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black hole essays This paper begins by making a general definition of what a black hole is. The definition is write, informed by the work of physicists in relation to black holes. A study of the various texts on the subject of statement online black holes is then undertaken. This forms the literature review or the write world, body of the punctuation, paper. The topics discussed here include the world literature, formation of black holes and the various types of black holes including their defining features. The works of les miserables essay great scholars of the principles underlying the universe such as Einstein and Hawking provide great insights into the topic. This is followed by the methodology where a scientific approach is used to demonstrate the mechanisms which are presumed to be behind the concept of the black hole in a real life situation. The paper ends with a conclusion on the matter and looks at the benefits the science of the black hole has extended on mankind. Good World! The various misconceptions regarding the black hole are also discussed and a few contentious issues are clarified. Check Personal! Based on general relativity, a black hole is a place in space with a gravitational field which is so strong such that nothing, including light, can escape from world literature essay it after it has fallen beyond its event horizon.

In essence, the strong gravitational force of Transportation and Hospitality a black hole creates a situation where the escape velocity inside the write world, black hole is and prevention, faster than the speed of light. The event horizon is therefore the write good world, boundary within which the escape velocity of a black hole exceeds the speed of light (Ferguson, 1991). Les Miserables! The name black hole is essay, given to this phenomenon due to the fact the absorption of light renders the interior of the std know-how, black hole invisible and therefore an observer outside the event horizon cannot view what is happening inside the hole. The formation of black holes. According to write good world literature essay, the general theory of Transportation and Hospitality relativity, advanced by world Einstein’s, black holes are formed as a result mass being continually added to a collapsed star leading to an intensive build up of its gravitational force which causes it to close in on itself. However, the issue of how the masses add themselves upon the collapsed stars begged for check online an explanation prompting Einstein to come up with two theories to explain the phenomena.

To begin with, Einstein expounds that, as opposed to being distinct, time and space are two interrelated concepts. The two form a single continuum known as spacetime. World! One of the unique features of spacetime is that the movement object is regulated and thus they do not move around spacetime at will. They move forward in line with time and therefore they cannot alter their position in space faster than the speed of light (Melia, 2007). The theory of relativity is developed through this framework. Through the second theory, Einstein explains how mass distorts the arrangement of spacetime. Rather than move forward in time, masses cause of objects to essay, move towards them. This means that masses, in theory, bend the direction of time towards them. This is as a result of their gravity pull.

As the object draws nearer to the mass, its original path is completely altered and is aligned towards the mass. At this point the object enters the write good, point of no return referred to as the event horizon (Baez, 2004). Earth scientists attribute the black hole phenomena as being a by product of the formation of the les miserables, universe. Through theories such as the big bang theory, scientists have attempted to explain how black holes came into being. The validity of this argument is world literature essay, based on the fact that every galaxy has a supermassive black hole at the center. In recent times, the les miserables essay, behavior and characteristics of black holes have been studied closely in a bid to explain their origin. The formation of black holes is closely associated with the collapse or explosion of stars. As a result of mass loss, stars usually collapse and explode when their mass is about is about 25 times that of the sun. When this occurs, the write world literature, outer part of the star is shattered and forms part of the objects moving in space. The inner part however remains intact and collapses down.

Depending on the mass of the core and the resulting gravitational force, a black hole will be formed (Sparke Gallagher 2000). One such research conducted recently on std know-how essay the conditions of the first billion years of the universe’s history has come to a conclusion that black holes were the first to develop in the universe. This is drawn from the close relationship between the masses of the black holes and that of the central bulges of stars and gas in the universe. The ratio of central black holes to that of the bulges has been established as being the write good world literature, same or almost similar for example business case study black holes with varying masses. This suggests that the black holes and the bulges are interrelated as they affect each others growth. However, the mechanisms behind this phenomenon still remain a puzzle and research to this end is on write world essay going. Types of black holes. Black holes are usually classified according to their mass. The mass of a black hole is std know-how and prevention, proportional to its size which is typically the radius of the event horizon.

The real potential volume within the event horizon cannot be established thereby necessitating the use of the event horizon’s radius to determine the size of the black hole. Therefore using the criteria of write good world essay size and mass, black holes can be classified as; supermassive, intermediate-mass, stellar-mass and micro black holes(Ferguson, 1991). Supermassive black holes are made up of billions of solar masses and are found at the center of most galaxies including the earth’s Milky Way. They are believed to be have been formed from the merging of a number of micro black holes or through the build up of stars and gas onto their masses (Sparke Gallagher 2000). The existence of intermediate-mass black holes which are presumed to constitute thousands of example business case solar masses is the subject of speculation. The mode of their direct formation is not known and therefore it is assumed that they came into being through the collisions of black holes with lower masses. The mass of write good world stellar-mass black holes vary from a minimum mass limit of approximately 1.5-3.0 solar masses to a potential maximum of 15-20 solar masses. Check! They are formed as a result of the literature essay, degeneration of individual stars or the fusion of binary neutron stars as a result of gravitational radiation. These stars may initially have masses as high as 100 solar masses.

However, much of of a study this mass is shed in the initial stages of their collapse. Micro black holes also referred to as quantum mechanical black holes are smaller than stars in terms of their mass. The formation of small black holes is largely attributed to the big bang or the gradual degeneration of stars. Quantum mechanical effects have great bearing on the subsequent evolution of write good world literature essay micro black holes. As a result of these effects, they emit photons, gluons and electrons among other elementary particles (Melia, 2007).

This process is referred to as Hawking Radiation which eventually amounts to complete evaporation as the black hole explodes into pieces. The rate of evaporation depends on the size of the black hole; the smaller the black hole the faster the rate of evaporation. The science behind the black hole can be better understood using the following real life example. If an object is thrown into the air, it momentarily goes up before the high school, force of gravity pulls it down. The extent of the of the write good world literature, object’s vertical ascension is dependent on the force applied when throwing the object. The more force used, the higher its ascent and the longer it stays in the air. This therefore means that if appropriate force is used, the object’s velocity will overcome the and Hospitality, pull of gravity and thus it will not be forced down by the earth’s gravity. In this case, its escape velocity will have exceeded the earth’s gravity. The escape velocity of an object is directly proportional to its gravity; the stronger the gravitational field, the literature, higher the escape velocity needed to overcome the pull of gravity.

The earth’s escape velocity, which is approximately 11 kilometers/second, is lower than that of the sun due to the fact that the gravitational field of the std know-how and prevention essay, sun is higher than that of the earth. The escape velocity of an object is also directly proportional to its mass. If more mass is added to the object above, more force will be needed to overcome the pull of gravity. This therefore translates to increased escape velocity. The gravity of an object increases as more mass is added to it, and if this keeps on happening, it will reach a point where the escape velocity of the object will exceed the speed of light.

The speed of light is the optimum speed of the universe. If an good world object’s escape velocity exceeds that of light, then nothing can escape from example business study it upon being absorbed including light itself. This creates a bottomless pit without light and what goes on past the event horizon is not known (Sparke Gallagher 2000). Therefore it is referred to as a black hole. Good Literature! The research carried out in std know-how, regard to black holes has led to great discoveries in many fields of study including those physics, astronomy and earth science. Black holes have taught mankind a lot regarding the universe.

To begin with, black holes represent the write good literature, end point of matter. Black holes, unlike other astrophysical objects which have multiple parameters, have only example study three distinct physical properties; mass, charge and angular momentum. As a result, a lot of information is lost when a star degenerates to form a black hole. This contradicts the most physical theories of information where information is always reserved. This has been referred to as the black hole information paradox.

Leading physicist, Stephen Hawking has however come with a theory through which he plans to prove that information is never lost but escapes slowly over time. He also states that black holes lose mass by radiating energy in write good world essay, a process referred to as Hawking Radiation (Melia, 2007). Black holes have been aided the les miserables, study of the concepts gravity and space time to write good world essay, a large extent. Paper Rubrics School! Einstein, in his studies of the black hole, concluded that the formation of black holes led to the formation of gravitational waves similar to the waves produced when a stone is thrown in write essay, water. To date, scientists have not been able to make any formal conclusion about the generation of these waves. It has been suggested that these waves were produced as a result of the big bang. The detection of these waves will lead in great advancements in the study of gravity. It will also be possible to look go back to of a business case study, the beginning of time and therefore provide a conclusive answer to the many theories about the origins of the universe. There have been many speculations about the possibility of a supermassive black hole sucking in the earth and other planets and thus marking the end of the good essay, earth and all forms of checker grammar punctuation life in it. This is world literature essay, due to the fact that the mass of check personal a supermassive black hole may even extend to a billion times that of the sun. This means that it gravitational pull is very strong which poses a risk to other planets.

However, studies conducted on black holes so far have dismissed such theories as been unfounded. One of the key issues considered when determining the danger posed by a black hole is distance. Write Good World Essay! In this case, a black hole is only dangerous at close range. Otherwise it has been established that from a large distance, the gravity of a black hole is similar to that of a star of equal mass. There have also been fears that the sun may degenerate into a black hole. To begin with, the mass of the Transportation, sun is quite small as compared to that of stars which form black holes. As mentioned earlier, the mass of supermassive black holes might be even a billion that of the sun. Secondly, if the write good literature essay, sun was to form a black hole, it would have to collapse to a very large extent that its event horizon would have a radius of only 6 kilometers. Les Miserables Essay! Therefore this would have no fatal effects as the good essay, distance between the earth and the sun would is so huge that the latter’s gravitational force would not be felt on les miserables essay earth (Hawking, 1988). There notion that a way might be devised through which it will be possible to travel back in time through black holes. This is good literature, due to the fact that it is check, only the escape velocity of a black hole which beats the speed of light.

Black holes also have the ability to theoretically bend spacetime which is in violation of the good world literature, founding principles of the universe. This has led to the creation of the theory that a black hole may thus form a tunnel in space known as a wormhole. The worm hole is les miserables, said to be enable one travel in time. The existence a wormhole might seem likely mathematically but in the natural sense this is write world literature, not possible due to the theoretical forms of matter required for such a phenomenon. More studies are still being carried out with the hope of making a breakthrough in areas which have long remained a puzzle. Baez, J., C. (2004) Quantum Quandaries: A Category-Theoretic Perspective. University of California Press. Ferguson, K., (1991), Black Holes in Space-Time , Watts Franklin Publishers. Hawking, S., (1988), A Brief History of Time , Bantam Books. Melia., F (2007) The galactic supermassive black hole. Princeton University Press.

Sparke, L. S. Std Know-how! Gallagher J. S. (2000). Write Essay! Galaxies in the Universe: An Introduction . Research Paper Rubrics High School! Cambridge University Press. Write Good Essay! You can place an order similar to this with us. You are assured of an authentic custom paper delivered within the given deadline besides our 24/7 customer support all through.

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Laube, Linda. 1993. ERDEM, H. Esin. An Exploratory Study of Institutional Observation at Bilkent University School of English Language . Supervisor: Brenner, Patricia. 1993. ERTEN, Ismail Hakki. The Relationship Between Learners' Oral Errors and Teachers' Corrective Feedback in Three EFL Classes . Supervisor: Dr. Les Miserables. Yontz, Ruth A. 1993. GAHRAMONOVA, Raifa. A Case Study of the Role of Key Concept in Turkish Learners' Background Knowledge for Enchanting Reading Comprehension in a Specific Content Area . Supervisor: Brenner, Patricia. 1993.

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Laube, Linda. 1993. LK YILMAZ, Nuray. A Case Study of the Practicum Component in a ELT Department in Turkey . Supervisor: Brenner, Patricia. 1993. MANAYEVA, Lena. An Exploratory Study of Reading Comprehension Strategies of EFL University with Different Cognitive Styles . Of A Business Case. Supervisor: Dr. Yontz, Ruth A. 1993.

MUSAYEVA, Gulshan. Good World. A Descriptive Study of Corrective Discourse in Turkish Preparatory School EFL Classroom . Supervisor: Dr. Tannacito, Dan J. 1993. ZBILGIN, Alev. Effects of Training EFL Students in and Hospitality Metacognitive Strategies for Listening to Academic Lectures . Supervisor: Dr.

Tannacito, Dan J. 1993. ZSEVEN, Sedat. The Relationship Between Learning Strategies and Oral Performance of Turkish Graduate Sciences Students in Preparatory Programs . Supervisor: Brenner, Patricia. 1993. SAGLAM, Glderen.

The Attitudes of Some Turkish Students Toward Responses to Their EFL Writing . Supervisor: Dr. Yontz Ruth A.. 1993. SHIBLIYEV, Javanshir. Responses to Tasks Involving Make/Do Collocations by Turkic Beginning Learners of good world essay, English . Supervisor: Dr.

Laube, Linda. 1993. Essay. SAHIN, Mehmet Kadir. Error Analysis of Tense and Aspect in the Written English of Turkish Students . Supervisor: Dr. Yontz, Ruth A. 1993. SAHINKARAKAS, Sehnaz. The Reliability of Holistic and Analytic Assessment of Compositions by Turkish University EFL Preparatory Students . Supervisor: Dr. Tannacito, Dan J. 1993.

BAHE, Aysel. The Effect of Background Knowledge on the Global Writing Proficiency of write essay, EFL Students . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Of A Study. Stalker. 1992. BEHETOGULLARI, Dilek. The Effect of Teaching Methods (Deductive-Inductive) on Learners' Cognitive Style (Field Dependence-Independence) . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1992.

BILGI, Serap. Turkish University EFL Students' Attitudes Towards Non-Test Focused and Test Focused Activities in Relation to Proximity of the Test . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1992. BULUT, Dogan. The Relationship Between the Personality Traits of Introversion-Extroversion in Teachers and Student Talk in Speaking Classes, and Effects of Teacher's Gender on This Relationship . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman.

1992. DEMIRBULAK, Dilara. Learners' Perceptions in the Evaluation of an ESP Course . Supervisor: Dr. Eileen Walter. 1992. ELMAS, Belgin. An Experimental Study of Cloze and Essay Writing for write good literature Measuring Grammatical Ability of EFL Students . Personal Online. Supervisor: Dr. Eileen Walter.

1992. ERTEM, Hikmet. An Experimental Study on Cloze and Essay Writing for Measuring Grammaticalability of EFL Students . Supervisor: Dr. Eileen Walter. 1992. ISKENDEROGLU, Zeynep. The Relation Between Turkish University Students' Educational and Social Background and Their Attitude Toward Self-Directed Learning and Their Attendance at good world literature essay, Self-Access Centers . Supervisor: Dr. Eileen Walter. 1992. KIZIL, Kader.

The Relationship Between EFL Teachers' First and Second Languages Based on Judgments of Grammatical Correctness of Article Usage . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1992. KUL, Senol. The Relationship Between Teachers' and Students' Preferences for Error Correction Strategies in Classroom Conversation . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1992. OK, Selami. A Study on the Effect of Immediate Reading About a Topic on Students' Writing Proficiency . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. Paper High School. 1992.

NDER, Sibel. The Relationship Between the Evaluation of EFL Speaking Skills and Learners' Attitudes and Performance . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1992. SEZER, Mehmet.

An Investigation of Language Learning Strategies in Bilingual and EFL Monolingual Beginning Level Turkish EFL Students . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1992. SASKIN, Betl. The Interaction Between Student Responses and Aspects of Text Commented on in Revision Process in a Single-Draft and a Muti-Draft Class . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1992.

SIRIN, Bilge. The Comparison of Teacher-Generated and Student-Generated Questions as Prequestioning Techniques in EFL Classes . Supervisor: Dr. Eileen Walter. 1992. TARHAN, Meltem. An Experimental Study on literature the Effects of Frequent Testing . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker.

1992. TARHAN, Sahika. EFL Learners' Attitudes Toward Turkish-English Code-Mixing . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1992. YEMENICI, Alev. Comparison of Student Motivation, Interaction, Participation and Communication in the Structural Approach and the Communicative Approach: A Descriptive Study . Supervisor: Dr. Eileen Walter. 1992. AKGL, Mustafa.

Needs Assessment of Medical Students in ESP Courses at Erciyes University . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1991. CINEMRE, Yasar. An Investigation of Listening Comprehension Strategies in Intermediate Level Turkish EFL Students . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1991.

EKI, Hasan. Matching Learning and Teaching Styles in a Turkish EFL University Classroom and Its Effect on Foreign Comprehension of EFL Students . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1991. ELEBI, Demet. An Experimental Study of the essay Multiple-Choice Test Technique for Measuring Reading Comprehension of EFL Students . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1991. DALOGLU, Aysegl. Influence of Knowing Another Foreign Language on Learning English: Does It Increase the Use of Inferencing as a Reading Strategy and Proficiency in Reading and Iguring Vocabulary Meanings from Context ? Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1991.

GK, Sahin. Strategies of EFL Teachers and Students in Correction and world literature, Revising Composition Errors . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1991. GKSIN, Abdullah. An Assessment of Teacher Perceived Needs of ESP Students in the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science at Erciyes University . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1991.

GN, Bahar. A Study of EFL Learners Monitor-Use Based on Type of Learning Task and Rule Difficulty . Les Miserables. Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1991. KIZKIN, F. Aysun. The Attitudes of EFL Teachers and Students Towards the Use of Games in Turkish High Schools and Universities . Supervisor: William Ancker.

1991. MIZIKACI, Fatma. A Sociocultural Investigation of Speech Acts (Requests and world essay, Apologies) in Turkish and case study, English . Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1991. MUNZUR, Nazan. A Descriptive Study on the Role of Poetry as Teaching Material in write literature Developing Communicative Abilities of Students in the EFL Classroom . Transportation And Hospitality. Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. 1991. ST, Aysel.

An Experimental Study of Cloze and Retelling for Measuring Reading Comprehension of EFL Students . Write Literature Essay. Supervisor: Dr. James C. Stalker. July 1991. SAHIN, Esen. Research Paper High School. A Needs Assessment of Teachers and Students from Engineering and Tourism Departments for Designing Communicative Curriculum . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1991. TIKENCE, Mevlt. Write World Literature Essay. A Suggested Syllabus Model for a Course in Developing Reading Skills with Special Reference to the ELT Department at Gazi University . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1991. TOROS, Hlya.

A Comparison of Writing Improvement in a Traditional Approach Class as Measured Through Contextual Cohesive Devices . Supervisor: Dr. James C. And Prevention Essay. Stalker. Write Literature Essay. 1991. Transportation. TRKER, Nermin. The Use of Drama in the Communicative Approach to Foreign Language Learning . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1991. YZBASIOGLU, Tlin. Turkish University EFL Students Metacognitive Strategies and Beliefs About Language Learning . Supervisor: Dr. Lionel Kaufman. 1991.

ALTAN, Mustafa Z. A Descriptive Study of the Practicum Component in EFL Teacher Training Programs in Turkey . Good Literature. Supervisor: Dr. John R. Aydelott. 1990. ALTUN, Muharrem. A Study and Position Paper for EFL Programs in Turkey . Supervisor: Dr. Aaron S. Corton. 1990. ATAY, Sinan. Transportation. Developing Reading Materials for Graduate Level EAP (English for Academic Purposes) Courses at Ankara University . Supervisor: William Ancker.

1990. AYCAN, Nazan. Errors in Tense in the Written English of Turkish Students with Special References to write world literature the Semantic Bases . Supervisor: Dr. Aaron S. Carton. 1990. BASARAN, Oya. A Collaborative Improvement Model of and Hospitality, Supervision Developed for the Bilkent University . Supervisor: Dr. Essay. John Aydelott.

1990. BASCI, Kemal. Identification and Measurement of Speech Problems of ELT Students at Turkish Universities . Supervisor: Dr. Aaron S. Carton. 1990. BAYKAL, Yesim. Attitudes Toward Supervision and Evaluation and the Present State of EFL Supervision and Evaluation in Turkey . Supervisor: Dr.

John Aydelott. Of A Business. 1990. BAYRAKIL, Ferda. Cultural Themes in Elementary EFL Textbooks in Use in Turkey: A Content Analysis of Pictorial Representations . Supervisor: Dr. Aaron S. Corton. 1990. AKIR, Cemal. Factors that Promote Effective Speaking in Turkish Universities . Supervisor: Dr. Good Literature Essay. Aaron S. Corton.

1990. GL, Bena. Assessing the and prevention essay Effectiveness of the Advanced-Level Reading Program at world literature, the School of Foreign Languages, Department of Transportation and Hospitality, Basic English, Middle East Technical University . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1990. HSREVOGLU, Ruziye. Supervision vs. Evaluation in EFL in Turkish Universities . Supervisor: Dr.

Aaron S. Good Literature. Corton. 1990. KAYAOGLU, Naci. An Instructional Model for Using Video Effectively in Turkish EFL Settings . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1990. Statement Online. KUMRAL, Nejat. Identification of write good world, Motives for Language Study at the Police Academy . Of A Business Case Study. Supervisor: Dr. Aaron S. Corton. 1990. KKAL, Serife. Techniques for Motivating Students to Write, for Teaching Writing and for Systematizing Writing Assessment . Supervisor: William Ancker.

1990. OZMAN, Hatice. Development of a Proficiency Oriented Reading Test for Use at the Preparatory Program of world essay, ukurova University . Supervisor: Dr. Aaron S. Corton. 1990. ZMEN, Fatma. Attitudes Towards the essay Innovation of Computer Assisted Language Instruction at Turkish Universities . Supervisor: Dr.

Aaron S. Corton. 1990. SAVASAN, Sule. Affective Factors in EFL Learning at the Hazirlik Programs of the Turkish Universities . Supervisor: William Ancker. 1990. TERCANLIOGLU, Leyla.

Needs Assessment of the Organization and Operations of the write world English as a Foreign Language Department at Atatrk University . Transportation. Supervisor: Dr. John R. Aydelott. 1990.

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The 10 Best MP3 Players For Running of 2017. Music is essay, a great way to kick-start your workout routine and keeps you pumped as you power through it. Finding THE BEST MP3 PLAYER FOR RUNNING can be challenging; this is why we gathered this list of the best 10 MP3 players for checker running of 2017; and done the research; to write world essay, make it easy for essay checker punctuation you to pick the most convenient MP3 player. When it comes to running MP3 players; the smaller the MP3 player is the better, also, the MP3 Player should be durable, have a clip on the back, easy button placement, good battery life, and a convenient price. You will find a comparison table below, with all the information available to make your comparisons, accompanied by a comprehensive review with everything that you need to know about the MP3 player you’re going to buy. Best MP3 Players for Running Comparison. *Playtime varies depending on volume and audio content. *Prices are subject to change occasionally and we will endeavor to do our best to write world literature, keep them regularly updated. #1 Best for Running: SanDisk Clip Sport. Sansa clip sport is check personal, a small MP3 player for essay running with a clip on the back, from the name we can tell that it is designed for sport maniacs, because of the paper high, features it delivers. The first thing you’ll notice when you hold the Clip Sport running MP3 player is the lightweight; it weighs 1 ounce / 28 grams, about a quarter of a small apple.

It is write good world literature, very similar to the newest sports MP3 player A12, made by AGPtEK. The square colored LCD screen is 1.44” inch 128 x 128, a bit bigger than the Clip Zip model; you’ll notice the color you picked is applied only to the center button and the circled edge of the device. There are two popped up buttons on the face of the device; one is the essay, center ‘select’ button, and the other is the return or go back button (marked with an arrow), also there are four directional face buttons, to navigate through the device, change and forward tracks, and the menu button is write world essay, located below. When you turn it to the right side, you’ll see a 3.5mm headphone jack port, and std know-how and prevention, SD card port in case you’d like to expand the memory, in the left side there is a Micro-USB port to good essay, charge the device or connect it to std know-how and prevention essay, a PC to world essay, sync the music, the volume control buttons are located little bit down. It comes with two different storage options; 4GB and 8GB, and both they have an and Hospitality, SD card expansion up to write good, 32GB, If you are on budget, I suggest you skip buying the 8GB model and go for of a study the 4GB instead, and slide-in your own memory card to double or triple the write good essay, storage at and prevention essay a lower cost. This accessory has an world literature essay, FM radio built-in, which has very good reception and you can choose mono (if u use one ear-bud), it has a stopwatch and timer to help you keep track of essay punctuation your workout, also it has the functionality of playing Audiobooks and podcasts smoothly.

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– USB to Micro-USB cable. – Quick start guide. #2 The Smallest: iPod Shuffle 4 th Generation. iPod Shuffle 4 th generation is small and good world literature, lightweight MP3 player, built for the athlete or a person on the go, it has a strong clip to example of a, attach to your shirt, I find it more helpful when I hook the shuffle to the top of my running/ workout pants, so I wouldn’t have to deal with the swinging wires. iPod Shuffle 4 th generation 2015 model comes with 2GB storage, without any expandable memory. It also arrives with 5 different colors to choose from, Blue, Pink, Silver, Gold, and Space Gray, the world literature, 2012 model has those colors in essay addition to 4 (Green, Red, Orange and Purple) Apple eliminated those colors from 2015 models, because she thinks that the 5 chosen colors are the popular ones.

The build quality of iPod Shuffle is great, I dropped it many times, and once, I have washed it with my training pants, I thought it would be gone, but it seems to write literature essay, be working, maybe because it was in a my pants pocket, I wouldn’t try it again, so, don’t try it because it is not waterproof. It also comes with a solid clip that doesn’t get loose easily, sometimes when I attach it to my clothing, I touch the previous button which will result in changing tracks, this happens because the button is essay, so close to the edge of the device. When Apple launched iPod Shuffle, they made sure to good world essay, compensate the none existence of display by putting the Voice Over functionality, so, when you are jogging you, just click the example study, Voice Over button and hear what song is good literature, playing, and paper high, change playlists. To use Voice Over on iPod Shuffle 4 th generation, you need to make sure that it is enabled in the iTunes app in Mac or PC; under section voice feedback, from there you can also set what language, you would like the shuffle to play. Single click: Name of artist and song currently playing. Double click: Battery status Click and hold: Switch playlists. The previous model of the iPod Shuffle (3 rd generation) had no physical buttons, the only way to change the tracks or volume was through the headphones. Now, iPod Shuffle 4G has a wheel control buttons, Volume Up/ Down, Next/ Previous song, Fast Forward/ Rewind, when you hit any button you hear the good world literature essay, click.

Next to the headphone jack port, (charging port), there is a small light indicator, and and prevention essay, next to it, there is the Voice Over button, and next to it there is the turn On/Off button, when you slide it a degree to left it will turn On, and when you slide it another time you will have the shuffle mode. If you can pass the 2GB un-expandable storage, and good literature, you’re looking for paper rubrics high a small and stylish MP3 player for running, then iPod Shuffle 4G is the best. Features and Specifications. 2GB built-in memory Multiple refreshed colors Lightweight Super tiny High quality aluminum looks Durable Voice Over Shuffle Battery lasts up to write good world, 15 hours. No expandable storage It’s little bit expensive compared to check personal statement, 2GB models of other brands. – iPod Shuffle 4 th Generation MP3 player. AGPtEK G02 is the write world literature, first sport MP3 player made by AGPtEK, it was released in the last quarter of 2015, being a newcomer, AGPtEK G02 brought some good features to essay, compete with the best MP3 players for good world literature essay running. This black MP3 player has a blue edge surrounding the good size button, which are very intuitive and have a good feedback when you press them, it has the play/ pause in the middle, next track/ forward button in the right, previous track/ rewind in the left, and volume controls up and down. It’s small MP3 player with a rubbery feel, it’s a lightweight and has a clip to attach to your favorite spot, the build quality seems to be durable, but we can’t really tell since it’s a newcomer, we’ll have to wait and see how it holds up against excessive use and summer heat. AGPtEK G02 comes with 8GB of personal statement online internal storage, it can hold up to 2000 song, depending on essay the quality and length of the songs, it supports WMA and MP3 format, if you like to put audio books just make sure they are in the extensions mentioned, or convert them to. It comes with a reset button in the back, just like the SoundDot, press it with a needle for 10 seconds and std know-how and prevention, it will reset.

I’m impressed that AGPtEK bared to world literature, include a good quality earphones with this MP3 player, they won’t replace your Sentey Earbuds or Jaybird X2, But they are comfortable and have an ear hook, so they’ll stay snug fit while working out and jogging, and they have also volume controls. This MP3 player has a dedicated shuffle button in essay the side just like iPod shuffle, and essay, has an personal statement, FM Radio built-in, to write world literature, turn it on just slide the business study, button from the note icon to where FM is engraved. The battery holds up to 9 hours on full charge, which will take between 2 to 3 hours to charge. Uploading songs to this device is super fast, you just drag and drop. If you’re looking for write world literature essay an easy to use sport MP3 player that has a clip to and Hospitality, attach to world literature essay, your T-shirt while running, and research paper high, has an FM radio built-in and holds a lot of songs, you should consider AGPtEK G02 because it can deliver that at very competitive price. Features and Specifications. 8GB built-in memory Intuitive buttons Lightweight Clip FM Radio Shuffle mode Great value for the money Battery lasts up 10 hours. No MicroSD card option The earphones are low quality. – AGPtEK G02 MP3 player.

SanDisk Clip Jam has been released in write literature essay May of 2015, and it has the same size as Sansa Clip+, and the clip is mounted in the back as well. This first generation of research paper rubrics high school SanDisk Clip Jam has a lot of improvements in style, in literature essay performance and personal statement online, also in battery life. SanDisk Clip Jam has a monochromatic screen that shows only the info we’re actually interested in (Artist Name/ Track Title). This model of Clip Jam consists of 5 Fresh colors; Black, Blue, Orange, Green and Pink. This unit was built from plastic, to world literature essay, be honest, it doesn’t feel like any expensive material, it feels flimsier, this is probably why the lower the price, still, it stands up very well when it is performing. Also, this MP3 player can play music at the same time while charging, a point I like to say especially for car users. Using this MP3 Player, I noticed that it refreshed media really fast, it plays both WMA and MP3 file formats, which are pretty much the standards these days, also transferring files to rubrics, the unit is fast, and it has a clean sound. It already comes with 8GB of memory on-board, in good world other words, it can store up to 2000 songs, if each song is paper high, 3.5 minutes long, but if somehow you need additional memory, you can add up to write world, 32 GB using the Micro SDHC card. Memorizing where it left off. In most cases it doesn’t matter, but when it comes to 3 hours or 10 hour audiobook, my MP3 player, better remember where it left off.

Even though there is no feature to bookmark 5 or 10 permanent positions at specific points, SanDisk Clip Jam remembers where it left off, so even after pausing or powering off the device; it will resume it from the last point. An MP3 player with no lock feature is nothing, especially if used when running or working out. When you want to lock your SanDisk Clip Jam, press and hold the back button, and it’s the same way when you want to unlock it, just keep in mind that the power On/Off will still function even with the essay, lock on. The SanDisk Clip Jam offers many features, from a large on-board memory with a longer battery life, it’s an affordable option to listen to literature essay, music on the go, which makes it one of the best budget MP3 players of check statement online 2015. Features and Specifications. 4GB built-in Very compact FM Radio built-in with presets Audiobook and Podcast Support Shuffle Lock button Sleep mode Micro SD card expansion (up to write good world essay, 32GB) Battery lasts up to 18 hours Inexpensive. The power button is in research high school the face of the world, device.

– SanDisk Clip Jam. – Quick Start Guide. Even though Sony markets Walkman NWZ W273 for swimmers, because it is waterproof, people with excessive sweat, can benefit a lot from personal this, it comes with 2 different storage options, 4GB and 8GB, it can hold up to 1000 song, and world literature essay, it’s wire free, so, you don’t have to deal with dangling wires. Sony made Walkman NWZ W273 to be a snug fit, you just put it on your ears, and adjust the loop behind your head to the way it feels comfortable, and it stays exactly in statement online place so you don’t have to fuss with it while you’re working out. It comes with an additional ear buds, in case the original one doesn’t fit, the ear buds provided, seal-in the sound, so, you can concentrate more on your workout. The sound quality is write good literature essay, good, though it lacks a bit of bass. You can create your playlists in Windows Media Player and rubrics high school, sync them, also you can drag and good essay, drop music from your computer to the device easily, without having to download any additional software. Sony Walkman NWZ W273 is a simple and waterproof MP3 player, which you can use in running, working out, lap swimming, or water aerobics. If you like to checker punctuation, work out on the rain or you sweat a lot, it makes sense to have a waterproof MP3 player, the Sony Walkman NWZ W273 performs excellent under water. After reading some reviews on Amazon about this model, I found that a couple of write guys lost the sound on statement one ear of the device, after digging, it turned out that after removing the fabric on the tip of the ear, it fixes the problem, and it may have something to do with saturated sweat residue, or ear wax residue. Also, there is another user who found that this model and I quote “Only wireless MP3 player that hasn’t died to my sweat when running” it may be not the perfect MP3 player for running, but, it is one of the world literature, best recommendations one can get.

Sony implemented a quick charge feature in Sony Walkman NWZ W273; when you charge your device for 3 minutes it delivers up to 60 minutes of playback. The battery lasts up to check statement online, 8 hours, and it takes 1.5 hours to write good world literature essay, fully charge using the charging dock that came with it. One must make sure the device is completely dry, before connecting the high school, MP3 player charging dock. Sony stopped the production of walkman NWZ W273; which made the write world essay, price highly increase, but, if you are the type of person, that sweat too much, then, you may want to consider Sony’s NWZ W273 or cheap waterproof MP3 players. Features and online, Specifications. 4GB built-in memory Waterproof/ Sweat proof Wire Free Shuffle Clean sound Sung fit 3 min quick charge (lasts 60 min) Battery lasts up to 8 hours. It’s the expensive MP3 player on this list (because Sony stopped its production) Low bass. – Sony NWZ W273 MP3 player.

– Earbuds with different sizes (Small, Medium, Large) – Quick start guide. – Notes on water resistant specifications. SanDisk Sansa Clip+ comes in 5 different colors, Black, White, Blue, Red (Brownish) and Purple. It combines the best sound quality, and multiple features with affordable price.

Every little success you see Clip Sport, or Clip Jam have today, is Due to Sansa Clip+, it became the write good world essay, first successful MP3 Player SanDisk ever made, and it was more than once, listed on the Amazon Best Seller list in electronics. When you un-box the Sansa Clip+ you’ll have to peel off a screen protector image that protects the display from scratching. Sansa Clip+ is and Hospitality, a small MP3 player, it’s not as small as a shuffle, but, to an MP3 player with a screen it is small. The MP3 Player is made of plastic, it’s lightweight and durable, and you don’t have to worry about shattering the glass if it fell, this is one of the write good world, many reasons runners looks for in MP3 player. It has a simple, straight forward buttons; the square track-pad in the middle makes it easier to navigate without looking at the player, especially for runners. It has a smooth UI design, very intuitive and straight forward. Sansa Clip+ has a Radio FM built-in, it has a good reception, it picks up stations easily, though it might miss some weak channels, when you auto-scan them, just remember that your earphones play the role of essay grammar antenna. You can preset your favorite channels (up to 40 stations) and also you can record from radio channels, it’s that handy.

Sansa Clip+ has a recording feature, and the sound is very good and clear. Every audio you will record, will be saved in WAV format, and given a file name consists of the date and time 011611-080123, 011711-103474. Having those audio files in WAV, makes it handier to transfer to write world, your Computer or laptop and example of a, play from there as well. Putting music on MP3 Player/ Playing songs. You can put music on MP3 Player, by syncing your favorite playlists through Winamp or Windows Media Player, though Winamp is good, better and more accurate (bug free), or you can drag and les miserables essay, drop your audio files to your MP3 Player. You can filter playing your songs by Artist, Album, Genre, A to Z, Year, History and good world literature, recently added.

Files on case Micro SD card integrate seamlessly with the on board memory, also you have the world literature, option to Transportation and Hospitality, play songs that are on the MP3 Player memory or an SD card separately. If you’re looking an MP3 Player with a screen, FM Radio and memory you can expand, then, Sansa Clip+ can offer this at good world essay very competitive price. Features and Specifications. 4GB built-in memory FM Radio Built-in with presets Support Audiobooks Smooth interface Recording Shuffle Micro SD Expansion (up to 16GB) Battery lasts up to school, 15 hours Good value for the money. No cap on the Micro SD slot Since it is discontinued by good world literature manufacturer, price gets speculated.

– Quick start guide. When you first hold the Transportation and Hospitality, GoGear Raga you will notice its premium build quality, it comes in various colors to choose from, it has a 128 x 64 display, a big sized and very easy to use menu buttons, play/pause button is surrounded with the volume controls and tracks changing buttons, to skip through songs and write literature essay, fast forward a song or rewind it, and also there is a 3 bar icon where the and prevention, menu is located. On the top there is a power button to switch ON/OFF, and just next to it, there is a small dent if you decide to put a string on world literature it, to make it more portable, the 3.5mm audio jack port is located at the bottom next to a micro USB port, which you can use to std know-how and prevention essay, charge the device and to transfer your mp3 audio files. GoGear Raga comes in write good literature Black, Red, Pink, Blue and Purple. Features and Performance. Uploading MP3, WAV and WMA songs is simple, you can drag your audio files from paper school your computer and drop them into your mp3 player that easily, or if you like to manage your songs in an organized manner just like iTunes, Philips offers its customers Songbird software to do that, granted free of charge. From the Menu button you can set and customize your device to be more personal, you can change brightness level, theme color, set a shuffle mode, and write good world, navigate through your playlists and more. It comes with an example of a business, FM radio built-in, simply tune into the station you want to preset, press and hold the Play/ Pause button to memorize it.

It has a quick charge feature, 6 minutes will allow you up to 60 minutes of playback, at least that’s what Philips claims, but from my personal experience, I found that it gives me about half that time or two thirds, because I like to listen to music at high volume, and if you use radio instead of write world literature essay playing the music you have, it will consume more battery, because of the time it takes to set and look for the FM frequency and establish a connection to it. Philips uses a special sound function, they call it Sound Full, and you can tell the of a business case, difference when listening to songs or podcasts, especially if paired with a good quality headphones. As the case with all MP3 players, sometimes it will not respond and just freeze, to good world literature essay, fix this issue you can reset it using the small reset button located in essay the bottom of the device. What I like most about Philips, is that they stand behind their products and they have a good support tools on their website, the free Songbird to sync music to my MP3 player, and in case I have a firmware problem with my device, I can go to write good world literature essay, my product page and download the firmware Philips GoGear Software, which will erase every data you have on your device, at least your MP3 player will work again more efficient. As the case with most new Philips MP3 players, Raga also features the 6 minute quick charge, which will allow up to 60 mins. The battery lasts up to 15 hours, and the full cycle charge takes 2 to checker grammar, 3 hours. Overall, GoGear Raga MP3 player is write good world essay, solid and durable MP3 player, and the Full Sound function Philips uses, makes this device one of the best budget MP3 players. Features and Specifications. 4GB built-in LCD screen FM radio built-in Plays MP3, WAV and WMA files Quick charge Long battery life Great sound quality Durable. – GoGear Raga MP3 player. – Quick start guide.

Philips designed the GoGear SoundDot for those who want a basic MP3 player, with no screen, less buttons, just turn it on and play the music. Simplicity and Ease of use. This device is simple yet very easy to use, it has only 3 buttons; Play/ Pause, changing tracks, and changing volume. When the device is on, you have a light indicator which flashes in Green, Orange or Red, depending on the battery status. The SoundDot has a USB connector hidden by rubrics high a clip, a feature we miss in nowadays MP3 players. Syncing songs is simple, just drag and write good world essay, drop files into the MP3 folder location, you can add up to 400 songs in the 2GB built-in storage. The MP3 digital player is Transportation and Hospitality, a lightweight device which comes with a clip, to attach it to clothes easily, I attached it to good essay, my shorts around the belt, while doing some intense cardio, and Transportation and Hospitality, I have to good world, say that I am impressed that it didn’t fall or become loose. It is les miserables essay, one of the smallest MP3 players out there, and competes in a low price range.

This MP3 digital player is a compact mp3 player, it’s simple and cheap, and it does what MP3 players do “play music” and the sound is loud and clear. I found 99 customer reviews at the time of writing this, and they had awarded the write good world essay, GoGear SoundDot 4.1 stars out of 5. The customer reviews on Amazon are positive overall, but there were a few people like me, who wanted for this MP3 player to have a “lock” feature, that’s the study, only complaint we have. For the price tag, sound quality and durability, you’ll get a good deal with the GoGear SoundDot. When the device is powered on/off, you’ll see a flash light indicator of the battery status, Green/ Full, Orange/ Low and literature, Red/ Very low. The battery lasts up to 6 hours, and 6 minutes of charging will give you 60 minutes of playback. The GoGear SoundDot is pretty basic portable MP3 player, it might not look or feel like an research, iPod shuffle, but it makes a good alternative.

2GB built-in memory Simple and easy to use Shuffle mode Integrated USB 2.0 connector Integrated clip Power indicator Reset button (press and hold the write good literature essay, pin hole in the back for checker a 5 to 10 seconds) Inexpensive. – GoGear SoundDot MP3 player. The design of write world essay Philips GoGear FitDot comes very similar to the SoundDot, but without a USB plug integrated, the MP3 player comes only in orange, and has a small clip and a battery light indicator, it plays most standards audio files (MP3, WMA and WAV). This device has 3 control buttons, play/ pause in the middle, decreasing volume/ previous track in rubrics school the left and increasing volume/ next track on the right. Skipping songs is the write good literature, tricky part, normal MP3 players will play the next or previous song when you press the essay grammar punctuation, left or right button, but with this MP3 player, it will increase or decrease the volume, in write good essay order to skip to the next song you have to press and hold the 2 dots button for Transportation a couple seconds till you hear a beep, pressing and world essay, hold of the and Hospitality, 1 dot button will skip to the previous song.

The good thing Philips did is to include an adjustable armband in case one likes to strap it to good literature essay, the arm, it’s really nice and have a rubber casing, so the device would fit in. The earphones in the other hand, are descent, they hook over Transportation and Hospitality, the ear for more stability while running, but they are not comfortable. Wearing only the write good world, GoGear FitDot feels light and great, especially with the checker punctuation, small clip in the back. FullSound/ Uploading Songs. Like all recent MP3 players made by Philips, the GoGear FitDot comes with FullSound audio enhancement to write, deliver a better sound quality, and quick charge feature. You don’t need to use Songbird to essay, sync music, you can copy your MP3 files and paste them straight to the MP3 player, but in write good world order to restore the device or upgrade the firmware Songbird is necessary. If you can pass the unfriendly navigation of the GoGear FitDot, you probably going to like the idea that it comes with an personal statement, armband, and shuffle mode, but if you like to skip songs more often while running, there are better alternatives with friendly navigation at the same price range and maybe less.

Features and Specifications. 4GB built-in memory Small clip Lighweight Armband Designed for sport Shuffle mode Quick charge (6min =60min) Built-in memory. Unfriendly navigation The hook over the ear might be a problem for some. – Philips GoGear FitDot MP3 Player. – USB charging cable. – Quick start guide. Lonve Clip MP3 player has an attractive aesthetic appealing design; it has a strong clip to write good world, attach to checker grammar punctuation, your workout clothing, it has an good, LCD screen that supports viewing pictures, videos, E-books, above all that it has some silly games, in case one likes to kill boredom, but this is essay, not the write good literature essay, reason why it’s on our list. The Lonve Clip has a dedicated turn on/off button on the right side next to les miserables, the Micro SD card slot which can hold up to 32GB, from the left side, there is a play/ pause button, and there is write world, a menu button, you use it mainly to select your options while navigating through folders and grammar, lists. The next/ forward, and previous/ rewind buttons are located at the bottom of the device and between them there is a volume button, when you press it, you can set the literature essay, volume using the left or right buttons. Overall, the control buttons have a nice feedback, but will take you some time to std know-how, get used to them, but what makes this MP3 stand up is the good essay, 30 hours battery Lonve claim to have. Navigating and Folders List.

When you unbox the example business, Lonve Clip you will notice that it has Ruizu name tagged in the display. Once you turn on world literature essay your device you will see the following folders: Music, Game, E-book, AMV (video), Record, Voice, FM Radio, Photo, and Setup. It supports MP3, WMA, and of a business case study, WAV audio files, also, JPG extension for pictures and AMV for write literature essay videos, the les miserables, screen resolution is low, however, for the price, it’s good, the reception of FM radio is good when it’s working but not reliable. This device has a microphone located in the back of the device, when you record something it will be saved with WAV extension and world essay, it will be stored in Voice folder, from check online there you can listen to it or delete it. Transferring Files into the Device. You can plug the Lonve Clip to your computer using the world literature essay, Micro USB cable provided in the box, once it’s connected, you will see a bunch of folders, each one presents a specific category as mentioned above, you can sync songs onto the MP3 player using Windows Media Player, or drag and drop them into a specific folder. All in all, Lonve Clip is a compact, lightweight MP3 player, if you’re mainly going to use it as a portable device to listen to music, but if you plan to benefit from the checker grammar, other features to the maximum, there are better alternatives. Features and Specifications.

Control functions are not intuitive No lock button. – Lonve Clip MP3 Player. – USB charging cable. 23 thoughts on “ The 10 Best MP3 Players For Running of 2017 ” just what i was looking for.

Glad that you liked the world literature essay, article #128578; Very informative, my friend has the iPod shuffle and speaks so high of it ,I will be getting the iPod for now. Yes the check personal statement online, iPod shuffle 4G is great choice Maria, it’s simple, light, stylish and essay, has Apple quality. Your style is very unique in comparison to example case study, other folks I have read stuff from. Write World? Thanks for paper rubrics high school posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this site. You’re welcome Star Havely, I really appreciate it. Just a smiling visitor here to share the enjoy (:, btw outstanding layout. Great post, you have pointed out write good essay some great details , I also believe this s a very superb website.

Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to of a business case study, one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and write good world literature, fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are. glad I found this. Very helpful information. I am trying to find a MP3 player that has Bluetooth to hook up to my Bose wireless ear buds.

Obviously I can use my phone but I am after something that is smaller and personal statement online, can clip on. Is there such a thing? We have an article about 7 Best MP3 Players with Bluetooth While we did our research about this subject we couldn’t find any Bluetooth MP3 Player that has a clip, and we picked the best affordable MP3 Players. 2 solutions to choose from: 1- if you’re fan of apple, and you like the write good essay, iPod Nano 7th generation, there is std know-how essay, a clip case for it on write good literature Amazon costing somewhere between $5 to $15 here is a link to punctuation, the cheapest one http://amzn.to/29an0qi. 2- or you can pick a Bluetooth MP3 player that has a pinhole to keep it attached to your clothing or personal belongings. While you read the reviews in mentioned article, you will find the following MP3s have a pinhole: Philips GoGear Ariaz/Azure, AGEPtEK A06s, Ruizu X06… etc. Sandisk Clip Sport Plus is write good literature essay, a Bluetooth enabled, clip mp3 player. It comes with no SD card, but is 16 gb of storage so shouldn’t need one. It cost me $49 at bestbuy (red version, black was $47 but out of stock at the time) and they price match if you find it cheaper somewhere else.

I haven’t bought bluetooth headphones for it yet, but the std know-how and prevention, wired ones work great… it has a stopwatch, lap counter, fm radio, etc… all the things the other sandisk clips have. My only negative review on this, and it is limited as this is the first mp3 player I have bought outside of my cell phones (note 5 was too big to run with) is good, this. Making playlists is personal, a royal PITA. Literature Essay? You have to business case, find a playlist maker that can read mp3, mp4, m4a, aac, ogg, etc, as many songs are in various formats. THEN after ensuring all those are enabled, so you can copy your songs from your folder on your pc to your playlist generator, you have to ensure it is using “relative” filepath instead of “absolute”. World Literature Essay? This means it won’t save your playlist using C://blah blah/blah blah, but rather /music/filename so the les miserables essay, sandisk can read it. Many playlist generators have one or both issues that cannot be remedied. The directions for sandisk specifically list WMP with directions, probably because so many others had issues. World Essay? You also have to save the Transportation, playlist as .m3u format, and copy the good world essay, list with all the check online, songs into write literature the “playlist” folder on the player.

Several hours later… after multiple players/playlists issues, time reading on the web, etc… and my playlists work. I still am not entirely sold on les miserables essay the strength of the write world literature essay, clip… it holds onto the elastic of my shorts ok, but i keep the paper school, player inside the wasteband and the clip on the outside, because it was flimsy and bouncing around when jogging. sleeve didn’t work, and world literature essay, unless you like stretched out t-shirts, the neck doesn’t work either. I am looking now for a case for std know-how and prevention essay it, for literature armband, which sort of of a case study defeats the purpose of a clip type mp3 player to begin with… Hope this helps. Thanks for your useful information and review Shanon about the Sandisk Clip Sport Plus. The difficulty in making playlists on the ClipSport is the world literature essay, reason I am here. I need an alternative. I would not advise anyone to buy the ClipSport. It gets even more complicated if you use an SD card to expand memory and les miserables essay, want to play the songs off the card. Write Good World Literature Essay? A total waste of business study time. I’m trying to find a relatively inexpensive MP3 player for running and this seems like a good list to write good world essay, choose from.

Are any of essay grammar these compatible with Rhapsody? I don’t think anyone one of this MP3 players is compatible with Rhapsody, because it uses Digital Rights Management. However, if you want to enjoy the songs you downloaded from Rhapsody, you might want to consider a third party option (Audio Converter) the author Alex made an article of good literature essay how to paper school, convert Rhapsody songs to an MP3 format, so it can be played by any MP3 player or iPod. I hope my answer with sufficient to good literature, your inquiry. This was really great to read. Research Rubrics High School? Thank you! The one thing you could list as a “con” for the Philips Gogear Raga is good literature essay, that if you accidentally drop it in the tub, it is checker, likely dead forever. I know that isn’t one of the criteria for testing it, but mine went into the tub for several seconds, and now it scrolls through different sections of the menu, shuts itself off, and turns itself on. I’ve tried resetting it and nothing is working. I love the player, but it likely won’t survive excessive water from literature essay any source. I don’t know if running in the rain will kill the player or not.

I had one of those long little Philips ones before this one, and it also went into the tub, but I was able to recover it afterwards. I know the moral to my story is keep mp3 players away from the checker, bathtub. Maybe it would have died eventually anyway, since I’ve had it for several years. Unfortunately they discontinued most of good literature their line. Of A Case? I don’t want a player that requires you have a particular music source (like the Apple ones) and I don’t think lacking a screen would do the good, trick, either. Check Statement Online? (like Apple again, and the Fitdot). You’re right Stacey, if the Philips GoGear Raga been dropped in bathtub, it is likely dead, because it’s not waterproof MP3 player. You could always try to clean the water off, by opening the MP3 Player and write world essay, dry it by the hairdryer. The only essay checker punctuation waterproof MP3 player that could survive the bathtub in this list is: the write good world literature, Sony NWZ W273S.

There is a new MP3 player called “AGPtEK A12” it’s quite similar to the Philips GoGear Raga and more identical to online, the Sansa Clip line if you’re interested in world new suggestions. 12 Best Waterproof MP3 Players for Swimming. If you want to see the best waterproof MP3 players in one place, then you’ll LOVE this guide. Just like reading some people gain more inspiration from the music they listen to while swimming; resulting in better performance and example business study, peace. 11 Best MP3 Players With Bluetooth. I think you’ll agree with me when I say: It’s REALLY hard to find a good, reliable Bluetooth MP3 player that fits within an acceptable price range as well as be the right size. We have brought an good world essay, extensive list. 10 Best Car MP3 Players FM Transmitters. If you’re looking for an FM transmitter/ car MP3 player, then you’re in the right place. A mere handful of people might admit to being okay with not having music in their car, while driving, but most of us music.

Music is a great way to kick-start your workout routine and keeps you pumped as you power through it. Finding THE BEST MP3 PLAYER FOR RUNNING can be challenging; this is why we gathered this list of the best 10 MP3. Children these days are harder to please, and finding the best and and Hospitality, most suitable MP3 player for your toddler/preschooler can be a very daunting task. The team at write literature MP3 Player Advisor has put together a list of these, guiding you. 10 Best Portable Hi-Res Audio Players. Best Portable Hi-Res Audio Players are great for les miserables essay audiophiles, and people who appreciate the details in sound. And mostly people who can tell the write literature, difference in sound quality, between a regular MP3 and a lossless audio format.

But, they may not be.

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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on write world literature essay, Your Resume. Example Of A Business Case Study? The competitive climate of the good literature, job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. Les Miserables? College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for good world literature essay, any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to paper rubrics school, focus on accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on good essay, their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is std know-how and prevention essay, how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in good, question. Of A? Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to essay, simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of statement online MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to write good literature essay, see concrete examples of those skills in action. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily.

However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into Transportation and Hospitality your explanation of write good literature essay job duties and how those specific skills played an important part. The challenge is and Hospitality, greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of write good world work for an extended period of time. And Hospitality? For these professionals, the task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to write good, a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the candidate brings to the table.

Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of essay checker grammar punctuation skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Write World Literature Essay? Employers will want to example of a, know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. Write Good World Essay? The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for instance, would need to highlight customer service and relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and les miserables essay, concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in a collaborative environment.

If the job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to write good world literature essay, want to show off your top-notch planning abilities. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for example of a case, by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is you do as a leader and good world, how you guide your employees toward success. Check Personal Statement? To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and good world essay, the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and and Hospitality, directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and good essay, achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results.

Social media is check online, one of the most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for jobs in a variety of fields. Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for write world literature, new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Paper Rubrics High? Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by world literature referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the brand#39;s community; creates and check, executes content strategies; drives engagement and leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey.

Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in essay, the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily. Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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colleage essay A SHORT GUIDE TO THE. AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM. The United States is - by size of electorate - the second largest democracy on the globe (India is the largest and Indonesia comes third) and the most powerful nation on earth, politically, economically and militarily, but its political system is in many important respects unlike any other in the world. Write Essay! This essay then was written originally to inform non-Americans as to how the American political system works. What has been striking, however, is how many Americans - especially young Americans - have found the essay punctuation essay useful and insightful. There is considerable evidence that many Americans know and good understand little about the political system of their own country - possibly more than is the case with any other developed democratic nation. In the U.S., the and Hospitality National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) tests what American students are learning.

It has found that the two worst subjects for American students are civics and American history. One NAEP survey found that only 7% of eighth graders (children aged 13-14) could describe the three branches of government. On one of my trips to the United States, I was eating cereal for breakfast and found that the whole of the write good reverse side of the Transportation and Hospitality cereal packet was devoted to a short explanation of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the American government. Good World Essay! I find it hard to imagine that many democratic nations would feel it necessary to explain such a subject in check personal statement such a format. It is write essay, probably more importamt than ever than both Americans and non-Americans understand the fundamentals of the American political system because, in Donald Trump, we have a US President who is behaving quite unlike his predecessors and effectively challenging the famed constitutional system of 'checks and balances'. So I hope that this explanation helps . To understand any country's political system, it is helpful to know something of the history of the les miserables nation and the background to the creation of the (latest) constitution. But this is a fundamental neccesity in the case of the American political system. This is because the Constitution of the United States is so different from those of other nations and good world literature because that Constitution is, in all material respects, the same document as it was over two centuries ago. There were four main factors in the minds of the 'founding fathers' who drafted the US Constitution: The United States had just fought and Transportation won a bloody War of write Independence from Britain and it was determined to create a political system that was totally different from the British system in which considerable authority still resided in a hereditary King (George III at the time) or Queen and in which Parliament was increasingly assertive in the exercise of its growing powers. Essay Grammar Punctuation! Therefore the new constitution deliberately spread power between the three arms of government - executive, legislature and judiciary - and ensured that each arm was able to limit the exercise of power by the other arms.

The United States was already a large country with problems of essay communications and a population of varied background and education. Therefore, for all the intentions to be a new democracy, it was seen as important to les miserables essay, limit the good literature essay influence of business study swings in write good essay public opinion. So the election of the president was placed in the hands of an Electoral College, rather than the subject of direct election, and the terms of office of the Transportation president and the two chambers of the legislature were all set at different lengths. The United States was the creation of 13 individual states, each of which valued its traditions and powers, and so the overarching federal government was deliberately limited in its powers compared to the position of the central government in other nations. Arguably the later Civil War was about states' rights more than it was about slavery and there is still a real tension today between the states and federal government. The original 13 states of the USA were of very different size in terms of population and from the beginning there was a determination by the smaller states that political power should not be excessively in the hands of the write good larger states. Essay! Therefore the Constitution is built on a 'Great Compromise' between the Virginia plan (representation by population) and the New Jersey plan (equal representation for all states) which resulted in the House of Representatives being constructed on the basis of population and the Senate being composed of an equal number of representatives regardless of population. This is why today six states have only one member in the House of Representatives but two members in the Senate. Whatever the 'founding fathers' intended, the sheer longevity of the Constitution and the profound changes in America since its drafting means that today the good literature balance of power is not necessarily what the drafters of the Constitution had in mind. So originally the legislature was seen as the most powerful arm of government (it is described first in the Constitution) but, over time, both the checker punctuation Presidency (starting with the time of Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War) and the Supreme Court (especially on social issues like desegregation, marriage and abortion) have assumed more power.

Unlike Britain but like most nation states, the American political system is clearly defined by good essay basic documents. The Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the Constitution of 1789 form the foundations of the std know-how essay United States federal government. The Declaration of Independence establishes the United States as an independent political entity, while the Constitution creates the basic structure of the federal government. Both documents are on display in the National Archives and Records Administration Building in write good literature Washington, D.C. which I have visited several times. Further information on std know-how the thinking expressed in write good world literature essay the Constitution can be found in the Federalist Papers which are a series of 85 articles and essays published in 1787-1788 promoting the ratification of the Constitution. The United States Constitution is les miserables, both the longest-lasting in the world, being over two centuries old, and the shortest in the world, having just seven articles and 27 amendments. As well as its age and brevity, the US Constitution is notable for being a remarkably stable document. The first 10 amendments were all carried in 1789 - the same year as the original constitution - and are collectively known as the Bill of Rights. If one accepts that these first 10 amendments were in write world effect part of the original constitutional settlement, there have only been 17 amendments in over 200 years (the last substantive one - reduction of the voting age to 18 - in 1971).

One of the major reasons for this relative immutability is that - quite deliberately on the part of its drafters - the Constitution is a very difficult instrument to change. Std Know-how Essay! First, a proposed amendment has to secure a two-thirds vote of members present in both houses of Congress. Write Literature! Then three-quarters of the state legislatures have to ratifiy the proposed change (this stage may or may not be governed by of a business case study a specific time limit). As an indication of how challenging this process is, consider the case of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). This was first written in 1920, shortly after women were given the vote in the USA. Write Good Essay! The proposed amendment was introduced in example of a case study Congress unsuccessfully in every legislative year from 1923 until it was finally passed in 1972. It was then sent to each state for ratification but, by 1982, it was still three states short of the minimum of the 38 needed to add it to the constitution. Various attempts since 1982 to revive the amendment have all failed. At the heart of the US Constitution is the principle known as 'separation of powers' , a term coined by write good world essay the French political, enlightenment thinker Montesquieu.

This means that power is spread between three institutions of the state - the executive (President Cabinet), the legislature (House of Representatives Senate) and Transportation the judiciary (Supreme Court federal circuits) - and no one institution has too much power and no individual can be a member of more than one institution. This principle is also known as 'checks and balances' , since each of the three branches of the state has some authority to act on its own, some authority to regulate the other two branches, and has some of its own authority, in turn, regulated by the other branches. Not only is write world essay, power spread between the research paper different branches; the members of those branches are deliberately granted by the Constitution different terms of office which is a further brake on rapid political change. So the President has a term of four years, while members of the Senate serve for six years and world essay members of the check statement House of Representatives serve for two years. Members of the Supreme Court effectively serve for life. The great benefit of essay this system is that power is essay, spread and counter-balanced and the 'founding fathers' - the 55 delegates who drafted the Constitution - clearly wished to create a political system which was in write world essay sharp contrast to, and much more democratic than, the monarchical system then in checker grammar force in Britain. The great weakness of the system is that it makes government slow, complicated and legalistic which is a particular disadvantage in write world literature essay a world - unlike that of check statement online 1776 - in which political and write literature essay economic developments are fast-moving and the USA is a - indeed the - super power. Since the Constitution is so short, so old and so difficult to change, for Transportation it to be meaningful to contemporary society it requires interpretation by the courts and ultimately it is the Supreme Court which determines what the Constitution means. There are very different approaches to the interpretation of the Constitution with the two main strands of thought being known as originalism and the Living Constitution . Originalism is a principle of interpretation that tries to discover the original meaning or intent of the constitution. It is write essay, based on the principle that the judiciary is not supposed to create, amend or repeal laws (which is the realm of the legislative branch) but only to example, uphold them. This approach tends to be supported by conservatives.

Living Constitution is a concept which claims that the Constitution has a dynamic meaning and good world that contemporary society should be taken into account when interpreting key constitutional phrases. Instead of seeking to les miserables essay, divine the views of the drafters of the document, it claims that they deliberately wrote the Constitution in broad terms so that it would remain flexible. This approach tends to good, be supported by liberals. Full text of the US Constitution click here. Guide to the US Constitution click here. Constitution Day in the United States click here.

Information on the Federalist Papers click here. What is the Presidency? The President is the head of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States. He - so far, the position has always been held by a man - is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as the military commander-in-chief and grammar chief diplomat. The President presides over the executive branch of the government, a vast organisation numbering about four million people, including one million active-duty military personnel. The so-called Hatch Act of 1939 forbids anyone in the executive branch - except the President or Vice-President - from using his or her official position to engage in political activity. Who is eligible to become a President? To be President, one has to: be a natural-born citizen of the United States be at good essay least 35 years old have lived in the US for at least 14 years.

How is a President chosen? The President is elected for a fixed term of four years and may serve a maximum of two terms. Originally there was no constitutional limit on the number of terms that a President could serve in office and the first President George Washington set the precedent of essay punctuation serving simply two terms. Following the election of Franklin D Roosevelt to world literature essay, a record four terms, it was decided to limit terms to example of a business, two and the relevant constitutional change - the 22nd Amendment - was enacted in 1951. Elections are always held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November to coincide with Congressional elections. So the last election was held on 8 November 2016 and the next eelction will be held on 3 November 2020.

The President is not elected directly by the voters but by an Electoral College representing each state on the basis of a combination of the number of members in good world the Senate (two for of a case each state regardless of size) and the number of write essay members in the House of example of a business case study Representatives (roughly proportional to world literature essay, population). Paper Rubrics High School! The states with the largest number of write good world literature votes are California (55), Texas (38) and New York (29). The states with the smallest number of votes - there are seven of them - have only three votes. The District of Columbia, which has no voting representation in Congress, has three Electoral College votes. In effect, therefore, the Presidential election is not one election but 51.

The total Electoral College vote is 538. Of A Business Case Study! This means that, to become President, a candidate has to win at world literature least 270 electoral votes. The voting system awards the check statement Electoral College votes from each state to delegates committed to vote for good literature essay a certain candidate in a winner take all system, with the exception of Maine and les miserables essay Nebraska (which award their Electoral College votes according to Congressional Districts rather than for the state as a whole). In practice, most states are firmly Democrat - for instance, California and New York - or firmly Republican - for instance, Texas and Tennessee. Therefore, candidates concentrate their appearances and resources on the so-called battleground states, those that might go to either party. The three largest battleground or swing states are Florida (29 votes), Pennsylvania (20) and Ohio (18). Good World Literature! Others include North Carolina (15), Virginia (13), Wisconsin (10), Colorado (9), Iowa (6) and Nevada (6). This system of election means that a candidate can win the largest number of votes nationwide but fail to win the largest number of votes in the Electoral College and therefore fail to become President. Indeed, in practice, this has happened four times in US history: 1876, 1888, 2000 and and Hospitality 2016.

On the last occasion, the losing canidate (Hillary Clinton) actuallu secured 2.9 million more votes than the write good world winning candidate (Donald Trump). If this seems strange (at least to non-Americans), the explanation is that the 'founding fathers' who drafted the American Constitution did not wish to give too much power to the people and so devised a system that gives the ultimate power of electing the President to members of the Electoral College. The same Constitution, however, enables each state to example of a study, determine how its members in write essay the Electoral College are chosen and since the 1820s states have chosen their electors by a direct vote of the people. The United States is the only example in essay the world of an indirectly elected executive president. In the event that the Electoral College is evenly divided between two candidates or no candidate secures a majority of the write world votes, the constitution provides that the choice of President is made by the House of Representatives and the choice of Vice-President is made by business case study the Senate. In the literature essay first case, the representatives of each state have to agree collectively on the allocation of a single vote.

In the second case, each senator has one vote. This has actually happened twice - in 1800 and 1824. In 1800, the House of Representatives, after 35 votes in which neither Thomas Jefferson nor Aaron Burr obtained a majority, elected Jefferson on the 36th ballot. In 1824, neither John Quincy Adams nor Andrew Jackson was able to secure a majority of the essay checker grammar votes in the Electoral College and the House of Representatives chose Adams even though he had fewer Electoral Colleage votes and write world fewer votes at the ballot boxes than Jackson. What are the powers of the President?

Within the executive branch, the President has broad constitutional powers to manage national affairs and the workings of the federal government. The President may issue executive orders to affect internal policies. The use of executive orders has varied enormously between presidents and is often a controversial matter since, in effect, it is bypassing the Congress to achieve what would otherwide require legislation. Very few such orders were issued until the time of std know-how essay Abraham Lincoln (the Emanicpation Declaration was such an order); use of executive orders was considerable and peaked during the terms of the seven presidents from Theodore Roosevelt to Franklin D Roosevelt (1901-1945); but, since the Second World War, use has been more modest with Democrats tending to issue them a bit more than Republicans. Barack Obama has made very sparing use of this power, notably to reform immigration law and to tighten gun controls. Executive orders can be overturned by write world literature a succeeding President.

The President has the Transportation power to recommend measures to Congress and may sign or veto legislation passed by Congress. The Congress may override a presidential veto but only by a two-thirds majority in each house. The President has the authority to appoint Cabinet members, Supreme Court justices. federal judges, and ambassadors but only with the'advice and consent' of the Senate which can be problematic especially when the write good literature Senate is controlled by a different political party to that of the std know-how essay President. The President has the power to write good world literature, pardon criminals convicted of offences against the federal government and most controversially President Gerald Ford used this power to pardon his predecessor Richard Nixon. The President has the power to make treaties with the 'advice and of a business case study consent' of the Senate. The President can declare war for 60 days but then has to write world essay, have the approval of Congress (although it can be difficult to withdraw troops once they have been committed). Since 1939, there has been an Executive Office of the essay President (EOP) which has consistently and considerably expanded in write good literature size and power. Today it consists of some 1,600 staff and costs some $300M a year. Besides the formal powers of the President, there are informal means of exercising influence.

Most notably, Teddy Roosvelt introduced the notion of 'the bully pulpit': the ability of the President to use his standing to influence public opinion. Over time, the changing nature of media - newspapers, radio, television, the Internet, social media - has presented a variety of instruments for the White House to use to 'push' Congress or other political players or indeed communicate directly with the electorate. Currently Donald Trump uses his personal Twitter account to issue several messages a day to personal statement, (as at summer 2017) some 32.4 million followers. Add to write good literature, that his POTUS Twitter account (18.8 million followers), Facebook pages (22.4 million likes and 1.7 million followers), YouTube subscribers (103,000 and 4.3 million), and Instagram (7 million followers). That is a lot of Transportation and Hospitality 'bullying'.

Other interesting facts about the Presidency Although the 'founding fathers' wanted to avoid a political system that in any way reflected the monarchical system then prevalent in Britain and for a long time the Presidency was relatively weak, the vast expansion of the federal bureaucracy and the military in the 20th century has in current practice given a greater role and write essay more power to the President than is the Transportation and Hospitality case for any single individual in most political systems. The President may be impeached which means that he is removed from the office. The House of Representatives has the sole power of good essay impeaching, while the Senate has the and Hospitality sole power to try all such impeachments. Two U.S. Presidents have been impeached by write good the House of Representatives but acquitted at the trials held by the Senate: Andrew Johnson (1868) and Bill Clinton (1999).

Richard Nixon resigned before he would certainly have been impeached (1974). Although the President heads the executive branch of government, the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws is in the hands of the various federal executive departments, created by Congress to deal with specific areas of national and international affairs. The heads of the Transportation 15 departments, chosen by write literature essay the President and approved with the 'advice and consent' of the Senate, form a council of advisors generally known as the President's Cabinet. Transportation And Hospitality! This is not a cabinet in the British political sense: it does not meet so often and does not act so collectively. In fact, the President has powers of patronage that extend way beyond appointment of write good world Cabinet members. Essay! In all, the President appoints roughly 4,000 individuals to positions in the federal government, of which around 1,200 require the write good world essay confirmation of the Senate. As the divisions in American politics have deepened, so the confirmation process has become more fractious and std know-how and prevention essay prolonged - when first elected, Barack Obama had to wait ten months before all his nominees were in their jobs. The first United States President was George Washington, who served from 1789-1797, so that the current President Donald Trump is the 44th to hold the office. However, there have been 45 presidencies. Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th President and therefore was the only US president to serve two non-consecutive terms (1885-1889 and world literature 1893-1897) and to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents. So far, every US President has been male.

All but one President has been Protestant (the exception was John Kennedy who was a Catholic) and essay all but one President has been white (the exception is Barack Obama). On assuming office, the youngest was Theodore Roosevelt (42) and the oldest was Donald Trump (70). Four sitting Presidents have been assassinated: Abraham Lincoln in 1865, James A. Garfield in 1881, William McKinley in 1901, and John F. Literature! Kennedy in 1963. A further eight Presidents were subject to near misses in assassination attempts. The President is sometimes referred to research high, as POTUS (President Of The United States) and good literature essay the Presidency is often referred to by the media as variously the White House, the West Wing, and punctuation the Oval Office. Such is the respect for the Presidency that, even having left office, a President is referred to by the world essay title for the remainder of his life. The position of Vice-President is elected on essay checker grammar the same ticket as that of the President and has the same four-year term of office. Essay! The Vice-President is often described as 'a heart beat away from the Presidency' since, in the event of the death or incapacity of the President, the Vice-President assumes the office. In practice, however, a Vice-Presidential candidate is checker grammar punctuation, chosen (by the Presidential candidate) to 'balance the ticket' in the Presidential election (that is, represent a different geographical or gender or ethnic constituency) and, for all practical purposes, the position only carries the power accorded to it by the President - which is write world literature, usually very little (a major exception has been Dick Cheney under George W Bush).

The official duties of the Vice-President are to sit as a member of the Cabinet and Transportation and Hospitality as a member of the National Security Council and to essay, act as ex-officio President of the and prevention Senate. Current members of the cabinet click here. Assassinations and near misses of US Presidents click here. An important feature of the American political system is that the write world essay two major parties - the Democrats and the Republicans - hold a system of les miserables essay primaries to write world essay, determine who will be their candidate in the general election. Std Know-how Essay! These primaries are particularly important when it comes to the four-yearly Presidential election. The key point to understand is write good essay, that formally the Democratic and std know-how essay Republican Parties choose their Presidential candidate through a vote of good delegates at a national convention and not directly through the various ballots in the various primaries. Each party allocates delegates to each state, roughly proportionate to its size in numbers of citizens. Essay! There are two types of delegates. The normal delegates are those who are chosen by voters to back a specific candidate. Technically these delegates are pledged to that candidate but there are circumstances in which they can switch their support. Then there are what the Democrats call super delegates and the Republicans call unpledged delegates who are notable figures in the party such as former presidents, state governors and members of the two houses of Congress who are free to back whichever candidate they wish.

They can do this any time they like. They can also change their mind before the convention. How the normal delegates are chosen is a matter for each party in world literature each of the 50 states. Some hold caucuses which require voters to turn up to discussions on the merits of the contending candidates. Most hold conventional-style elections. In the case of the Democrats in Texas, there is both a caucus and an election. Another variation is that, in some cases, one can only take part in a caucus or election if one is registered for that political party but, in other cases, anyone in the state - including those registered for another party or none - can vote.

How normal delegates are then allocated to the different candidates is also a matter for each party in each of the 50 states. Les Miserables Essay! In most of the Republican contests (but not all), the candidate who wins the write good essay most votes in that state's primary wins all the party's delegates for std know-how and prevention that state - a system known as 'winner takes all'. In all the Democrat contests, delegates are allocated roughly proportional to the vote secured by the candidate subject to good literature essay, a minimum performance. The allocation process varies, but typically it is based on the performance of the Transportation and Hospitality candidate in write good world essay particular Congressional districts. In practice, normally the parties have clearly decided on a candidate well before the holding of the example convention which therefore becomes more a coronation than a selection. However, it is not unknown for a party to reach the convention with no clear choice.

A contested or deadlocked convention happens when no candidate arrives with a majority of votes. On the first ballot, pledged delegates will vote for the candidate to whom they are pledged. But, in any subsequent ballots, delegates are then free to vote for whomever they want. Write Good Literature! This could include the other candidates or even - subject to the rules of the convention - people who are not candidates. Delegates keep on voting until someone wins a majority. The most famous deadlocked convention - it involved the Democrats - took place in 1924.

It required 103 ballots to chose the Democratic candidate - who then lost to the Republican candidate in the general election. The last deadlocked convention was experienced by the Republicans in 1976, when Gerald Ford did not have enough delegates before the convention to claim the punctuation nomination (his opponent was Ronald Reagan), but eventually won the nomination (Reagan withdrew) and went on to lose the general election. The last time a contested convention produced a candidate who went on to win in the general election was in write good literature 1932 with Franklin Roosevelt. For the 2016 convention, the Democrats had a total of 4,763 delegates including super delegates and so, to win the nomination, the Democratic front runner needed a total of 2,382 delegates. For the 2016 convention, the Republicans had a total of 2,472 delegates including unpledged delegates and so, to check online, win the nomination, the Republican front runner needed a total of 1,237 delegates. The Republicans had their convention in write world essay Cleveland, Ohio from 18-21 July 2016 and nominated Donald Trump as their candidate, while the Democrats held their convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvannia from 25-28 July 2016 and nominated Hillary Clinton as their candidate. THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. What is the business House of Representatives? The House of Representatives is the lower chamber in the bicameral legislature known collectively as Congress. The founders of the United States intended the House to essay, be the politically dominant entity in the federal system and, in the late 18th and essay punctuation early 19th centuries, the House served as the primary forum for political debate.

However, subsequently the world literature essay Senate has been the check online dominant body. Who is eligible to write, become a member of the House? To be a member of the House, one has to: be at least 25 years old have been a US citizen for at least seven years live in the state which one represents (but not the actual district) How is a member of the House chosen? The House consists of 435 members (set in 1911), each of whom represents a congressional district and serves for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the states by population according to each decennial (every 10 years) census, but every state must have at least one member and in fact seven states have only one Representative each (Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming). Research High! Typically a House constituency would represent around 700,000 people. Once House seats are reapportioned to the states, it is state legislatures that must redraw the physical boundaries of Congressional districts. Write World Literature! Although the states are bound by limits established by checker grammar Congress and the Supreme Court, there is scope for literature essay gerry-mandering to ensure electoral advantage for the dominant political party in the state. Essay Checker! Such reapportionment of members of the House takes effect three years after the decennial census so, as the next census will take place in 2020, reapportionment will take effect for the 118th Congress (2023-2025).

Members of the House are elected by first-past-the-post voting in every state except Louisiana and world literature essay Washington, which have run-offs if no candidate secures more than 50% of the vote. Elections are always held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even numbered years. Statement! Voting in write good world literature congressional elections - especially to the House - is generally much lower than levels in example of a business other liberal democracies. In a year when there is a Presidential election, turnout is typically around 50%; in years when there is no Presidential election (known as mid-terms), it usually falls to around one third of the electorate. In the event that a member of the House of write world Representatives dies or resigns before the end of the two-year term, a special election is held to fill the vacancy. The House has five non-voting delegates from the District of Columbia (1971), Guam (1972) the Virgin Islands (1976), American Samoa (1981) and the Northern Mariana Islands (2008) and one resident commissioner for research high Puerto Rico (1976), bringing the total formal membership to 441. Non-voting delegates are not allowed floor votes, but can vote in write good any committees to which they are assigned. What are the powers of the House? The House of Representatives is grammar, one of the two chambers that can initiate and pass legislation, although to become law any legislation has to be approved by the Senate as well.

Each chamber of Congress has particular exclusive powers. The House must introduce any bills for the purpose of raising revenue. If the world essay Electoral College is check personal online, tied, the choice of President is made by the House of write good world literature Representatives. The House has a key role in any impeachment proceedings against the President or Vice-President. It lays the charges which are then passed to the Senate for Transportation a trial. The House (and the Senate) have the power to good essay, declare war - although the last time this happened was in Transportation 1941. Other interesting facts about the House The Speaker of the House - chosen by the majority party - has considerable power. He or she presides over the House and sets the agenda, assigns legislation to committees, and determines whether and how a bill reaches the floor of the world essay chamber. Currently the Majority Leader in the House - and example business therefore the Speaker - is the Republican Paul Ryan, while the Minority leader is Democrat Nancy Pelosi. Much of the work of the write literature House is done through 20 standing committees and around 100 sub-committees which perform both legislative functions (drafting Bills) and investigatory functions (holding enquiries).

Most of the committees are focused on an area of government activity such as homeland security, foreign affairs, agriculture, energy, or transport, but others are more cross-cutting such as those on essay grammar punctuation the budget and ethics. Activity in the House of Representatives tends to be more partisan than in the Senate. One illustration of this is the so-called Hastert Rule. Good World Literature! This Rule's introduction is widely credited to former Speaker Dennis Hastert (1999-2007); however, Newt Gingrich, who directly preceded Hastert as Speaker (1995-1999), followed the same rule. The Hastert Rule, also known as the and Hospitality majority of the majority rule, is an informal governing principle used by Republican Speakers of the House of Representatives since the mid-1990s to write, maintain their speakerships and limit the essay checker grammar punctuation power of the minority party to bring bills up for a vote on the floor of the House. Under the doctrine, the Speaker of the House will not allow a floor vote on a bill unless a majority of the write literature majority party supports the bill.

The rule keeps the minority party from passing bills with the assistance of a small number of majority party members. The House of Representatives has met in its chamber in the south wing of the Capitol in Washington DC since 1857. Offices of members of the House are located in three buildings on essay punctuation the south side of the Capitol along Independence Avenue: the Cannon, Longworth, and Rayburn Buildings. The House and write literature Senate are often referred to by the media as Capitol Hill or simply the study Capitol or the Hill. Link: House of Representatives click here. What is the Senate?

The Senate is the upper chamber in the bicameral legislature known collectively as Congress. The original intention of the authors of the US Constitution was that the Senate should be a regulatory group, less politically dominant than the House. However, since the write good essay mid 19th century, the Senate has been the dominant chamber and indeed today it is perhaps the most powerful upper house of any legislative body in the world. Who is eligible to become a member of the Senate? To be a member of the Senate, one has to: be at least 30 years old have been a US citizen for at high least nine years live in the state which one represents. How is literature essay, a member of the Senate chosen? The Senate consists of 100 members, each of essay checker whom represents a state and serves for a six-year term (one third of the Senate stands for election every two years). Each state has two Senators, regardless of write good literature essay population, and, since there are 50 states, then there are 100 senators.

This equality of Senate seats between states has the effect of producing huge variations in constituency population (the two senators from Wyoming represent less than half a million electors, while the example of a two senators from California represent 34M people) with gross over-representation of the smaller states and serious under-representation of racial and write good world ethnic minorities. For a long time, Senators were elected by the individual state legislatures. Std Know-how! However, since the 17th Amendment to the Constitution in 1913, members of the Senate are elected by first-past-the-post voting in every state except Louisiana and Washington, which have run-offs. Elections are always held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even numbered years. Each Senator is known as the senior or junior Senator for his or her state, based on length of service. In the event that a member of the Senate dies or resigns before the end of the six-year term, a special election is not normally held at that time (this is the write good literature case for 46 states). Instead the Governor of the les miserables essay state that the Senator represented nominates someone to serve until the next set of Congressional elections when the special election is write good world literature, held to fill the vacancy. What are the powers of the Senate? The Senate is one of the two chambers that can initiate and pass legislation, although to become law any legislation has to be approved by the House of Representatives as well.

Each chamber of Congress has particular exclusive powers. The Senate must give 'advice and consent' to many important Presidential appointments including Cabinet members, Supreme Court justices. federal judges, and ambassadors. The Senate has the responsibility of ratifying treaties. If the Electoral College is tied, the choice of Vice-President is made by the Senate. The Senate has a key role in les miserables essay any impeachment proceedings against the President or Vice-President. Once the House of Representatives has laid the charges, the Senate then conducts a trial on these charges. The Supreme Court Chief Justice presides over such a trial. A two-thirds majority of the Senate is write good literature, required to uphold impeachment charges.

The Senate (and the House) have the Transportation power to write world literature, declare war - although the and prevention essay last time this happened was in 1941. Other interesting facts about the Senate. The most powerful position in the Senate is the Majority Leader but he or she does not have the same control over the upper chamber as the control that the Speaker of the House has over the lower chamber, since the 'whipping' system is weaker in the Senate. Currently the Majority Leader in the Senate is the Republican Mitch McConnell, while the Minority leader is Democrat Chuck Schummer. Much of the work of the Senate is done through 16 standing committees and around 40 sub-committees which perform both legislative functions (drafting Bills) and investigatory functions (holding enquiries). Most of the committees are focused on an area of government activity such as homeland security, foreign relations, health, energy, or transport, but others are more cross-cutting such as those on the budget and rules. Activity in the Senate tends to be less partisan and good world literature essay more individualistic than in the House of Representatives. Essay! Senate rules permit what is called a filibuster when a Senator, or a series of Senators, can speak for as long as they wish and on write good literature essay any topic they choose, unless a supermajority of example case study three-fifths of the Senate (60 Senators, if all 100 seats are filled) brings debate to good world literature, a close by invoking what is called cloture (taken from the rubrics school French term for closure). The Senate has met in its chamber in the north wing of the Capitol in Washington DC since 1859. Offices of members of the Senate are located in good world literature three buildings on the north side of the Capitol along Constitution Avenue: the Russell, Dirksen, and Hart Buildings.

The Senate and House are often referred to check statement, by the media as Capitol Hill or simply the Capitol or the good essay Hill. THE SUPREME COURT. What is the Supreme Court? The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. Originally it had five members but over time this number has increased. Since 1869, it has consisted of nine Justices: the Chief Justice of the United States and example of a business case eight Associate Justices.

They have equal weight when voting on a case and the Chief Justice has no casting vote or power to instruct colleagues. Decisions are made by a simple majority. Below the Supreme Court, there is a system of Courts of Appeal, and, below these courts, there are District Courts. Together, these three levels of courts represent the federal judicial system. Who is eligible to write, become a member of the essay checker Court? The Constitution does not specify qualifications for Justices such as age, education, profession, or native-born citizenship.

A Justice does not have to be a lawyer or a law school graduate, but all Justices have been trained in the law. Many of the good world 18th and 19th century Justices studied law under a mentor because there were few law schools in the country. The last Justice to be appointed who did not attend any law school was James F. Byrnes (1941-1942). He did not graduate from high school and taught himself law, passing the bar at check personal statement the age of 23. All Supreme Court judges are appointed for life. How is a member of the Court chosen? The Justices are nominated by the President and write good world confirmed with the example study 'advice and consent' of the Senate. As federal judges, the Justices serve during good behavior, meaning essentially that they serve for life and good essay can be removed only by resignation or by impeachment and subsequent conviction. Since the Supreme Court makes so many 'political' decisions and its members are appointed so rarely, the appointment of Justices by punctuation the President is often a very charged and controversial matter. Since Justices serve for life and therefore usually beyond the write world term of office of the les miserables appointing President, such appointment are often regarded as an important part of any particular President's legacy.

What are the powers of the write world essay Court? The Supreme Court is the check personal highest court in the United States. The court deals with matters pertaining to the federal government, disputes between states, and interpretation of the Constitution. It can declare legislation or executive action made at any level of the government as unconstitutional, nullifying the law and write creating precedent for essay checker punctuation future law and decisions. However, the Supreme Court can only rule on a lower court decision so it cannot take the initiative to consider a matter. There are three ways that a matter can come to the Supreme Court: A federal authority makes a decision that is challenged as unconstitutional which goes straight to good world literature essay, the Supreme Court which is not obliged to take it A state makes a decision which someone believes is essay, unconstitutional but the write world essay matter would have to have previously been heard by a Federal Court of Appeal (there are 11 circuits covering the 50 states) There is a conflict between states that needs to be resolved (if the two or more states are in the same circuit, the matter would first have to go to the appropriate Federal Court of Appeal) Other interesting facts about the case study Court. Each year, around 8,000 petitions are made to write good essay, the Supreme Court seeking a judgement, but each term the number of cases determined is only about 100. When a case is considered in public by punctuation the Court, each side of the case only has half-an-hour to state its position. All the essay detail is set out in documents and all the essay rest of the write good time of the public hearing is taken up by questions from the example business case Justices. Decisions of the Supreme Court are taken in literature private conference, following discussion and les miserables debate.

No Justice speaks for a second time until every Justice has spoken once. Given how difficult it is to change the US Constitution through the formal method, one has seen informal changes to good world literature, the Constitution through various decisions of the Supreme Court which have given specific meanings to some of the general phases in the Constitution. It is one of the many ironies of the American political system that an unelected and unaccountable body like the checker grammar Supreme Court can in practice exercise so much political power in a system which proclaims itself as so democractic. The Supreme Court in practice therefore has a much more 'political' role than the highest courts of European democracies. In the write good world literature essay 1960s, the court played a major role in bringing about desegregation.

The scope of abortion in the USA is effectively set by the Supreme Court whereas, in of a case other countries, it would be set by legislation. Indeed in 2000, it made the most political decision imaginable by literature determining - by seven votes to paper rubrics high, two - the outcome of that year's presidential election. It decided that George W Bush had beaten Al Gore, although Gore won the most votes overall. A recent and momentous instance of this exercise of write good world political power was the check personal Supreme Court decision in write literature essay the case of the challenge to Barack Obama's signature piece of legislation, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often dubbed Obamacare. No less than 26 states challenged the legality of these health reforms under a clause in the constitution governing interstate commerce. Grammar Punctuation! In the write good end, the Court ruled by five to std know-how essay, four that, while the individual mandate provision in the Act is world literature essay, not itself a tax, the penalties imposed for les miserables essay not buying health insurance do represent taxes and write good literature therefore the entire requirement falls within the std know-how remit of Congress's right to impose taxes. William Howard Taft (1857-1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909-1913) and later the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921-1930). He is the only person to have served in both of these offices.

In the history of the United States, there has only been four women members, two black members and one Hispanic member of the Supreme Court. The present membership of the Supreme Court includes three women members and one black member. Of the nine members, five are Catholic and three are Jewish while one - Neil Gorsuch - was raised as a Catholic but attends a Protestant church. Following the appointment by President Trump of write good world literature Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court, there is now a five to essay, four conservative-liberal majority on the court. All the conservative members were appointed by Republican presidents, while all the good essay liberals were appointed by Democratic presidents. A special feature of the American political system in of a respect of the literature judiciary is that, although federal judges are appointed, nationwide 87% of all state court judges are elected and 39 states elect at least some of their judges. Outside of the United States, there are only check online two nations that have judicial elections and then only in limited fashion. Smaller Swiss cantons elect judges and appointed justices on the Japanese Supreme Court must sometimes face retention elections (although those elections are a formality).

POLITICAL PARTIES ELECTIONS. To an extent quite extraordinary in democratic countries, the American political system is dominated by two political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party (often known as the 'Grand Old Party' or GOP). These are very old and very stable parties - the Democrats go back to 1824 and the Republicans were founded in 1854. In illustrations and promotional material, the Democratic Party is often represented as a donkey, while the Republican Party is good world literature essay, featured as an checker punctuation, elephant. The origin of write world literature these symbols is the political cartoonist Thomas Nast who came up with them in 1870 and 1874 respectively. The main reason for the dominance of these two parties is that - like most other Anglo-Saxon countries (notably Britain) - the electoral system is 'first past the essay checker grammar post' or simple majority which, combined with the write essay large voter size of the constituencies in the House and (even more) the Senate, ensures that effectively only two parties can play. The other key factor is the huge influence of money in the American electoral system. Since effectively a candidate can spend any amount he can raise (not allowed in many other countries) and since one can buy broadcasting time (again not allowed in many countries), the US can only 'afford' two parties or, to put it another way, candidates of and Hospitality any other party face a formidable financial barrier to entry.

Some people tend to view the division between the Democratic Party and literature essay the Republican Party in the United States as the same as that between Labour and check statement Conservative in Britain or between Social Democrats and Christian Democrats in Germany. The comparison is valid in the sense that, in each country, one political party is characterised as Centre-Left and the other as Centre-Right or, to put it another way, one party is literature essay, more economically interventionist and socially radical than the other. However, the analogy has many weaknesses. The Centre in les miserables American politics is considerably to the Right of the Centre in most European states including Britain, Germany, France, Italy and write good literature essay (even more especially) the Scandinavian countries. So, for instance, most members of the Conservative Party in the UK would support a national health service, whereas many members of the Democratic Party in research rubrics the US would not. As a consequence of the literature enormous geographical size of the United States and the different histories of the different states (exemplified by the Civil War), geography is a factor in study ideological positioning to a much greater extent than in other democratic countries. For instance, a Northern Republican could be more liberal than a Southern Democract.

Conversely there is a group of Democratic Congressmen that are fiscally very conservative - they are known as blue dog Democrats or even DINO (Democrats In Name Only). In the United States, divisions over world social matters - such as abortion, capital punishment, same-sex relationships and stem cell research - matter and follow party lines in a way which is not true of most European countries. In Britain, for instance, these sort of personal online issues would be regarded as matters of personal conscience and would not feature prominently in election debates between candidates and parties. In the write good world USA, religion is a factor in politics in a way unique in western democracies. Candidates openly proclaim their faith in a manner which would be regarded as bizarre elswhere (even in a Catholic country like France) and religious groupings - such as the grammar punctuation Christian Coalition of write literature America [click here] - exert a significiant political influence in a manner which would be regarded as improper in most European countries (Poland is an punctuation, exception here).

In the write world essay United States, the essay grammar punctuation 'whipping system' - that is the instructions to members of the House and the Senate on how to vote - is not as strict or effective as it is in most European countries. As a consequence, members of Congress are less constrained by party affiliation and freer to write literature, act individually. In the USA, political parties are much weaker institutions than they are in other democracies. Between the selection of candidates, they are less active than their counterparts in other countries and, during elections, they are less influential in campaigning, with individual politicians and their campaigns having much more influence. The cost of elections is much greater in the US than in other democracies which has the effects of limiting the range of candidates, increasing the influence of corporate interests and pressure groups, and enhancing the position of the incumbent office holder (especially in the winning of primaries). As long ago as 1895, the Chairman of the Republican National Committee Mark Hanna stated: There are two things that are important in politics. The first is essay punctuation, money, and I can't remember what the second one is.

Whereas in other countries, voters shape the policies and select the candidates of a party by joining it, in the USA voters register as a supporter of one of the major parties and then vote in world literature essay primary elections to essay checker grammar punctuation, determine who should be the write literature party's candidate in the 'real' election. One other oddity of the American party system is check, that, whereas in write world essay most countries of the world the colour red is associated with the Left-wing party and the colour blue with the Right-wing party, in the United States the business case study reverse is the case. So the world literature 'blue states' are those traditionally won by the Democrats, while the 'red states' are those normally controlled by the Republicans. Two interesting features of American political elections are low turnout and research rubrics school the importance of write literature essay incumbency. Traditionally turnout in US congressional elections is much lower than in essay other liberal democracies especially those of Western Europe. When there is a presidential election, turnout is only about half; when there is no presidential election, turnout is merely about one third. The exception was the elections of 2008: the excitement of the candidacy of Barack Obama led to an unusually high turnout of 63%, the highest since 1960 (the election of John F Kennedy).

While Congress as an institution is held in popular contempt, voters like their member of write good Congress and indeed there is a phenomenon known as 'sophomore surge' whereby incumbents tend to increase their share of the vote when they seek re-election. More generally most incumbents win re-election for several reasons: they allocate time and resources to waging a permanent re-election campaign; they can win earmarks which are appropriations of personal statement online government spending for projects in the constituency; and they find it easier than challengers to raise money for election campaigns. The Democratic Party click here. The Republican Party click here. THE FEDERAL SYSTEM. Understanding the federal nature of the United States is critical to appreciating the complexities of the American political system. Most political systems are created top-down. A national system of government is constructed and a certain amount of power is essay, released to lower levels of les miserables essay government. Write World! The unique history of the example of a business study United States means that, in this case, the political system was created bottom-up. First, some 240 years ago, there were were 13 autonomous states who, following the War of Independence against the British, created a system of government in which the various states somewhat reluctantly ceded power to the federal government.

Around a century later, the respective authority of the federal government and the individual states was an issue at the heart of the Civil War when there was a bloody conflict over who had the right to determine whether slavery was or was not permissable. With the exception of Switzerland, no other Western democracy diffuses power to the same degree as America. So today the powers of the federal government remain strictly limited by the Constitution - the write good world essay critical Tenth Amendment of 1791 - which leaves a great deal of authority to the individual states. Each state has an executive, a legislature and essay punctuation a judiciary. The head of the executive is the Governor who is directly elected. As with the President at federal level, state Governors can issue Executive Orders. The legislature consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives (the exception is the state of world Nebraska which has a unicameral system). The judiciary consists of a state system of courts. The 50 states are divided into counties (parishes in Louisiana and boroughs in Alaska). Each county has its court.

Althought the Constitution prescribes precisely when Presidential and Congressional elections will be held, the punctuation dates and times of state and local elections are determined by state governments. Therefore there is a plethora of elections in the United States and, at almost all times, an election is write world literature, being held somewhere in the country. State and local elections, like federal elections, use the 'first past the post' system of election. In fact, most states choose to elect the governor and paper high legislature when Congressional elections are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even numbered years. Exceptions are the write good essay states of Virginia and New Jersey which hold their governor and legislature elections in odd numbered years (known as off-year elections). And Hospitality! This means that these states provide the write world literature first electoral indication of how voters view the performance of a newly-elected President and/or Congress. The debate about federalism in Transportation and Hospitality the US is far from over. There are those who argue for a stronger role for the federal government and there are advocates of locating more power at the state level. Good! The recent rise of the electorally-successful Tea Party movement owes a good deal to the view that the federal government has become too dominant, too intrusive and too profligate.

Meanwhile many states - especially those west of the Rockies - have what has been called the fourth arm of government: this is the ballot or referendum initiative. This enables a policy question to be put to check statement, the electorate as a result of the collection of a certain number of signatures or the decison of the good world literature essay state legislation. Over the last century, some 3,000 such initiatives have been conducted - in some cases (such as California) with profound results. In all political systems, there is a disconnect between the formal arrangements, as set out in the constitution and relevant laws, and paper rubrics school the informal arrangements, as occurs in write literature practice. Arguably, in the United States this disconnect is statement online, sharper than in most other democratic systems because: The US Constitution is an old one (late 18th century) whereas most countries have had several constitutions with the write world literature essay current one typically being a 20th century creation. The US Constitution is relatively immutable so it is very difficult to les miserables essay, change the provisions to reflect the reforms that have come about over time from the pressure of events. Since the US adopted its Constitution, the US has become the pre-eminent world economic and political power which has brought about major changes in how the Presidency operates, most especially in write good world the international sphere. What this means is personal statement, that, in the last century and most especially since the end of the Second World War, the write literature essay reality of how the American political system operates has changed quite fundamentally in terms which are not always evident from the terms of the Constitution (and indeed some might argue are in les miserables some respects in contravention of the good Constitution). The main changes are as follows: The balance of power between the Congress and the President has shifted significantly in favour of the President.

This is evident in the domestic sphere through practices like 'impoundment' (when money is taken from the purpose intended by Congress and allocated to another purpose favoured by the President) and in the international sphere through refusal to invoke the War Powers Resolution in spite of Transportation and Hospitality major military invasions. Different terms for this accretion of power by world the Presidency are the unitary executive and essay punctuation the imperial presidency. The impact of good world literature private funding of political campaigns and of lobbyists and special interest groups in political decision making have increased considerably. Candidates raise their own money for campaigns, there is effectively no limit on the money that can be spent in such campaigns (thanks to what is called super Political Action Committees), and the levels of example study expenditure - especially in the presidential primaries and election proper - have risen astronomically. In the presidential race of 2012, both Barack Obama and Mitt Romney spent over one billion dollars. Even in the mid-term Congressional elections of 2014, total expenditure was nearly $4 billion. All this has led to some observers describing the write good literature American political system as a plutocracy, since it is rubrics high, effectively controlled by private finance from big businesses, which expect certain policies and practices to follow from the candidates they are funding, and big donors, who often expect preferment such as an write good literature, ambassadorship from a candidate elected as President. There has been a growth of what is called pork barrel politics through the use of earmarks. The term pork barrel refers to example study, the appropriation of government spending for projects that are intended primarily to benefit particular constituents, such as those in marginal seats, or campaign contributors. Such appropriations are achieved through earmarks which can be found both in write good essay legislation (also called hard earmarks or hardmarks) and in the text of Congressional committee reports (also called soft earmarks or softmarks).

The nature of political debate in the United States has become markedly more partisan and bitter. The personal lifestyle as well as the and Hospitality political record of a candidate might well be challenged and even the patriotism or religiosity of the candidate may be called into write good question. Whereas the politics of most European countries has become more consensual, US domestic politics has become polarised and and prevention tribal. As a result, the political culture is often more concerned with satisfying the demands of the political 'base' rather than attempting to achieve a national consensus. One final trend worth noting is the frequency of the same family to provide members of Congress. Low polling in elections, the write good world literature high cost of running for election, and the focus on the individual more than the party all mean that a well-known name can work successfully for a candidate. Everyone is familiar with the example of a study Kennedys, Clintons and Bushs in American politics but, in 2014, there are no less than 37 members of write world Congress who have a relative who has served in the legislature.

A DIVIDED DEMOCRACY. Of course, all nation states are divided, especially in terms of power and wealth, but also - to different extents - by gender, race, ethnicity, religion and other factors. Indeed the constitution and institutions of a democratic society are deliberately intended to provide for the expression and resolution of such divisions. However, it is often observed that the USA is an especially divided democracy in at least four respects: It is divided horizontally through the 'separation of powers', so that the executive, the legislature and the judiciary are quite distinct in terms of both powers and personalties. Each arm of research paper high school government exercises a check on the other.

It is divided vertically through the federal system of government with the division of powers between the federal government and the state governments a very important issue that arguably was once the subject of a civil war. Write Good Essay! In such a large country geographically, the federal goverment can seem very distant to many citizens. It is divided politically through the sharp (and often bitter) differences of high school view on many economic issues like tackling the recession and reforming health care and social issues ranging from world literature essay, gun control to gay rights. Since 2009, such differences have been highlighted by the presence of the first black President in the White House and the rapid emergence of a Tea Party movement that is both virulently anti-Obama and anti-mainstream Republicanism. It is divided racially through the growth of the non-white electorate. When Ronald Reagan was first elected President in 1980, almost 90% of the US electorate was white; today some 30% of voters are non-white; and that proportion is growing (especially Spanish-speaking communities).

The Democratic Party tends to do better among non-white voters than the Republicans and therefore the demographic trends are viewed as favourable to Democrats. One of the most visible and dramatic illustrations of and prevention essay how the divisons in American politics frustrate decision-making is the regular failure to agree a federal budget before the start of the new financial period. This results in what is known as federal 'shutdown' when most federal employees are sent home because they cannot be paid and good literature many federal institutions therefore close down. This is not an isolated occurrence: it has happened 18 times since 1976 (the last one was in 2013). A major role of the Congress is to pass legislation but the divided nature of American politics has made this increasingly diffiicult and the Congress frequently exhibits legislative grid-lock. Hillary Clinton - former First Lady, former Senator, and former Secretary of State - in her memoir Hard Choices (2014) talks of all the horse trading, arm-twisting, vote counting, alternating appeals to and Hospitality, principle and write good literature essay self-interest, and personal statement hard-ball politics that go into passing major legislation . Reading this short essay, it will be evident to many (especially non-American) readers that the United States is world literature essay, different from other democracies. This observation has given rise to the notion of research paper American exceptionalism. This is an ill-defined term which has been used differently at different times. From the creation of the Republic in write essay 1776, there has been a sense that the checker United States has been exceptional in its commitment to freedom as expressed in the US Constitution and write good world the Bill of Rights.

Even though today there are many challenges to freedom in the USA, many Americans still feel that their attachment to freedom - however defined - is example of a business case study, a distinguishing feature of their nation as compared to all others. Another important version of American exceptionalism revolves around the lack of world essay a clear ideological or class-based division between the two major political parties. The USA has never had a credible socialist or anti-capitalist party; both the main parties are pro-capital and pro-business and speak largely to the 'middle class'. Other versions of the concept revolve around the alleged 'superiority' of the United States because of its history, size, wealth and global dominance plus the 'sophistication' of its constitution and power of its values such as individualism, innovation and entrepreneurship. In perhaps its most extreme form, the concept has a religious dimension with the belief that God has especially chosen or blessed the country. Of course, it is easy to view the American political system as exceptional in negative terms such as the unusual influence of race, religion and money as compared to other liberal democracies. In truth, for high school all its special features, the American political system needs to be seen as one among many models of world literature essay democracy with its own strenghs and weaknesses that need to be assessed in std know-how and prevention comparison to those of other democracies. discussion of American exceptionalism click here.

how to critique a political system click here. Americans are losing faith in the American political system as people around the world are questioning the continued pre-eminence of the United States as the dominant global power. Since 2004, a clear majority of Americans have told Gallup that they are dissatisfied with the world essay way they are governed. The numbers of those has several times climbed above 80% which is higher than at example case study the time of the write essay Watergate scandal. This disillusionment is reflected in Transportation the falling number of Americans who even bother to vote. In The World In 2015, John Micklethwait, editor-in-chief of The Economist, wrote: In America, there is nothing particularly democratic about the ascent of money politics, the write good arcane blocking procedures of les miserables Congress or the gerrymandering of district boundaries. Indeed they are all reminiscent of the rotten boroughs of good 18th century England that infuriated the Founding Fathers. The debate about the effectiveness of the US political system is a part of the wider debate about whether or not the United States is in relative decline on the world stage. In his book Time To Start Thinking: America And The Spectre Of Decline [for my review click here], Edward Luce writes: Sometimes it seems Americans are engaged in some kind of collusion in which voters pretend to elect their lawmakers and lawmakers pretend to govern.

This, in some ways, is America's core problem: the more America postpones any coherent response to the onset of check personal statement relative decline, the more difficult the politics are likely to get. These issues have been highlighted by good world literature the recent election as US President of Donald Trump, someone who ran for election as the and prevention essay anti-establishment candidate who was going todrain the swamp, who has never previously held political office, and who is governing in a most unconventional style. His insistence that he will Make America Great Again and his intention to boost dramatically defence expenditure address directly the position of the US as global player. Last modified on 30 August 2017. If you would like to comment on good world essay this essay e-mail me.

If you would like me to speak on this subject contact me. For a comparison of the American and British political systems click here. For guides to the political systems of other nations click here.

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How to write a 3,000 word essay in a day. Updated 30 August 2017. There's nothing like an approaching deadline to give you the write world essay, motivation (and fear) you need to get writing – don't stress though, we're here to help you out! We know – you had every intention of being deadline-ready, but these things happen! At some point during your time at university, you're bound to essay, find you've left coursework to the very last minute, with fewer hours than Jack Bauer to complete a 3,000 word essay.

But don't sweat, cause 3,000 words in a day is totally doable! Not only this, but you can even produce an essay you can be proud of if you give it everything you got. Between nights out, procrastination and write good world literature, other deadlines to juggle, the time can easily creep up on you. However, the worst thing you can do in this situation is paper, panic, so keep calm, mop up the world literature essay, cold sweats and read on to find out how to essay, nail that essay in unbelievable time! Just to clarify – we're certainly not encouraging anyone to leave it all to the last minute, but if you do happen to find yourself in a pickle, you're going to need some help – and we're the guys for write world essay the job. Credit: Dimitris Kalogeropoylos – Flickr. Fail to plan and check personal statement online, you plan to good literature, fail – or so our lecturers keep telling us. And Hospitality. Reading this, we suspect you probably haven't embraced this motto up till now, but there are a few things you can do the morning before deadline that will make your day of frantic essay-writing run smoothly. First thing's first: Fuel your body and mind with a healthy breakfast, like porridge. The slow-release energy will stop a mid-morning slump over your desk, which is something you really can't afford right now! Not in essay, the mood for porridge?

Check out our list of the best foods for brain fuel to see what else will get you off to a good start. Choose a quiet area where you know you won't be disturbed. You'll know whether you work better in the library or at home, but whatever you do – don't choose somewhere you've never been before . You need to be confident that you'll be comfortable and able to focus for as long as possible. Be organised and come equipped with two pens (no nipping to example case study, the shop because you ran out of ink), bottled water, any notes you have, and good essay, some snacks to use as mini-rewards. This will keep you going without having to take your eyes off the screen (apparently dark chocolate is the best option for concentration). Try to avoid too much caffeine early on, as you'll find yourself crashing within a few hours. Les Miserables. This includes energy drinks, by the way! Procrastination is every student's forte, so turn off your phone (or at least switch notifications off) and good, refrain from checking Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, or any other social media channels you're addicted to. Research Paper High. We mean it! A good tip is to get a friend to change your Facebook password for you for 24 hours and make them promise not to tell you it, even if you beg (choose a friend that enjoys watching you squirm).

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Use this to your advantage! You may need to write good world literature, Google around the and prevention essay, topic to write good, get a clear idea of what's already been said on research paper rubrics school, your chosen argument, but limit this research time to 20 minutes or you could be there all day…and no checking facebook! Now, type out 3-5 key points that you'll aim to tackle in your argument, and underneath these use bullet points to list all the information and opinions, supporting arguments or quotes you have for each point. Write Good World Literature Essay. Start with the most obvious argument , as this will provide something to checker, link your other points back to – the key to good, a good essay. Once you've done this, you'll now find you have a detailed outline of the body of your essay, and it'll be a matter of filling in of a business case, between the lines of each bullet point. This method is essay, perfect for writing against the clock, as it ensures you stay focused on your question and checker grammar, argument without going off in any tangents. Credit: Steve Czajka – Flickr.

Sometimes the good world literature essay, introduction can be the most difficult part to check, write, but that's because it's also the most important part! Don't worry too much about making it sound amazing at this point – just get stuck into good world literature, introducing your argument in response to std know-how and prevention essay, your chosen question and telling the reader how you will support it. You can go back and good essay, make yourself sound smarter later on when you're at the editing stage. Create something of a mini-outline in your introduction so you signpost exactly what it is les miserables essay, you're planning to argue. Don't use the introduction as a space to write essay, throw in std know-how essay, random references to good world, things that are vaguely relevant. When in doubt, leave it out! Credit: Photo Monkey.

Now it's time to gather outside information and quotes to support your arguments. It's important to limit the time you spend on this, as it is paper school, easy to get distracted when Google presents you with copious amounts of irrelevant information. However, you will find your essay easy to write if you're armed with lots of relevant info, so use your judgement on write good literature essay, this one. Choose search keywords wisely and copy and paste key ideas and Transportation and Hospitality, quotes into a separate 'Research' document. Write Good. If using reference books rather than online, give yourself ten minutes to get anything that looks useful from the library, skip to chapters that look relevant and remember to use the les miserables, index! Paraphrase your main arguments to give the essay your own voice and make clear to good world essay, yourself which words are yours and Transportation and Hospitality, which are someone else's. Plagiarism is world literature essay, serious and std know-how and prevention essay, could get you a big fat F for your essay if you don't cite properly – after all this hard work!

Alternatively, use Google Books to find direct quotes without spending time going through useless paragraphs. World. There's no time to read the full book, but this technique gives the impression that you did! While you gather quotes, keep note of your sources – again, don't plagiarise! Compiling your list of citations (if necessary) as you work saves panicking at check personal the end. Take quotes by write good essay, other authors included in the book you're reading. If you look up the references you will find the original book (already credited) which you can then use for your own references. And Hospitality. This way it looks like you have read more books than you have, too.

Sneaky! Also, if you're using Microsoft Word (2008 or later) to literature, write your essay, make use of the automatic referencing system. Essay. Simply enter the details of sources as you go along, and write good essay, it will automatically create a perfect bibliography or works cited page at the end. This tool is example case, AMAZING and could save you a lot of extra work typing out your references and good world essay, bibliography. Credit: Rainer Stropek – Flickr. Get typing! Now it's just a matter of beefing out your outline until you reach the word limit!

Get all your content down and don't worry too much about writing style. You can make all your changes later, and it's much easier to of a study, think about style once you have everything you want to literature essay, say typed up first. More ideas could occur to you as you go along, so jot these ideas down on a notepad – they could come in handy if you need to make up the word count later! Use the research you gathered earlier to support the key ideas you set out in your outline in a concise way until you have reached around 2,500(ish) words. If you're struggling to reach the of a case, word limit, don't panic. Pick out a single point in your argument that you feel hasn't been fully built upon world essay, and head back to your research.

There must be an additional quote or two that you could through in to make your point even clearer. Imagine your essay is a bit like a kebab stick: The meat is your essential points and you build on les miserables essay, them and build around each piece of meat with vegetables (quotes or remarks) to make the full kebab… time for a dinner break? Ensure that all the write literature essay, points you wanted to explore are on std know-how essay, paper (or screen) and explained fully. Are all your facts correct? Make things more wordy (or less, depending on write good essay, your circumstance) in order to paper rubrics, hit your word limit. You should also check that your essay flows nicely. Are your paragraphs linked? Does it all make sense? Do a quick spell check and make sure you have time for potential printer issues.

We've all been there! A lot of students overlook the importance of spelling and grammar. Write Good World Literature. It differs from of a business case, uni to uni, subject to subject and tutor to tutor, but generally your writing style, spelling and grammar can account for up to 10-20% of your grade. Make sure you edit properly! If you take your time to nail this then you could already be 1/4 of the way to passing!

While completing essays 24 hours before the deadline is world, far from recommended and unlikely to get you the best grades you've ever gotten (try our top tips for getting a first if that's your goal), this guide should at least prevent tears in the library (been there) and the need for any extensions. Essay. Remember, this is write good world essay, a worst case scenario solution and not something you should be making a habit of! Now, why are you still reading? We all know you've got work to do! Good luck! Exams coming up? Check out of a study, our guide on how to revise in one day too. If you're starting to feel the pressure mounting up, we've also got some great tips for write good world beating exam stress, too. If you have any great tips you think we've missed, we'd love to hear them – use the comments section below!

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