope of essay Translation. In a huge nation like India, where countless regional changes in culture and behaviour obtain, and the many languages hold their unique origins and essay, identities, it is impossible to hold an elaborative and continuous communication between various divisions of the in america country on a national as well as at international scale.

There couldn’t be the on management accurate meaningful responsiveness of the country-s total literary act. The output without such mutual communication through the means of translation. Analysis Essay. Translations of the known works of Indian literary creators like Tagore, Premchand etc… been effectively accepted and their writings have been read and enjoyed in all parts of term on management India as well as outside of India. There has, however, been no organized effort to take up the significant works of each area and present them in a commonly understood language. Books which has fusion has planned to publish a collection of angels in america analysis literary work of thesis gender English translations of modern short stories written in the distinct Indian languages, with the intention of getting the people together of India on one platform in order to make Indian literature available in India as well as the analysis other parts of the world. There were so many translation occurred in the field of literature, the work which did not get recognition later after translation they achieved name and fame in India as well as in other countries. Therefore, it was a required to spread literature of specific nation to other nations through the medium of translation.

2. Types of Translation. As many experts were engaged in the field of translation, therefore they were having their own styles, methods, or techniques while translating any piece of translation. It was also found that they were using different style which has some kinds of variation in translation where practically one may find their own characteristics and forms. Some types of introduction translation are found out because of the in america essay variances and likenesses of the source structures, unlike types of text that are going to be translated and various intention of translation. According to Newmark he said that translation techniques connect the whole texts, translation used for sentences and the smaller units of each language. [1] Roman Jakobson in Hatim and Munday brings an important differentiation between all three types of how to write title written translation [2]: 1) Intralingual translation, the same language convey its meaning in the form of rewording or paraphrase, in angels analysis essay order to a book report achieve its meaning, 2) Interlingual translation, which mainly focuses to in america analysis essay such translation which was carried out from one language to another,

3) Intersemiotic translation, this kind of translation deals with verbal sign by non-verbal sign for a book essay example audio- visual images like music or pictures. According to Nababan the kinds of translation, such as word for word translation, literal translation, dynamic translation, pragmatic translation, free translation, , aesthetic-poetic translation, ethnographic translation, linguistic translation communicative translation and essay, semantic translation [3]. 1. The Process of Translation. The procedure of translation can be well-defined as the activity carried out by the translator of translation, and the process which is used by the translator as a kind of user manual in order to guide in translating from source text from into the target language. The process of translation contains mainly three steps, step one is to analyse texts where the translator analysed certain key aspects like structure of grammar, meaning of the words etc. of source language, step two is to transfer in which the translator focuses on the material of the source text and the target text which can be transferred based on the mentality of the translator, and step three is to write restructured in order to get the exact message and make a new creation of the source language into target language[4]. 2. Essay. Translation Equivalence. With the reference to oxford dictionary equivalence is exactly equivalency or replaceable in write a book in an valuate, quantity, importance, etc. Angels In America. [5] Vinay and Darbelnet as cited in book Munday, said that “equivalence denotes to example where languages depict the equal situation by in america unlike rhetorical or constructive/ structural means” [6]. Equivalence stands for cover the concept of equality, sameness and similarity; it has the equal or a similar cause or meaning in translation. Nida also defined types of in america analysis equivalence, which are also named two basic orientations of translation [7]: 1. Thesis About Gender Roles. Formal correspondence. It emphases on the message itself, in both of content and form.

Once it is seen that the in america essay content in the receptor language should fit as closely as possible the unlike components in the source language. 2. Dynamic equivalence. It is the educational leadership research papers rationale of equivalent effect, where the angels in america essay connection between receptor and message should be considerably the same as that which laid between the original receptor and paper on management functions, the message. The objective of the dynamic equivalence is getting the nearest natural equivalent to the source message. Angels. This receptor oriented method regards changes of grammar, of words, and of cultural acknowledgment to term on management be important in order to attain naturalness. Darbelnet and Vinay interpret that the translation which is analysis equivalence-oriented as a process which ‘reproduces the same situation as in how to write a book title in an essay the master copy, at the same time as the completely different words are used’.

Therefore, equivalence is an ideal process when the translator using cliches, nominals, proverbs, idioms, or adjectival phrases and the sounds of animal. [8] With the reference to theory of Jakobson, he interpreted that the ‘translation contains mainly two equal messages in angels in america analysis essay two different codes’. Jakobson keeps on saying that it can be different from the grammatical point of view languages may vary from on management functions language to angels in america analysis essay language in a greater or lesser degree, which does not mean that a translation of one language into another is impossible, moreover, one of the problems the translator may face is not finding a translation equivalent. [9] Baker was considered to enlighten more detailed list of conditions upon which the concept equivalent can be defined at different levels with an interesting elaboration of the notion equivalent can be found in as follow: 1. Equivalence which can be observed at word level. Extended Essay Introduction. Baker defined the term word as it should be recalled that each and every single word can be considered as being a more compound unit or linguistic unit, and it also talk about word meaning.[10]

2. Analysis. The more emphasis on word level equivalence is given when translating from source text to targeted text. Educational Research. In this part, the translator focuses on the type of word sounding, they are idioms, collocation, and static expression.[11] 3. Grammatical equality, while mentioning to the multifariousness of grammatical kinds throughout languages. Baker emphases on angels essay, tense and aspects, number, voice, gender and person.[12]. In the how to a book title in an procedure of translation; this kinds of differences between the angels in america analysis essay original Language and the Translated form often connote few adaptation in the content. When the original language has specific category in grammar that the Target language lacks, this modification can take the style of including information to the target text. The conversion can take the form of leadership papers omission if it is the target language that lacks a category.

4. Textual equivalence when referring to the equivalence between a Source Language text and a Target Language text in terms of information and thematic structure.[13] It also unifies the discussion in this division regarding cohesion.[14] 5. Practical equivalence, when referring to technique of avoidance throughout the translation procedure.[15] The following theorist like Nida and Taber, Catford, Jakobson, House, Vinay and Darbelnet, and Baker have studied equivalence in essay relation using translation process, applying distinct methods. C. Grammatical Equivalence. The rules of Grammar which determine the method in which parts such as words, phrases and sentences can be mixed in a language. Grammar has its main two attributes: syntax and morphology, syntax (structure of sentence) deals with the grammatical structure of thesis statement about sets of words/ phrases (clauses or sentence), the linear arrangement of in america category of words (noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, etc.), morphology is deals with the structure of individual words, the way in which their form differs to show particular distinction in the grammatical structure (example: present/past, singular/plural, number). Distinct structures of grammar in extended essay introduction the Source Language and Target Language may make notable changes in the way the message or information is in america essay brought across, these changes may hasten the roles translator either to omit or to add information in the Target Text because of the lack of specific grammatical patterns in the Target Language itself, amongst these grammatical patterns which might create difficulties or problems in translation. [16] As far as translation is pertained, the most significant difference between lexical choices and grammatical is that the angels in america analysis earlier are commonly compulsory while the latter are mostly optional. In the course of translation, this kinds of different between SL and the TL frequently mean some modification in for euthanasia introduction the content of information. Number is angels essay a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to extended indicate a change in its grammatical function of verbs, adjectives, nouns, pronouns, and determiners to in america analysis essay indicate dual, singular and plural forms. Distinguished three classes of number: dual (‘two’), singular (‘one’), and cover, plural (‘more than two’). [17] The thought of countability is may be common, but it is believed that many language do not have same grammatical category of angels in america essay number, even it is found that they might create differences at the lexical meaning.

The word gender, typically ascribed to Protagoras in design a book cover Shery Simon, is came from a term meaning kind or class and adverted to essay the part of Greek nouns into feminine, masculine and neuter.[18] Gander is grammatical classification according to term on management functions which a noun or pronoun is categorised as feminine or masculine. Morphological (concerned with the formation of admissible words in a language) kind of the verb used to indicate the in america singular and plural finite verb kinds as ‘speaker’ (1st person), ‘addressee’ (2nd person), or a ‘person, place or thing’ concerned to in the utterance (3rd person).[19] Sub-group of pronouns which denote to individuals is as the speaker (I, we), addressee (you) or other persons, things (S/he, it) (comprehensive vs. non- comprehensive).The classification of person links to the notion of help participant functions. Tense and in america essay, Aspect. English has dual mode tense structures, so that in place of the past tense form was, we could apply the matching present tense form is. [20] Aspect is a terminology applied to draw the time of the activity delineate by a verb whether the activity is ongoing or accomplished. Term Paper. [21] In those languages which have these classifications, the form of the in america essay verb regularly provides two kinds of information: aspectual differences and time relations. Voice is grammatical or a structural set that specifies the bondage between subjects and verbs. Educational Leadership Research. It considers the active clauses if the subjects have role creditworthy to perform action, and it considers passive clause if the subject is the impacted abstraction. [22] D. Translation Process. Translation processes or translation shifts are outlined as “the littlest linguistic adapts taking place in translation of in america analysis Source Text to Target Text”. [23] Translation is an thesis statement gender, area of different processes. Translation processes are used to acquire similitude between source text and target text in translation process. There are many varieties of translation practises, but the author want to look into some operation that must be use by translator to adjust to the rhetorical requirements and grammatical patterns of the target text. These assumptions are elaborated below.[24]

The difference can bring the form of including to the target text information which is angels in america analysis not conveyed in the source language, if the target text has the grammatical category which the source text lacks. [25] Information which is not seen in the source language may be added to write a book in an the target language. Baker denotes to deletion as “skip of a lexical part due to in america semantic patterns or grammatical of the receivers language”.[26] In the term on management course of translating, the replacement of angels in america essay information content of gender roles message can be done in the form of eliminating information in the source text, if the target text lacks a grammatical pattern. Structural adjustment is one more significant method for angels acquiring equivalence between source language text and target language text. Structural adjustment is also termed shift, or alteration, or transposition. Newmark says that “A ‘shift’ (Catford’s point) or ‘transposition’ (Vinay and Darbelnet) is a translation process including a modification in the grammar from Source Language to Target Language”.

There are four types of transposition: [27] Type 1: the change from singular to plural (and vice versa), or in the position of the adjective. Type 2: the change in grammatical structure from SL to TL because SL grammatical structure does not exist in statement about roles TL. Type 3: an alternative to when literal translation of SL text may not accord with natural usage in TL. Such alternatives include: The joined form of adjective participle (i.e. Angels Analysis Essay. adjective formed from a verb) and noun, or noun phrase in thesis gender SL becomes noun + noun form in TL. Clause in the form of participial (i.e. verb form sharing the functions of a noun) in SL is expressed into angels in america analysis essay, its direct form in TL. Type 4: the on management replacement of a virtual lexical gap by a grammatical structure. The emphasis in SL is shown through TL regular grammatical construction.

There are many kinds of translation procedures. Translation procedures will make easily to get grammatical equivalence between source language and angels in america analysis, target language in the process of translation. E. Evaluation in Translation Studies. Evaluation in translation hence goes beyond the assessment of for euthanasia essay introduction specific translations and analysis essay, must study into account other devices. In this study, the researcher uses the introduction form of comparable assessment according to Nababan: [28] Scale Definition Category.

1 The intending of words, phrases, clauses and analysis essay, sentences of source language text can be shifted to the target language text incorrectly or omission. 2 Large section the meaning of words, phrases, clauses and sentences of source language text had be transmitted to the target language text correctly, but however found out some deformations in meaning or equivocalness translation which determines message. 3 The meaning of words, phrases, clauses and sentences of source language text can be shifted to essay the target language correctly, there no found deformations in meaning. Table 1. Assessment of Equivalence. Translation in Global world. Translation plays an important role in creating the classification of ‘world literature’, a word that has arose new exchange in this epoch of globalization. Commenting on essay by Eric Bulson, Susan Stanford Friedman, Rebecca Beasley, Laura Doyle and Jessica Berman, the research scholar recommend that the angels analysis essay worldwide disseminate of thesis statement gender roles modernism and its native unfolding requirement to be realized by in america analysis the vital translation job that came with it. Essay Introduction. The research scholar emphases on lingo modernisms in angels in america essay India from 1920s to1960s in order to express that the impression of translation was by no means one-way or aimed towards the West.

Translation both languages from native and leadership research, non- native was an essential part in angels analysis essay the mood of Indian modernist writing, specifically as written in the poetry mags of the early 20th century. At the same time native and diverse culture ambiance of this modernist literary accumulation, far more substantial and far-reaching than Indian literature in English, can only be comprehended via continuation of expansion of modernism’s translation. Therefore, Translation studies holds developing and flourishing its field of research. The discussion that designed the consolidation of cultural and linguistic views remains far behind, and the evolution of pragmatic approaches, narrative approaches, and how to write title in an, critical discourse approaches to in america belief and influence, multimedia sights and educational leadership research, incompatible studies of cultural patterns, have moulded translation as a place of agency where cultural as well as social practices– meet and born. Particularly, translation is now considered as an important property of the cultural, social, and political inter connections of dealings that take place in local as well as at global contexts, which are no longer encountered from the paragon view whereby messages are conveyed between steady structures and classified norms, but as uncertain practises of negotiation.

Perhaps the most exciting growth has been to identify the role that exemplification has in the continuous restructuring of communication; a depiction arises in which communication is not axiomatic and the example of translation between close languages and cultures, such as European languages and cultures, is no more privileged. It gets absolved that there are surely not transmittable, untranslatable components all over, and these may be elementary concepts or entire narratives. An example of translation as a technical adjustment in an easy and nearly automatic re-codification is substituted by a model in which communication is in america analysis a productive act with an elusive goal, totally never satisfied and constantly determined by numerous actors: authors, editors, audiences, translators, media factors, etc.; as well as their goals and the forms of realism and the world they presume. This emphases on term paper on management, particular contexts: specific fields (literary, commercial, scientific, medical, legal, socio-political discourse etc.) in which indigenous characteristics have global significances and may be used in a broader model. One of those significances is that ideological and cultural differences are universal along with the time of domains and genres, and inclined to ups-well in a diversity of styles distinct as points that mark the edges between two “languacultures” (Agar 2008) (Faiq 2010, 2014), as Said Faiq has named them in angels analysis the context of Translation Studies recently. 3. Translation in statement about gender Multilingual country like India. Translation of angels in america literature from an Indian viewpoint, everyone notice that till 19th century Indian translators were not keen about being factual to the unique in manner and matter. As a matter of fact, the epics and puranas, the Sanskrit classics were “recited, adopted, undermined and translated” during the Middle Ages, without any conscience about preciseness or accuracy to the master piece of any work. The authenticity has raised an important question when started translating the extended introduction Bible into Indian languages. Instead of directly dealing with translation in country like India let us find out the position of Indian languages in the field of translation.

As everyone knows that Indian populations have multilingualism though they were given more emphasis on a common heritage. There were original versions of Mahabharata and Ramayana in all main languages and therefore it was not needed to be translated. The group of people those who were illiterate were enjoying it orally from their own language. But when the angels in america essay time comes of educated people observed at other languages by the percolate of English language. Translation was promoted in their own way by British for their profit. ‘Manusmriti’ was translated in order to govern Indians through their native laws by William Jones’. But the self-awareness brought by how to write title promotion of translation and the outcome of the independence movement directed to a large amount of translation activity, which made the patriot works of Bankimchandra in Bengali and angels essay, Khandekar in Marathi available to lots of thesis statement about gender roles readers in difference languages.

The aspiration of translation was enhanced because of the Nobel Prize of essay literature in educational papers 1913 and it arose speedily after 1947; the main reasons behind it was getting the national literary awards. As it was observed, translation is frequently came with “the institutional arrangement of state power” Translation of analysis Indian Literature into English has progressed to the centre with concern expressed by our reviewers, publishers, seminar organizers and other such groups from the colonial times. It is fact that that we do not have an exact comparable word ‘translation’ in any languages of India. What we have used till now are ‘anuvad’ in Sanskrit, ‘tarjuma’ in Arabic, ‘rupantar’ in Bangla, ‘vivartanam’ in statement roles and ‘bhashantar’ in Hindi which recommends that the analysis concept of ‘translation’ was alienate to us; what we appreciated in specific language translator created a similar one in other languages, which connotes that translation was not familiar writing for how to write title in an essay us till the arrival of Western culture. As everyone knows ‘anuvad’ and ‘rupantar’ which is used as a meaning of in america essay translation, where there was not any need of loyalty to the original text. The idea of faithful rendering of the original, even of a literary work, came to design cover book report us from West, with the translation of the Bible into Indian languages by the Christian Missionaries. Whereas the inherited trend in India of change of from implies the compliment paid to a translation “that it does not read like a translation to bind to the main text.” This demonstrations that there is a main changes found in translation practice between West and in India.

In West translation is “a complicated linguistic act”, “while in India it is an unavoidable way of life.” In the West it is angels essay examined from various perspectives but in India the focus is educational leadership papers more on the positive and meddlesome aspects of translation. As India is angels analysis multicultural and multilingual, translation acts as an important tool for negotiations. But the sad aspect of translation is that much of the poetry and how to write title in an essay, fiction of the in america Third World Countries, which is a product of its own tradition, does not get translated because of its least accessibility to the Western reader. Only those of touristic interest get translated. There are many hurdles to translation in our county. For instance, a study reveals that we need four hundred and sixty two languages. But out of these only papers seventy eight are available, and some are without a thesaurus. Thus, in spite of being a promising site in a county like ours, problems of translation are numerous. We can say that with the globalization of culture, translation became more important. It was father promoted due to the spread of English education. Angels Analysis. It is also one of the effective ways of how to title essay linking diverse languages and varieties of cultures.

Translation should fulfil this social responsibility and contribute to in america the society. It is a kind of negotiation between languages which makes two cultures cohabits in a book title a text. According to Wilhelm von Humboldt, translation is a way to understand different cultures, different ways of thinking, expressions, linguistic structures, etc. It implies translation of language as well as the nature or character of the speakers. In this way Target Text makes the target language (TL) more fertile, and hence translation is often looked upon as something reconstructing or transferring.

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Tony Kushner s Angels in America: Histories, Futures, and Queer Lives

Essay on Kashmir Flash Floods | India | Disaster Management. Here is an essay on the ‘Kashmir Flash Floods’ for class 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Kashmir Flash Flood’ especially written for school and college students. Floods in the state are linked to the Jhelum River and its history of crossing the danger mark and thereby inundating the ‘Valley’. Floods in Jammu and Kashmir aren’t exactly an uncommon phenomenon, if history and indeed its geography is to be believed. Starting last week, the state has seen an unprecedented amount of rainfall, resulting in its worst floods since 1959.

Floods in angels analysis, the state are invariably linked to for euthanasia essay introduction, the Jhelum River and angels essay its history of crossing the danger mark, its streams and rivulets overflowing and thereby inundating the a book “Valley” (south Kashmir) in the process. While the scale of devastation caused by these floods is nothing short of massive, with over 200 people having lost their lives so far, the Valley, along with the angels in america analysis essay Jammu region has, over essay introduction time witnessed floods occurring at regular intervals. According to Sir Walter Roper Lawrence in his book, The Valley of Kashmir (1895), “Many disastrous floods are noticed in vernacular histories, but the greatest was the terrible inundation which followed the slipping of the Khadanyar mountains below Baramula in AD 879. Angels Analysis Essay. The channel of the Jhelum River was blocked and a large part of the valley was submerged.” The other major flood to affect Kashmir happened in 1841, which Lawrence notes, “caused much damage to statement gender roles, life and property.” However, the first flood of devastating proportions to angels in america, hit the state came half a century later in 1893, when 52 hours of continuous and warm rainfall, beginning 18 July, caused what Lawrence describes as “a great calamity”. In 1893, he notes, “the flood cost the state Rs. 64,804 in land revenue alone, 25,426 acres of introduction, crops were submerged, 2,225 houses were wrecked and essay 329 cattle killed.” In the aftermath of the introduction 1893 floods, Lawrence noted an interesting practice, where he wrote, “Marvellous tales were told of the analysis essay efficacy of the flags of saints which had been set up to arrest the floods, and people believe that the rice fields of Tulamula and the bridge of Sumbal were saved by the presence of these flags, which were taken from the shrines as a last resort”. The Valley also recorded major floods at design cover report, the turn of the century, with the angels in america essay most devastating one coming 10 years after the on management 1893 disaster. The floods, which in the day were classified as the in america analysis essay “greatest flood ever known”, came down the Valley and Srinagar on 23 July 1903, converting the city into “a whole lake”. According to Saligram Bhatt in his 2004-book “Kashmir Ecology and Environment: New Concerns and research Strategies”, the water level in the 1903 floods were higher by 3 points as compared to the one that had hit the state a decade earlier.

Bhatt wrote, “7,000 dwellings went down in the neighbourhood of the city, including 773 on the Dal Lake.” For the next quarter of a century, the Valley did not record major floods in angels in america analysis essay, the valley, largely thanks to lessons learnt and reparative measures which were put in place. However, in 1929, the Valley grappled with yet another major flood, which mainly affected parts of what is today Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir Hit by Devastating Floods: About 22 air force helicopters and four aircraft were deployed to evacuate stranded people and to deliver relief. While the Valley stayed relatively flood-free for the following two decades, immediately after independence, Kashmir was hit by a flood in 1948. Two years later, in September 1950, another major flood hit the state, with nearly 100 people losing their lives.

The flood was, rather unsurprisingly, caused by the Jhelum’s overflow. According to a Hindustan Times report from Jammu, “more than 15,000 houses have either collapsed or been damaged and over 100 people lost their lives in the heavy rains and floods in Jammu district.” The then Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh, donated a sum of Rs. Leadership Research Papers. 24,000 for the relief of flood victims, while the Maharani donated Rs. 10,000. In August-September of angels analysis essay, 1957, another major flood was recorded in Jammu and Kashmir, with the Valley feeling its devastating impact. The floods almost submerged the thesis about entire valley. Essay. In a Hindustan Times dispatch from Jammu (Sep 2), the then Prime Minister of Jammu and thesis about Kashmir, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad was quoted as saying that, “the floods recorded in Jammu and Kashmir were the highest ever recorded in the state, and that the damage caused by them was colossal.” Two years later, in July 1959, the angels state witnessed yet another massive “glacial” flood, perhaps its worst ever at the time, when four days of incessant rains lashed the functions valley and Srinagar, triggering the Jhelum.

The Hindu reported, “The swirling flood waters of the Jhelum River touched 30.25 feet on analysis essay, 5 July, over six points above the danger level.” The rainfall that lashed the state was so severe that then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who was enroute to a survey of the damage caused by the floods, had to return to Delhi less than five hours after take-off from functions Palam. Angels. In a statement, the Prime Minister said, “I spent a day in the Kashmir Valley yesterday. There can be no doubt about the calamity that has descended upon the Jammu and Kashmir state because of these floods and the tremendous damage they have done. What is distressing is that many of the development works which have been built up in recent years have been washed away and we have to start anew. Both the state and thesis statement about gender the central government will give help.” While the in america analysis state did witness floods thereafter in the following three decades, the one in 1992 was unprecedented in terms of its fury.

Recording its heaviest rainfall since 1959, the 1992 floods were most devastating, purely in terms of casualties. According to newspaper reports from 1992, over 200 people lost their lives and the floods left over 60,000 people marooned in several north-western border districts. However, it is also worth noting that parts of extended essay help, Pakistan-occupied Kashmir bore the brunt of these floods, with over 2,000 deaths reported in that part. While flash floods in the region, mainly triggered by a combination of heavy rainfall and landslides are common, the state has also witnessed massive floods caused by angels in america analysis, a cloudburst in the Leh- Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir. The cloudburst, which occurred on 6 August 2010, triggered flash floods in the area after a night of heavy downpour.

While it only lasted for half an hour, the devastation caused by extended introduction help, the cloudburst was enormous. It destroyed many buildings in the city of angels in america analysis essay, Leh, including hospitals and several communication lines that connected it with the rest of the state, and term functions indeed the country. Over 250 people were reported dead in the floods triggered by the cloudburst. The dredging of rivers carried out in the last decade has not helped the angels analysis situation. In fact, it has made it worse in certain cases — for thesis statement roles, example, the Doodhganga and angels in america analysis essay Rambiyaar tributaries of the Jhelum. As the floodwaters carried a high sediment load, the sheer force swept away the bridges and roads that embank these turbulent streams.

The state has a specific objective to book, generate electricity from analysis run-of-the-river projects and has no dams. The construction of large dams is not permitted under the Indus Waters Treaty. As Kashmir is yet to fully exploit its run-of-the-river power generation potential, this was not seen as a limitation. A Book Cover Book. But the state is vulnerable during intense precipitation, the incidence of which is analysis essay, likely to increase if global climate change patterns replicate themselves in the Himalayan region and intensify extreme weather conditions. Strategically placed, dams could hold large quantities of water from the Jhelum’s tributaries.

The confluence of the Veshav, Lidder and extended essay help Rambiyaar into the Jhelum within a few kilometres of each other in analysis essay, south Kashmir could prove dangerous for Anantnag town and adjacent areas. This is a good example of where a dam could be employed to good effect. The Sendh and Doodhganga basins could similarly benefit from such a strategy. Wularlake near Sopore also presents a natural water-storage option. Its capacity to hold a large quantity of water could be enhanced, as envisaged by the Wular navigation project, to provide security against the threat of inundation in north Kashmir.

But the projects would have to be accommodated by for euthanasia, the Indus Waters Treaty first. Dams upstream on angels in america analysis essay, the Jhelum, Chenab and Indus, however, could have helped keep water levels low and design cover report prevent breaches. Policy-makers in angels in america essay, Pakistan must understand this well. However, the threat of dams being used as strategic weapons is something that has prevented the political leadership in Pakistan from recognizing their larger benefit. Extended Essay Help. The stalling of the Wular project on the Jhelum is a clear example of essay, this mindset.

How can the lack of trust be overcome? The answer lies in the participation of JK in future negotiations over the Indus waters. Extended Essay Introduction. The state could wield greater control over the river waters, which should be distributed by the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty to provide Pakistan a guarantee against strategic wartime usage. Through collective monitoring and the exchange of real-time water discharge data, trust could be further built between water management authorities on each side. And given the fact that dams would be essential to in america analysis essay, control floods, holding back water would also be detrimental. For India, this would be a win- win situation. Industry and growing metropolises could use the hydropower generated in Kashmir. Power is central to India’s growing economy and hydropower provides an term easy option for the country to decrease its reliance on coal. Cooperation over water is not a new feature of India-Pakistan relations.

In fact, it is the angels sole area where diplomacy between the two countries has been largely successful. Water has been identified as an area of renewed interest in the composite dialogue. The Kashmir floods are a reminder that its scope should be further widened. Reasons for research, Floods: 1. Institutional Failures: (a) IMD: The immediate and angels in america analysis recognizable cause of the Jammu and educational papers Kashmir floods was heavy rainfall. In America. In the gender week ending on September 10, Udhampur, Reasi and angels in america analysis Kulgam districts received much higher rainfall than the State average rainfall for the week (268 mm), which was evidently going to have disastrous implications. Yet, curiously, none of the local, State or Central agencies saw the consequences of thesis statement, such heavy rainfall. There was sufficient time before the water from the rainfall reached Srinagar or other upstream areas of the Jhelum basin, and Jammu and other areas of the Chenab basin, but no agency provided any warning to these vulnerable areas. (b) The Central Water Commission, India’s premier technical body in water resources, which is supposed to provide forecasts of floods in all flood-prone areas, failed miserably in in america analysis essay, giving any information on river flow that would have warned the design a book book report people in the downstream areas. (c) The State Department of Irrigation and Flood Control which manages State water resources and the flood control system did not monitor and maintain embankments or provide any warnings when they were breached.

This means even in the State capital, people had absolutely no idea of the impending disaster till the waters entered their houses and colonies. 2. Increasing Interventions: The encroachment of analysis, riverbeds and flood plains and the destruction of the once-abundant lakes, wetlands, marshes, flood channels and other water bodies and how to write a book in an areas exacerbated the disaster. Wetlands act as a sponge, and their loss is bound to have serious repercussions. Construction of analysis, buildings in such areas have not only made these buildings vulnerable but also reduced the flood absorption capacity of these areas, thus making other areas vulnerable too. i. A report by paper functions, the Bombay Natural History Society has mentioned that the Wularlake, once spread over 20,200 ha, has shrunk to angels in america essay, 2,400 ha. ii. The Dal Lake in Srinagar has been reduced to term on management, almost half its earlier size, to angels, 1,200 ha.

iii. According to the Centre for Science and Environment, over the last century more than 50 per cent of the lakes, ponds and essay introduction help wetlands of Srinagar have been encroached upon. iv. The banks of the Jhelum have been overrun, reducing its drainage capacity. The story is the same with the angels Tawi in Jammu. Flash floods in this river washed away some 400 buildings and inundated scores of colonies, many of for euthanasia essay introduction, them in breach of the angels in america analysis Jammu Master Plan. v. Major interventions are expected to take place in about, the Chenab and Jhelum basins including about 40 hydropower projects in in america analysis, each basin of various sizes and in various stages of development. Each of these projects involve the construction of dams, water storage, tunnels, blasting, diversion of rivers, deforestation, construction of roads and colonies, and mining of materials on about roles, a large scale, and dumping of millions of cubic metres of muck from each large project. In America Analysis. The Chenab basin is, in fact, home to the largest capacity of hydropower projects under construction in India compared to any other basin. 3. Climate change footprint:

Such extreme weather events, whose frequency is already on the rise in how to a book title in an essay, the Himalayas at a greater rate than global averages, there is an undeniable climate change footprint. There was a column in the Hindustan Times titled “Kashmir and Uttarakhand: We are a disaster when it comes to disasters” asks why we are not learning lessons from these events, and comes to the conclusion that “disaster preparedness is just not there in our DNA”. Before blame is pointed at any state or national government agency it is worth reflecting on the scale of the challenge India faces. Climate change is responsible for the increasing trend in the number and intensity of extreme weather events (reiterated again this year by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in angels analysis, their latest report). However, an extreme weather event only becomes a disaster when it hits assets and causes loss of life and research papers livelihood. Even if climate change was not a factor, scientists tell us that disasters are getting more destructive as people are more exposed to analysis, floods and other such events.

Preparing for a disaster does not just mean putting in place early warning systems and protocols for evacuations. Preparedness is fundamental to the way we plan and do development. Environmentalists and journalists are already starting to help, make claims about why the floods in Jammu and Kashmir have caused so much destruction, among them: deforestation in the catchment areas of rivers, unplanned construction in flood plains, rampant dumping of garbage in angels analysis, the rivers, and overuse of chemical fertilizers by farmers. Development should protect against the risk of disasters, rather than increasing the a book cover book report risk. This requires understanding and acting upon disaster risk in plans and decisions.

India’s 2005 Disaster Management Act calls for exactly this. So is it happening? Research from different states across India suggests progress is sporadic, uneven and only just beginning. There are many well-documented reasons why planning and development continues to sideline the risks associated with natural disasters. But, there are also opportunities, and examples of when state, district or city governments in India are getting it right. The suffering caused by disasters should ensure it becomes a political priority, but recent history suggests that the status quo returns quickly after the event. For example, in a district in Sikkim regularly affected by landslides, there is a widespread perception among communities, civil society and government officials, that where and how new roads and angels in america essay dams are being built is increasing the risk of landslides. But, political interest in write in an essay, these construction projects, and failures of the planning process, mean construction continues as usual. Understanding exactly where and how people and places are at risk is next. In Uttarakhand, a comprehensive process will soon start.

This will give the Government the evidence to identify whether to mainstream disaster risk into development initiatives and angels analysis how to do it. Identifying risk and for euthanasia introduction mitigating it is not always straightforward. For example, in Leh district in Jammu and Kashmir, the planting of trees on the edge of streams — to tackle climate change — actually exacerbated the impact of the 2010 flash floods, because the trees fell into the streams forming dams which when they broke proved disastrous. Analysis Essay. This is a classic case of why addressing climate change and essay introduction disaster risk cannot be separated. There is an assumption that it is more expensive to invest in disaster-resilient development, such as drought-resistant crops and flood proofed roads. A cost-benefit analysis for the housing sector shows this is analysis, not always the case. The cost of building homes that can withstand floods is far lower than the cost of repairing homes that cannot stand when a flood does hit. Finally, once the why and how has been addressed, then the party responsible for managing disaster risks needs to be established. In Gorakhpur district, in Utter Pradesh, data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in intensity and frequency of floods, which are now occurring almost every three to four years. Government departments there now recognize it is their shared responsibility, and for euthanasia essay are working together to address the risk of flooding.

This could be a model for others. Rather than leaving it as theory, there are opportunities now to build the angels in america risk of flooding and other natural disasters into future development programs in write essay, the Himalayas and throughout India. For example, the federal government has committed 10 billion rupees (about $164 million) for relief and reconstruction in Jammu and Kashmir. Angels In America. This is much needed, but if it were spent smartly it could also protect local communities against the risk of future flooding. Investing in development that also reduces disaster risk will help break the cycle of tragedy. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: