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How to Plan & Write an Expository Essay - YouTube

Write expository essay elementary

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How to Write an Expository Essay – Time4Writing com | Time4Writing

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How to Plan & Write an Expository Essay - YouTube

How to Write an Artist’s CV When You Don’t Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience. The post How to Write an Artist CV in 10 Steps is the most popular in the history of The Practical Art World. Some of the most frequently asked questions people have after reading it are “What if I don’t have an exhibition history?” or “What if I didn’t go to school?” For new and emerging artists, creating an expository artist’s CV can be a bit of a Catch 22. You don’t have much or any experience to put on your CV, but to apply for “experience” in the form of exhibitions, grants, and schooling, you are asked to provide a CV. Fortunately, there are ways to tailor what relevant experience you have into an artist’s CV format. Just remember: don’t lie, and don’t make up anything that doesn’t exist. Statement? Just tell the truth, shaping it a little (creatively– it’s what you do best, right?) into write the established CV format. Research Paper Thesis Statement? If you haven’t already read How to Create an Artist’s CV in 10 Steps, start there.

Below are suggestions which elaborate on some of the points, aimed specifically at “professionalizing” the CV of an artist who has yet to gain, appropriately, professional experience as an artist. Refer to expository essay elementary, point 1 in the original article. As I mentioned, many established artists keep this section quite short. However, if you don’t have a lot of types school other material and experiences to add to the rest of the CV, this is write expository essay elementary a good opportunity to socialization, tell your reader about write essay yourself. Adding a very brief bio / artist statement can be good if you would like to talk about experiences which don’t fit into the rest of the CV. Thesis About? If you are going to do this, just remember to keep it brief and concise. DON’T oversell yourself: you will look like a professional, dedicated emerging artist if you are honest.

You will look desperate if you pretend to be something you are not. Example of essay elementary bad contact details: Sometimes called the world’s most famous artist. Email me! fancypants@yahoo.com Example of good contact details. Currently lives and works in Paris, France.

Refer to socialization, point 2 in the original article. Many emerging as well as professional artists are self-taught, and expository essay yet for some reason the education section of a CV tends to be intimidating for all but those who have a Masters degree. It doesn’t have to be that way. DON’T list any education on your CV that doesn’t explicitly link to your art career (like your degree in obesity, biology). Example of a good education history, for those who did not attend “art school” or university. Example of a bad education history, for those who did not attend “art school” or university. One hour workshop with Lynne McLaughlin. Informal classes with Tom Backlund. Has received feedback from Geoff Parker.

Bachelor of write essay Science, Biology major. One way to help homework, add exhibitions to your CV is to list any which are forthcoming. If you’ve got something lined up, it’s perfectly acceptable to include it on your CV before it’s happened. Expository Essay? Just add “(forthcoming)” to each exhibition which hasn’t actually happened yet. Another trick for plumping up your exhibition history is a little bit cheeky. I realized this loophole when I saw some site-specific installations on a CV. After a little digging, I realized that the artworks were installed guerrilla-style. College Essays? In other words, someone made art and put it somewhere without invitation or the formal facets of a traditional exhibition. I’m all for this idea, as long as it doesn’t involve breaking laws or damaging property. Essay Elementary? It’s a great idea to show your artwork (though, you might not be able to of essays, get it back), and certainly an artistic project that can be added to expository essay elementary, your CV under your exhibition history. Essays? Just make sure you classify it properly, as to not mislead anyone!

DON’T make anything up. Example of a good exhibition list. 2012 Site-specific installation, “ Alleyway” , Vancouver, BC. Example of a bad exhibition list. Refer to write, point 5 from the original article. Types School? If you are an new or emerging artist, you probably do not have your work in any public collections.

Luckily, it’s fair game to list anyone who owns your work, including people to write expository, whom you have gifted your artwork. Collectors who own your work are normally listed on school, your CV as “Private collection,” followed by their location. You should not actually name someone unless they have explicitly agreed to be listed as a collector of your work, and / or if you have some other reason to expository, do so (for example, they are a very well-known collector). DO make a list of of essays in high school people who own your work, even if they didn’t actually purchase it; most of these you can convert to “Private collection,” followed by expository essay elementary, location. DON’T put your Mom’s name on the list, or anyone with the same last name as you. DON’T list a city more than once if more than one person owns your work there. Example of a good collection list. Example of a bad collection list.

FINALLY, IF YOU HAVE AN ESPECIALLY SHORT CV AND THINGS ARE LOOKING DESPERATE. You can think of some creative ways to visually enhance your CV: Include an image of your artwork (not usually recommended, but between that and the blank page, one image is better). About? Center your text with large margins. Yes, this is cheating when you’re writing an essay. But if you do it properly, you can make your CV look visually planned and expository essay striking. Include an thesis about artist statement and CV on one single page.

Often these are asked for separately, but if you are able to expository essay elementary, combine them, it’s a great way to types of essays school, make your presentation look great. 69 thoughts on “ How to Write an Artist’s CV When You Don’t Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience ” I just LOVE your informative post, Fantastic advice!! I’ll be coming to read this again for expository elementary, sure. Have a lovely day. God Bless. Nice. Always a pleasure to read a well thought out post.

Hello, I’m an emerging artist writing a CV. Your article has been very helpful, but I have one question. I am an assistant for two artists – one well-known in my area and one very well-known in the larger art world. I would like to include this work experience in my CV somewhere. Homework? The local artist is write expository elementary a semi-paid position and research paper statement the well-known artists is unpaid. While they are not exactly my mentors, I did take on these positions in order to gain experience in write essay, the art world and essays learn about how to be a professional artist.

I believe it would be helpful to have their names on my CV and I am very proud of my work with them. Where would you recommend putting these entries, if at expository essay elementary, all? Hi Bekah, I think it’s a great idea to foreign thesis, add these to your CV. You can create your own heading, “Assistant-ships,” or something similar to list them under. I think it gets the point across that you are gaining experience, while still not explicitly naming them your “mentors.” Definitely include this! I would put it under the heading ‘Professional experience’ or even just a sentence saying something along the lines of:

Assistant to: Damien Hirst (2004 – present), Anthony Gormley (2002) A lot of young and emerging artists do not have a lot of expository elementary exhibitions to add to their CVs but it is worthwhile remembering art-related work (paid or unpaid) which was not directly related to your own practice, such as assisting other artists, or invigilation, volunteering etc. This is paper thesis statement a nice blog you’ve got going! I am always impressed by people who show dedication to their passions and to their craft. Your blog reminds me of a women who is currently offering a very unique service by showcasing her skills in expository essay elementary, spray-painting. I implore anyone and thesis everyone to click the expository essay elementary following link to see what she has to offer #128578; Hey thank you very much for this help, i really need it! Questions : In the exhibitions should i also include the title or something else than “Group exhibition, location, date”? My problem is that i had to much shows in one gallery and it looks a little repeating!!

Thanks #128512; Hi, it’s good to include the nrw 2012 title of the show if there is elementary one. Very helpful for the self-taught emerging artist! Thank you! How should I include online features? I have several features (interview, review, portfolio) online, how should I refer to foreign thesis, them? Also, what to do with features/interviews that are not in English (I’m from Germany), should I include them as well?

Online features are great to include. You could list the German pieces with their German titles, and include english translations in brackets if you see fit (but it’s not absolutely necessary). and additional question… under which category should I put online features? bibliography, publications or something like ‘selected press’? thanks for your help. so glad i found this!! #128578; just a question though what do you think of the more creative resumes/cvs? the ones where it practically looks like an artwork itself? I personally think it should look clean, readable, and not too unconventional… then again, it probably depends on where you are submitting it!

I have a business background, no artistic experience (at all), but a promising submission. What should I do? I enter a lot of juried online art shows. How does one show these on a CV. Checking my blog kenben.org will give you examples in write expository elementary, my about me. Thank you for the great ideas for essays, us beginners.

I’d like to get a little clarification on exactly what constitutes an exhibition. Write Expository Essay Elementary? I have had work for foreign about, sale in several different galleries over the course of elementary several years, but it doesn’t seem like that’s what is meant to be included under the EXHIBITIONS heading. I have had my work in a few short term shows (not in galleries), and thesis about homosexuality I’ve also just been juried in to show my work at an important gallery.I think those probably do qualify as EXHIBITIONS, but it’s just a gut feeling. Could you please give us some guidance as to what qualifies as an EXHIBITION. For example, does it have to be in a “gallery” or does a bunch of expository essay artists getting together to put on a show count? Does it have to be a juried show or is it OK to count shows where they let pretty much anyone in? Does it need to be short term in nature, like a week or a month, or does having your work in a gallery for five years count, and if so, what do you list for the date of the in high school exhibition? Whenever your work is exhibited, that is an exhibition. I don’t know if there is write essay elementary one true definition, but that’s what I think! I also think it is an types of essays acceptable rule of thumb for your CV. If you have work on elementary, exhibit for a long period of time, I would suggest saying “ongoing” for types of essays, the date.

This is one of the best, and easiest articles to understand,I would refer you to everyone.Thank you. Thank you for such awesome and write essay elementary informative articles! I was invited to research paper statement, apply for essay, an artist in residence program (it was invitation only), and I was a finalist but I did not get the residency. I feel proud to be invited, should I add this to my resume? Certainly you should! Just make sure that it is worded in such a way to statement, make clear that you didn’t actually complete the residency. This is super helpful, thank you! I had a question though, I am trying to put together a CV [I am mainly an abstract painter] and write elementary I do have some experience and foreign homosexuality exhibitions to list but not a huge amount. I do however have a small business making artisanal jewelry out of sterling silver cutlery. Through this I have had some press and many juried shows.

Should I include some of write expository that in foreign thesis about, my CV as well? Or just focus on the painting side? I would include this on your CV, as it is part of your artistic experience. Essay? You don’t have to differentiate between the two mediums or state what kind of foreign thesis about homosexuality work you showed–you can just list all the exhibitions together. Likewise with press. I’m kind of write expository wondering the same thing as the business person in a reply a few posts up. College Board Ap Gov? I have a master’s degree in… something that has absolutely nothing to do with art. Write Expository Essay? I never took any formal art classes beyond high school, either. Homosexuality? What I’ve learned about art is from (lots of) reading and essay elementary doing. I feel like I’m creating a body of work that is relevant and has plenty to say, but my only meaningful exposure is ap gov essays a reasonably active Instagram account that is slowly, but steadily gaining followers. (I have a dA account, too, but that one’s not getting much action.) Moreover, for personal reasons that I’d rather not get into here, I want to remain as anonymous as possible for now, and I would really like my work to just speak for itself.

Am I just screwed, or do you have any ideas on elementary, how I should go about this? Thanks very much. This is very helpful as I’m getting ready to submit works for an upcoming arts festival. Essay? I’m using your ideas of naming instructors and private collections, A question – I am self-taught, however, I grew up in a family of artists and writers, such that being around paint and other materials is second nature to write expository elementary, me. I also plan on enrolling in school with the goal of obesity research paper statement obtaining a studio art degree from a local college. Should I somehow note these points on the bio/CV? Thanks. Hey… Thank you for write essay elementary, this great article.

I have a question to ask you what if I have many art awards because I joined art competition since I was 12, how should I selected them to put on CV — should I put them all??– or only the award I got recently??– I’ve just graduated in art major so I’m very new to college board ap gov essays, the real art world outside. Should I select only the expository 1st prize or was a winner? I would suggest putting the most recent awards, as well as the paper thesis largest or the write expository ones with the most exposure. You don’t need to put them all, just the ones which seem most relevant to your current practice. You can include awards where you were recognized but were not the “winner”, just make sure to obesity research paper statement, indicate. This is extremely helpful. Thank you. Echoing the long line of elementary thank yous for essay wettbewerb, this and a quick question – I’m primarily trying to write expository elementary, promote myself as a painter and illustrator, however I work full time as essentially a creative director and graphic designer and essay wettbewerb nrw 2012 while I think I probably should include it because it’s in expository essay elementary, a creative field and it relates, I’m not sure how much to include and what to talk about. This is nrw 2012 very helpful!

I wonder how best to show my education, I went to University for my BFA but did not complete my degree? I got extremely close but had to stop for financial reasons. hi there all again…. Do you possibly have another useful blog like this about expository essay elementary writing artists bio’s by any chance?! Thanks for the idea, this could happen in the future! Thanks for the great information I am an emerging artist one of college ap gov essays my primary mediums is blacksmithing. I have done demonstrations as a member of the local blacksmith guild at our states agricultural fair. How would I reflect this on my CV.

I also had my work on display/for sale in an attached shop how should I reflect that on my CV? You could make a heading called “Demonstrations” and write include the info about the my physics homework agricultural fair. If the write elementary works were on display, you could list that under “Exhibitions”. Hello there! This blog is in high wonderful and write essay elementary this post has been most helpful. My query: I sold one of my photographs to a large, well-known company for use in homework, a film, and write expository essay elementary I feel like I should list this but am unsure under what heading.

Thanks for your help and time in replying. You could list this under “Collections” as the obesity research paper thesis statement well-known company is now the owner of the work. Side note: since the piece was in a movie, it’s not a secret that they own it. If they had bought it for private display or collection, it would be best not to list them by name unless they have given you permission to share their information. This blog post has been very useful indeed, thank you. Write? I have a question relating to me with homework, private commissions, I am a digital artist so technically no physical copy of the end product exists and as such, I’m unsure as to whether I could list them under “collections”. I have done some commercial pieces recently but most of my work is commissioned for personal use – how would you list this kind of expository essay experience on a CV?

It’s remarkable in board essays, support of mee to have a site, which is beneficial designed for write expository essay elementary, my knowledge. Thanks so much for this. It was a life saver! I am president of my local art guild. Is that ok to have on the CV and if so, where should I put it? Wao! This is great info…i am an abstract surealist n hv been wondering hw to creat a great artist CV n dis is in high incredible…thanx alot. I was wondering if its appropriate to put in the pictures of the works you had done for an artist in your portfolio.

I have been working for an artist and write expository had been doing many of foreign thesis about his art works. Essay? Do let me know before I request him for pictures of the work. thank you for this. Hello, I am going to college board, be selling some of expository essay elementary my work at an art market and wanted to essay on political, include this on my CV. Write? Where would this fit under? Also, just to clarify on the collections point-is it okay to put more than one from the essay on political socialization same state(or county in England). Write? Thank you very much. What if my only exhibition was a senior show in board, highschool? And I have attended two colleges, do I put both of them in?

Thank you so much,I hv recently moved to expository, a different country,and as a young emerging self taught artist,I have been having difficultie marketing myself…thanks again. Thank you for this– it’s so useful. Socialization? One question: Can I include favorable reviews in expository, my CV? I am self taught jewlery maker and have exhibited in a few shows but I also have a regular stall in a local makers market. How do I incorporate my stall into essay on political my CV, and also local shops that stock my jewellery? Should I? and what about previous stockists? Reblogged this on write expository elementary, Cricketswool and in high commented:

I’m entering the Ellarslie Open in Trenton NJ and for the first time encountered a request to submit an artist’s resume along with my work. This led me to a post on The Practical Art World. Essay Elementary? I highly recommend this blog and especially this post to all artists. hi there, thank all of obesity you very much to share your experience. i’m a self-taught painter and not much art training. i had a bachelor in acting from a national academy, should i include in my cv under the write expository ‘education’? thank you a lot in advance best regards berkeley. I have an obesity research interesting situation. I started out as a fine artist in the 80’s. Then I veered off and became very successful as an illustrator. Then I took off a decade to write essay elementary, be an actor. I came back to wettbewerb, illustration at the turn of century and had lots of success.

About four years ago, I quit illustration and came back to fine art. I instantly won a bunch of awards at high profiles competitions. I’ve sold and still sell a tremendous amount of work on my own and through an agent in Germany. I’ve always avoided gallery representation like the plague, but I’m evolving on that. Write Expository Essay Elementary? All of obesity research paper thesis statement a sudden I’m getting interest from several representational galleries. I’m given speaking engagements and workshops. And everyone wants a CV. Problem is that though I’ve been doing art for a long time, my CV doesn’t look like much and I can’t remember much of my winnings and exhibitions over write essay elementary, the years, let alone who owns my work.

Should I be putting in my illustration accolades too? I feel a bit like a fraud. What should I do? You have no idea how this helped me! Your post was so easy to follow and foreign about had such good examples. Although I really have very little to put in my resume, your tips helped me make it look decent! Thank you! Very helpful the comments too. Thank you for adding that part about “guerilla art”. As a new installation artist (I’ve had two exhibitions now!) most of write my art work was created guerilla style, but I plan to only add one very large piece I did in my CV.

As you say, don’t OVER play it. Thank you again for this. Writing the CV is putting a knot in my stomach. You helped me break it down simplify it. I think I can actually manage it now. #128578;

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How to Plan & Write an Expository Essay - YouTube

The Great Debate Around Cycling Helmet Laws. Nothing has been more hotly debated or more polarizing than the expository essay debate about the merits of mandatory bike helmet laws. In the global cycling community, nothing has been more hotly debated or more polarizing than the debate about the merits of mandatory helmet laws. Carla Danley is a former emergency room nurse who has seen her fair share of head injuries. She has also been a daily bicycle rider since 2009 when, at age 50, she moved to Portland, OR, and launched headlong into the city’s vibrant bike scene. In Portland, bicycling verges on the mainstream.

Danley is on political, one of many who choose to wear a helmet every time they ride. “It’s in my marriage contract,” she said. Write Expository Essay? Her husband lost his teenage sister after she was struck by a car while on board a cross-Canada bike trip. “One of the things I give him credit for is: when we moved to Oregon, I was like, ‘I’m going to get rid of my car and ride a bike’, and he has always been behind me 100 percent,” she said. “But he is really clear that he wants me to use bike lights at night and have a helmet on write elementary all the time. College Board Ap Gov? And I’m good with that.” Across the globe, in Western Australia, Sue Abbott, a 50-year-old mother of four who has cycled for transportation for 46 years, has never worn a bike helmet. Even after 1991 when Australia became the first country to pass a mandatory helmet law for expository both adults and children, she rode helmet-free, an act that soon earned her a stiff ticket. Abbott emerged victorious last August from wettbewerb nrw 2012 a string of court battles over her right to cycle bare-headed in write elementary her town of Scone, New South Wales.

Aiding her suit was the embattled and contradictory state of scientific research on the efficacy of types of essays school, bike helmets for expository safety. Since the bike helmet question is one of the most fiercely debated and polarized issues in transportation bicycling, the types of essays school question is, which is more important: personal freedom or a precautionary approach that mandates defensive cycling? Should the government step in to enforce head protection or should the write essay elementary onus be on the individual? The science around bike helmets is murky, but the political philosophies in question are sharply delineated. A Brief History of Helmets and Cycling Laws. For much of the help my physics history of the bicycle there were no helmets, only protective leather caps occasionally worn by bike racers, motorists, aeronauts, rugby players, and expository essay mountaineers. Helmets, as we know them today, did not exist until 1975, when Bell Sports introduced the first polystyrene model to the United States market. First constructed to protect the skull by crushing on impact, there has been little aesthetic or material innovation in their design until recent years. Now, in North America, fanciful or sleek helmet shells with minimal venting, such as those made by Nutcase and Bern, are becoming popular among everyday cyclists.

In Europe, the Ribcap – a knit hat with soft inserts that harden on impact – is all the rage for bicycling and skiing. Are Bicycle Helmets Holding Us Back? The first mandatory bicycle helmet laws that went into help my physics homework, effect in California in 1987 and write expository New York in 1989 applied only to young children who were passengers on types of essays in high school a bike. Since then, bicycle helmet laws passed across North America and the world mostly govern children under 16 years of age. These laws are increasingly contentious. In Tel Aviv, an attempt to expository essay elementary repeal existing helmet laws is being fought as fiercely as successful attempts to me with my physics homework impose them in Vancouver, WA, which passed an all-ages helmet law last year. Northern Ireland, Chicago, IL, and Minneapolis, MN, are all considering instituting mandatory helmet laws for children under the expository essay age of in high school, 16.

Mexico City may have had the shortest-lived helmet law – it was passed in 2009 and repealed a year later in the face of write essay elementary, intense opposition. Cycling helmet-clad and helmet-less in Oxford, UK. Photo by Tejvan Pettinger. Pro-helmet advocates compare helmets to seat belts – a common sense response to help my physics a known safety problem. They have at their service a wealth of expository elementary, data. In the US, head trauma is the homosexuality cause of over write half of board essays, bicycle-related fatalities, with survival of serious crashes strongly linked to helmet use. Also to write expository the point, helmet laws have been shown to be more effective than education campaigns at getting helmets on heads. Opponents of helmet laws see them as a barometer of a society’s regard for me with personal freedom. Expository Essay Elementary? They point to research finding that helmets do not in fact protect wearers in the most common types of essay nrw 2012, bicycle crashes, which result in scrapes and other injuries to the arms and legs.

In some cases, research shows that helmets might even cause brain injuries as a result of the essay mechanical twisting effect that occurs upon impact. Others insist that helmet laws lead to more dangerous bicycling conditions. A British traffic psychologist used sensors to wettbewerb discover that when he biked to work without a helmet, passing drivers gave him more room on the road – though not as much room as when he wore a flowing wig! Australia experienced a drop in bicycle use after its helmet law came into expository elementary, effect. Common sense might lead one to believe that this is a good thing, that fewer bicyclists would mean fewer injuries. But studies worldwide have repeatedly shown the opposite to be true: the wettbewerb more people ride bikes, the safer bicycling becomes. This phenomenon is called “Safety in Numbers.” Its core principle is that people on bikes rely largely on the kindness of strangers for their safety – the ones whizzing past them in their cars. As more people ride, drivers become more skilled, tolerant and write aware of the presence of cyclists, making roads safer for types in high people on bikes – and for everyone else, too, for expository essay elementary that matter. The popularity of public bike sharing systems raises another issue around mandatory bicycle helmet laws: how to have both at the same time?

City leaders worldwide are discovering the appeal of self-service kiosks where bicycles can be rented cheaply for short trips. Bike share systems are an affordable way to boost bicycle mode share and safety nearly overnight. But no feasible means has yet been found to research paper thesis statement incorporate helmets into such schemes, leaving all-ages helmet law cities, such as Vancouver, BC, struggling to essay elementary find a way to reap the rewards of a public bike system. It isn’t just cycling helmet laws that face growing opposition. Increasingly, helmets themselves have come under fire. Mikael Colville-Andersen, a cycling advocate and about marketing consultant in Denmark, took the cultural battle to the next level in a highly publicized speech called “Why we shouldn’t wear bike helmets.” In his TEDx talk, viewable on YouTube, Colville-Andersen associates helmets with what he calls a “culture of fear.” Helmet use, he said, sends the message that bicycling is write expository essay elementary, dangerous. We’d laugh at wearing helmets for other daily activities that carry a significant risk of head injury, such as walking, driving, bathing and using stairs. Why, he asked, is bicycling singled out as dangerous? Debra Rolfe, an American-British urban planning master’s student in Vancouver, BC, agreed. Types? North America’s helmet culture is the worst, she said. “It’s like complete strangers walking up to you and lecturing you about how what you’re eating for lunch is going to expository essay kill you.”

“Most societies in on political the developed world spend far more money on inactivity-related illnesses than they do on trauma care,” she added. “We should be doing everything we possibly can to save lives by getting people to exercise.” Ultimately, Rolfe calls helmets “an unfortunate distraction from the real major safety issue affecting cyclists: Cars. Whether or not individuals choose to wear bike helmets is irrelevant, but the cycling community in essay elementary North America spends a huge amount of time debating it, when it could be doing so much more to statement improve conditions.” But Should I Wear a Bike Helmet, Seriously? When it comes down to it, the write expository elementary decision about whether or not to don a helmet is often less about scientific studies, political philosophies or even laws, and more about one’s beliefs and sense of safety, or lack thereof, on essay nrw 2012 the road. Elena Findley-de Regt, 29, a Dutch-American citizen who has lived and cycled in the Netherlands, the US, Spain and, now, the UK, has observed a wide range of write expository essay, helmet customs. “When I’m cycling in the Netherlands,” she said, “I don’t wear a helmet, never have and wouldn’t dream of it.” There, she feels that riding is safe, thanks to “very minimal interaction with motor vehicles due to separated bike paths” and a “critical mass of cyclists with generally low overall riding speeds.” And there’s a cultural element. In High? “The Dutch tend to have a pragmatic approach to most things in life – the simplest answer is most likely the best. Fussing with a helmet is an extra, unnecessary step.” “Philosophically,” she said, “I believe that cycling should be such a normal, integrated part of transportation infrastructure that no special equipment is elementary, required.” But when riding in any other country, she wears a helmet. “This has a lot to thesis do with my confidence in the riding conditions, and write expository elementary especially my trust in other road users to behave appropriately.”

Habitual use and cultural norms, as well as compelling personal stories, influence helmet beliefs. Ellen Jacobson said that her husband, also a fervent helmet advocate, began wearing one only when they became mainstream in thesis the 1980s. Write Elementary? She doesn’t recall exactly when he made the types transition, but does remember that he began wearing a ski helmet after the highly publicized skiing death of essay elementary, Sunny Bono in 1998. One perspective that seems capable of ap gov essays, bringing about agreement across the fiery lines of the helmet debate is equity. Ellen Jacobson, who coordinates the Kiwanis Club’s bicycle program in Sparks, NV, is a true helmet believer, having devoted much of the past decade to bicycle safety programs for kids. But she wants to make one thing clear: “I am against having a helmet law in Nevada. Most of the expository elementary kids who don’t wear helmets are extremely low income. If you fine them, what you’re really doing is taking food off the table. Essay On Political Socialization? And the fine doesn’t put a helmet on their heads.” Carla Danley, the former ER nurse, leans instinctively towards supporting an all-ages helmet law. “I think it almost has to be something that’s legislated so that people are fined,” she mused, quickly adding the caveat, “but I’d be concerned about certain populations being targeted more than others.” It seems we have reached a decisive moment in write expository the history of urban cycling.

If the pro college board essays, helmet faction wins, it’s likely that we will see mandatory helmet laws sweeping across Canada and the US. Write Expository Essay Elementary? If, on the other hand, the pro-choice group wins, existing helmet laws will soon be abolished, potentially changing the foreign thesis about homosexuality face of write expository, cycling in those cities that currently require helmet use by law. There is a lot riding on this debate, and it’s unlikely to fade into the distance anytime soon. This article was originally published in 2011 and has been updated. Your article is riddled with rumors, misstatements and essays untruths. There is NOT a SINGLE study showing bike helmets protect from trauma. Bike helmets are not designed to protect from trauma.

Bike helmets are designed to protect your head from write expository elementary minor injuries due to contact with other items while riding. Essay Socialization? This statement is an write elementary outright fabrication. “In the US, head trauma is the ap gov cause of over half of bicycle-related fatalities, with survival of serious crashes strongly linked to helmet use.” No recognized scientific study has ever supported this. Want better proof, no bicycle helmet manufacturer would say this. In fact, look at write expository elementary, all the marketing for bicycle helmets. If bicycle helmets protected your head don’t you think the bicycle helmet manufactures would say so? Don’t you think they would advertise that fact. NO BICYCLE HELMET MANUFACTURER STATES A HELMET WILL PROTECT YOU HEAD.

Why, because they don’t want to foreign homosexuality be sued when the expository bicycle helmet wont, can’t and will not protect your head. I know. I am a member of ASTM F08.53 Headgear and on political Helmets committee. I am the write expository essay elementary US representative to nrw 2012 the UIAA which creates standards for helmets in outdoor sports in Europe. Expository Essay? Bike helmets are not designed and nrw 2012 do not protect from trauma. For many years now, I have worn a helmet, and sworn by write elementary them. About ten years or so ago, I crashed my bike on wettbewerb black ice. Thank God I was wearing a helmet that day, I could swear that it saved my life. Write? If I am going anywhere by help me with homework bike, I always, without fail, put on essay elementary my helmet!

Yeah, sure the helmets are safer for kids but 12 and up I don’t feel it is nessassary. I bet its better to wear one but I feel higher without one like I make my 6 year old but I force my 13 not to nrw 2012 one we feel the same way. I believe you failed to fairly treat the scientific evidence question of this matter seriously. The best, most recent studies show that helmet use provides very little protection, and at best neutral outcomes when it comes to preventing head injuries let alone improved public health. Even the very pro helmet magazine Bicycling published and article with the byline that the science shows helmets do not prevent concussions. Write? Can’t link directly but it seems the foreign CBC interviewed the author here: Hope Hedy Fry reads this. In my opinion we have to build better roads and severely punish the driver of write, any vehicle, mostly cars, that operate said vehicle in a manner where they might endanger others. Everyone pro and con needs to look at essay on political socialization, the testing standard and how that that to the real world. 150 Joules of energy against a flat surface, the current CPSC’s current testing criteria is a very nominal blow to absorb before failing. The standard when helmets first appeared was over 300 Joules but the helmet manufactures fought to expository essay lower the obesity research standard so that they could sell more product.

Yeah unfettered capitalism. What other product, safety or otherwise is half as capable today than in 1990? As for Carla Danley’s sister in law I’m sorry for her and her husbands loss, I don’t know the write expository elementary circumstances of essay wettbewerb nrw 2012, that accident but if it’s like virtually all car caused bike fatalities a helmet would not have zero difference, to use that as reasoning to enforce their preferred pieces of write expository essay, safety equipment when there is no evidence to support its efficacy has no place in a free and essay wettbewerb moral society. No helmet can **prevent** a concussion, but helmets can substantially reduce the risk of a concussions. Write Expository Essay? Yes, there are improvements to be made (such as improved handling of college ap gov, rotational forces), but that does not mean they are useless. It also sounds like you do not understand how helmets attenuate impacts. They don’t reduce the essay total energy, just the peak force experienced by the brain. Reducing peak force makes the impact imminently more survivable as it puts it in the range the brain can handle. Finally, what is right for college ap gov an individual may not make sense at the population level, but just because a general effect is not observed at the population level does not mean there isn’t a benefit for write elementary the individual. This is called an ecological fallacy and college board it really muddies the water when people talk about the efficacy of helmets. Well I don’t know what your credentials are but this quote from the essay CBC link above from renowned neurosurgeon Charles Tator who treats individuals with major head trauma should clear things up for you; “Current bike helmets, Tator says, “are pretty well useless in college attenuating rotational acceleration” in the previous paragraph he explains that it is rotational forces that cause major brain injuries so yeah the write expository thing that you call a bike helmet which is college board, really just 50 cents of Styrofoam formed into write expository essay, a sporty hat can only provide minimal protection again bruises, contusion and minor skull fractures and is of no help, and can (actually has in Australian and New Zealand but I’ll save that for later) very well worsen brain injury by either not mitigating and or magnifying rotational forces or leading people to behave more recklessly through the phenomena of “risk compensation” and getting into board, accidents that they would not have otherwise.

So that’s how helmets work, if you want to write expository essay elementary actually be informed the about homosexuality next time you post on this topic you should read “The efficacy of bicycle helmets against brain injury” by WJ Curnow published here; As for helmet functionality and capacity here is an elementary excellent overview by Brian Walker one of the leading experts on the mechanics of helmets, and whose company Head Protection Evaluations is the me with principal UK test laboratory for write elementary helmets and head protection systems of thesis about, all kinds. The linked pdfs from the write expository essay elementary defunct magazine Cycle are an excellent read and will explain bicycle helmets in ap gov simple terms that you should be able to understand. Write Essay Elementary? You can believe the available science or you can believe what your amygdala tells you but if it’s fear that you choose to base your decisions on you have no right to expect or worse demand that others also act irrationally on paper unfounded fear with no supporting evidence. Well I don’t know what your credentials are but this quote from the CBC link above from renowned neurosurgeon Charles Tator who treats individuals with major head trauma should clear things up for write expository you; “Current bike helmets, Tator says, “are pretty well useless in attenuating rotational acceleration” in foreign thesis about the previous paragraph he explains that it is rotational forces that cause major brain injuries so yeah the thing that you call a bike helmet which is really just 50 cents of Styrofoam formed into write expository essay elementary, a sporty hat can only provide minimal protection again bruises, contusion and minor skull fractures and research thesis statement is of no help, and can (actually has in write expository essay elementary Australian and New Zealand but I’ll save that for later) very well worsen brain injury by either not mitigating and or magnifying rotational forces or leading people to behave more recklessly through the phenomena of “risk compensation” and getting into accidents that they would not have otherwise.

So that’s how helmets work, if you want to actually be informed the next time you post on this topic you should read “The efficacy of college, bicycle helmets against essay, brain injury” by WJ Curnow published here; As for helmet functionality and capacity here is an excellent overview by Brian Walker one of the homework leading experts on the mechanics of helmets, and whose company Head Protection Evaluations is the principal UK test laboratory for helmets and head protection systems of all kinds. The linked pdfs from the defunct magazine Cycle are an write essay elementary excellent read and will explain bicycle helmets in simple terms that you should be able to understand. You can believe the thesis available science or you can believe what your amygdala tells you but if it’s fear that you choose to write elementary base your decisions on you have no right to expect or worse demand that others also act irrationally on unfounded fear with no supporting evidence. There is data to show that helmets do NOT prevent concussion. I always wear a helmet, but do not believe that a flimsy styrafoam shell can effectivly prevent concusions. I believe that some head protection in an accident is better than none, so I always wear a helmet. But, my personal choice should NOT be regulated by safety advocates, insurance lobbyist, and safety nazis.

The day that the make helmets mandatory in my city or state is when I will burn my helmet in front of city hall. Despite support from the wettbewerb nrw 2012 Spanish government, the expository essay elementary Spanish parliament rejected mandatory helmets for adults two years ago after hearing evidence on in high the negative effects in Australia and listening to testimony strongly criticising mandatory helmet laws from a representative of the World Health Organisation. Bravo. Expository Essay? A law can’t distinguish between a fast athletic rider (racer or “road rider) and someone pootling to the shops on an old 3-speed. . . . There is no difference between the fast racer and the slow recreational cyclist … both fall at the same speed and hit the pavement just as hard. The laws of Nature (gravity vertical acceleration) cannot be disobeyed. You are not invincible. You’re a human being that can fall by yourself without anyone around. No car around. I’ve fallen 8 times off my bike in the last 25 years of essay, regular cycling. Write Expository Essay? I’m car-free.

7 times on black ice/snow in winter and there were no cars around. 8th time, latest…I was knocked down this past New Year’s DAy, while cycling because another cyclist who was cycling too fast when he crashed into types, after I turned a corner on the Vancouver Seaside-Seawall path. Expository Essay? (in Yaletown) I have no memory of the in high accident, cyclist, his bike, nor being transported by write expository ambulance to essay nrw 2012 the hospital. My partner (a very well-known Vancouver cycling advocate) was riding 10 metres ahead of me, when he heard a huge awful crash behind me. I awoke in the hospital in pain, with my partner and physician bending over me, testing my memory. I lost my memory for about 4-5 hrs. after the accident/injury. I was tested for my memory for another 3 times over write essay elementary a 24 hr. College Board Ap Gov Essays? period. This how much vigilance must occur. Then after Jan. Write? 1, 2015, day of my crash, I spent 2 months on disability leave from work, lying in types of essays bed at home, for my brain to heal. During this time, I needed to walk with someone outside. My family physician and sister-emergency medicine doctor (who practices in Ontario and sees concussion often enough) instructed me on no computer screen time since computer screen movement/flickering is tiring on brain.

I was too dizzy..so my partner (Jack) did 90% of elementary, all the cooking, housework and 100% of on political, all grocery shopping during those 2 months. I could not move around even in the kitchen… Your brain dictates every movement of your limbs, what you see/recognize, what you hear, etc. Otherwise your body is a vegetable. Please remember this. Do NOT be caveliar, brash about cycling style, pay attention to expository essay elementary traffic signals..

If you consult the medical literature, please remember if you have several concussions in board essays a lifetime…it is cumulative. You don’t get “stronger”. And it isn’t merely hit on the pavement, it can be simply rapid, whiplash action which the brain knocks against expository, the skull. A friend of mine has a concussion from on political a car accident when her car was rear-ended. That all said: I have returned to essay elementary cycling..it’s been a slow process. One has to just rebuild some confidence. Essay On Political? And why not? If a driver was in an accident, do a lot of them stop driving? One factor of danger, that is write, super real that never existed 25 years ago, is thesis about, now problem of elementary, distracted car drivers on their cell phones, etc. Pay attention to types of essays school all drivers. Don’t trust them completely.

I don’t anymore. Expository Elementary? But then, I no longer rely on other cyclists to ring their bell or shout that they are behind me, etc. What you read about the concussions of hockey players, football players and soccer players….it’s the same thing..but sometimes worse. I was lucky my vision, etc. was not affected at all. The back of head, could have hit the thesis about homosexuality pavement but it was my helmet that blunted it….although the tightening disc dug abit into my scalp that I bled abit on the hospital pillow. Thanks for your anecdote, but that is all it is, an anecdote, and as we all know, the plural of anecdote is not data. Sure.

More of a warning not to take your own invincibility for granted, Richard. My partner also had a mild concussion in 2010, when another cyclist crashed into him about half km. west of same area where I had my crash. His helmet was destroyed. He was examined in emergency services at hospital. Cyclist bought him a new helmet. He recently met anther cycling advocate in Vancouver, within last 24 months…she had crashed and he could see the effects on her while he was speaking with her. I am currently working on realigning my sleep with help of write essay elementary, a sleep doctor-specialist. It’s not worth wasting our effort trying to research paper statement convince people not to wear helmets. Car lovers love this type of distraction …where more needs to spent on cycling infrastructure for safety. Jean, you sure do seem to fall off your bike quite a bit.

Have you thought of essay, maybe taking a bicycle skills class? Seven times you hit the pavement on ice, you’d think an “experienced” rider would learn after the first fall to change your gear, ie studded tires, or take public transportation seeing as you feel no need for an automobile. It seems in on political socialization your case you may be safer driving in essay elementary winter than risking that smart brain of yours to a flimsy piece of of essays in high, plastic. Write Expository Elementary? Good riding skills and following traffic laws, we cyclists are by law a legal vehicle, equals safer riding. On Political Socialization? I live is South Georgia where cyclists are as rare as a DoDo bird and write essay elementary the population believes “real” sports involve obnoxious four wheel drive trucks, fishing poles or guns. Come down here and essay on political socialization ride, you quickly realize that a bicycle helmet will be the expository least of your worries. And for the record I’ve been cycling for board ap gov essays 27 years and have been hit once by write expository essay a motor vehicle while stationed in Germany.

The Polizei treat car/bike crashes like a crime scene and it was swiftly determined that the driver of the motor vehicle that hit me was at fault 100%. The danger is drivers not bicycles. Unless you fall down frequently. “Helmets, as we know them today, did not exist until 1975, when Bell Sports introduced the first polystyrene model to the United States market. First constructed to protect the skull by crushing on impact, there has been little aesthetic or material innovation in their design until recent years.” The helmet went through tremendous evolution well before the last few years. Early helmets were terribly heavy (the venerable Bell V1 Pro comes to mind). In the late ’80s they cut the weight of helmets by more than half.

By the mid ’90s they’d dramatically improved the essay ventilation. Then they introduced the write expository essay elementary adjustable retention system (such as the dial you see on college board essays the back of write essay elementary, so many helmets) by the early 2000s. Massive innovation began well before the halfway mark of the helmet and continues to this day. Whatever one’s opinion on of essays helmets, it’s factually incorrect to say that they have evolved little until recently. “In some cases, research shows that helmets might even cause brain injuries as a result of the mechanical twisting effect that occurs upon impact.” Many new helmets have MIPS, or another anti-concussion system, that compensates for this, reducing concussion and mechanical twisting effects. Write? I have one myself for thesis about this very concern. Expository Elementary? As prices come down, this argument becomes increasingly irrelevant.

“Others insist that helmet laws lead to more dangerous bicycling conditions. My Physics? A British traffic psychologist used sensors to discover that when he biked to work without a helmet, passing drivers gave him more room on the road – though not as much room as when he wore a flowing wig!” What “sensors”? The only expository, study along these lines that I found had a British psychologist doing what you discussed, and then recording his *perception* of the birth he was given, which is hardly scientific. Do you have a link to this study? I couldn’t find it. Board Essays? And the related one I found is in disrepute. “In his TEDx talk, viewable on YouTube, Colville-Andersen associates helmets with what he calls a “culture of write elementary, fear.” Helmet use, he said, sends the message that bicycling is college ap gov, dangerous.” This seems like an spurious argument when car companies spend millions of dollars every year bragging about the safety features they add (air bags, ABS, crumple zones, you name it), all without the average person seeming to be concerned that all cars are deathtraps.

I recommend updating the write elementary article as some of the above quotes are misleading, or straight-out incorrect. 15 seconds of of essays, googleing took me to this article in the BBC; Furthermore here is a long list of peer reviewed science in respected academic journals that might, if you’re open to a reasoned argument, lead you to question your sacrosanct belief in the efficacy of write expository essay elementary, bike helmets. At lot of the links no longer connect but 15 seconds max of essay on political, googling the study title and author will take you to the journal page where these studies are published. I’m totally against helmet laws and bicycle helmets. My head still hurts 2.5 years after being hit by a car. I am thankful every day that it was my helmet smashed all over the road and not my skull. One elementary aspect is omitted in this piece; Risk compensation. People who wear a helmet will tend to feel safer in write expository traffic.

This feeling of essay socialization, relative increased safety will reduce their vigilance in traffic, they will go faster, read others in traffic less attentively, look over their shoulders a little less etc. All in all someone who wears a helmet, will be more likely to get in an accident in the first place. Essay? That would be okay, if the helmet provided extraordinary increased safety, like the seatbelt does for car drivers, it does not. It provides no increased safety in accidents where the other part is a car. Helmets are only beneficial at speeds below 20 km/h and in collisions with other cyclists, pedestrians and individual accidents. Risk compensation are scientifically researched and foreign homosexuality well documented on many issues, from motor sports, ordinary car drivers to expository essay elementary helmet use in American football. The safer you feel the higher risks you take. In Denmark, bicyclists (about 25%) who uses a helmet and are involved in serious accidents, far outweighs bicyclist who did not.

Indicating bicyclists who use a helmet do get in much more serious accidents in the first place. The countries with the least helmet use The Netherlands and wettbewerb nrw 2012 Denmark, who also both have the best infrastructure for bikes, also have the least serious accidents per million km driven. And we are remarkably better than any other country. Infrastructure saves lifes, helmets does not. In Denmark the risk of expository essay, getting killed per trip, per hour in traffic and per foreign about homosexuality km driven is on par with car drivers/passengers, whereas motorcyclists and pedestrians have many times higher risks. According to australian research 50% of car drivers/passengers killed, die due to head trauma.

The total number of killed are dominated by car drivers/passengers. Cyclists who are killed, die due to full body trauma, getting hit by a car at high speeds (50 km/h+) and slow driving trucks, primarily accidents, where a plastic coveres styrofoam helmet would mitigate nothing. If cyclists should wear a helmet, car drivers/passengers certainly should too, and pedestrians should wear both helmets, a backshield and preferably a full exoskeleton. “Risk compensation. People who wear a helmet will tend to feel safer in traffic. This feeling of expository essay elementary, relative increased safety will reduce their vigilance in traffic, they will go faster, read others in traffic less attentively, look over foreign thesis their shoulders a little less etc.”

If you’re right, then wouldn’t this argue against the idea that promoting helmet use suggests bikes are unsafe? Wouldn’t people who wear helmets be the ones buying in write expository elementary most deeply to the idea that bikes are incredibly unsafe? Wouldn’t that make them the most vigilant drivers on the road? You can’t have it both ways. One of those anti-helmet arguments is likely incorrect. As for: “This feeling of relative increased safety will reduce their vigilance in help me with homework traffic, they will go faster, read others in traffic less attentively, look over their shoulders a little less etc.” Please take the word “will” out of each sentence and replace with “may”. I wear a helmet, and I ride as if *no one on write elementary the road can see me*. So your argument may or may not be true in general, but it appears to obesity paper statement not be universally true as your lack of qualifiers suggests.

“In Denmark, bicyclists (about 25%) who uses a helmet and are involved in write essay serious accidents, far outweighs bicyclist who did not. Indicating bicyclists who use a helmet do get in thesis about homosexuality much more serious accidents in the first place.” It may or may not mean that. Write Essay? Perhaps people who use helmets are disproportionately likely to me with homework be new cyclists, as opposed to seasoned veterans, as one of dozens of possible alternate explanations. “Infrastructure saves lifes, helmets does not.” Just because infrastructure can also save lives does not prove helmets can’t as well. Write Essay Elementary? The two aren’t mutually exclusive.

If even one life was saved with a helmet in the history of the world, then you can’t say helmets don’t save life. And I am one of many people who believe a helmet saved my life once. “where a plastic coveres styrofoam helmet would mitigate nothing.” Bicycle helmets are not made of plastic covered styrofoam, they’re made of impressive space-age materials that are much stronger than styrofoam. I suggest looking at the recent innovations in helmet design, if this is what you believe helmets are these days. “If cyclists should wear a helmet, car drivers/passengers certainly should too, and homework pedestrians should wear both helmets, a backshield and preferably a full exoskeleton.”

Whether car drivers/passengers and pedestrians should or should not wear a helmet has little bearing on whether cyclists should or should not. Each should be discussed on expository their own merits, or lack thereof, IMO. . . . I’m a 69-ear-old male, lifetime athlete, living near the center of a heavily trafficked city (Houston) of thesis, few cyclists and massively violated speed limits. 1975-12-03, age 28, one night (two weeks after buying my first hardshell cycling helmet, a Skid Lid II), in spite of having a front light and wearing bright clothing, I was proceeding at ten meters a second when the last thing I remember was suddenly seeing two pairs of write expository elementary, cars’ headlights approaching me, as a drunk driver who was speeding at foreign thesis homosexuality, twenty meters a second had decided to pass a car and pulled out into write expository elementary, my side of the two-lane street half a second before impacting me. The crumpled bicycle, with front fork bent back to the crankset and road-style handlebars flattened from below (maybe bent from my holding on to them), landed about 60 meters behind me. After-crash evidence was that I was pitched forward, the back of my head broke his passenger-side windshield, and with broken bones (my right fibula, talus, and ulna, and research later surgical removal of a crushed medial meniscus in my right knee), I was thrown off the top of his car and struck the street several times. Expository Elementary? Then in shock, I have no memory of the collision, but abrasions on the helmet and damage to the car gave ample evidence. After two weeks in the hospital, I was sent home with a full leg cast and a right wrist cast; by March I was down to a lower-leg cast and began cycling again.

After removal of that cast, with still-stiff knee and ankle joints, I cycled about 270km in 11 hr. to Austin, Texas, then in me with my physics homework April 1976 won a 40-km time trial race in exactly 60 minutes. About 20 years later I was impacted from the side at expository essay, 18 meters a second (broken ribs), and in a third life-threatening accident in essay 2002 was hit from behind at 25 meters a second minus my 10 meters a second forward speed, throwing me in a forward summersault (no serious injury, bruised calf muscles from expository essay strap-on egg-shaped red blinkers when my legs slapped the foreign thesis about pavement). But in spite of these accidents averaging once per decade of nearly daily cycling averaging half an hour a day, I emphasize to others it’s vertical speed, not horizontal, that is more likely to write essay cause concussion. Even at slow forward speeds, cracked pavement hidden in a puddle, sand or wet leaves in a turn, a dog under the front wheel — you never know when you’ll fall. I visited the Skid Lid’s inventor in San Diego in 1978, but since then under Bell Helmets’ domination, qualifying rules for helmets were written so only their type of helmet (solid styrofoam liner) would qualify, driving the Skid Lid out of business. I agree with others that rotational flexibility is obesity research paper, needed to dissipate the write expository essay elementary moment of thesis about, shearing impacts; the ultimate helmet has yet to be built. I write to write overcome the falsehood that helmets are useless in high-speed impacts, since even in those cases the impact is seldom a straight-on deceleration, that would likely cause a broken neck. Wettbewerb Nrw 2012? Lighter-weight helmets are less neck strain (g-forces can make one’s head momentarily weigh fifty kilos, so even a half-kilo helmet becomes four more kilos on write expository elementary neck-strain). I also disagree with those who claim helmet-wearers are categorically more complacent; I am ever-vigilant, never wear headphones, and thanks to newly available LED options, my frame and wheel spokes have more red and green blinkers than a Christmas tree!

My headlight or flashlight is college ap gov, never less than 2000 lumens and a couple ones I have exceed 5,000 lumens (you could read a newspaper at 100m distance). Be visible, and ride assertively in write expository elementary traffic (it helps to be able to on political socialization maintain 8-10 meters a second, a.k.a. Write Expository? 20mph)! Wearing a helmet is good. Helmets will mitigate a portion of cranial injury should there be a cranial impact.

It may mitigate cranial injury from “100” to “99” (generic injury rating) for severe impacts and college board ap gov it may mitigate injury from 25 to essay elementary 0. It may save a life, it may save a piece of scalp, and it may only types, prevent someone from dying only for write elementary the person to fall into thesis about, a persistent vegetative state. What’s important is that it makes cranial impacts less bad. Also, helmets must be fitted, adjusted, and worn appropriately for helmet-based cranial injury mitigation to essay reliably occur. However, helmets do not prevent cranial impacts. Only good cycling and a cooperative cycling environment do that. If you want to help me with my physics minimize the risk of cranial impact (and thus cranial injury), be an educated cyclist. (Visible, predictable, and prepared.) The cheapest and most equitable way to write essay reduce the socialization risk of cranial injury is to help people become better cyclists and drivers while holding both groups accountable for their actions. Here in California, we advocates recently defeated (like within the last month) a mandatory helmet law going through the state legislature. There was very little hullabaloo made about it because it’s so hard to fight something enrobed in essay “safety”.

The general argument against the law was this: Mandatory bicycle helmet laws would be bad for the effort to increase the number of people bicycling regularly. If helmet use goes mandatory, it would allow for cycling risk to be compared to motorcycle risk thus vastly exaggerating the risk of cycling more than it already is. So people who were “interested, but concerned” about cycling (potential riders) will no longer be interested. Those who are riding now without a helmet, may not ride after a mandatory helmet law is enacted. California has made a commitment to reduce GHG emissions from vehicle trips and increase physical activity. This law would work against those commitments. I have been wearing a helmet since the essay socialization ’80s.

In that time helmets have gone from being miserably uncomfortable, to write expository more comfortable than wearing nothing at all due to foreign thesis about improvements in write expository elementary fit and ventilation. Nothing keeps you as cool as a helmet, if you get one with impressive air channeling. My alternative is to wear a cycling cap which will significantly hinder ventilation and obesity paper thesis statement do less than I wish to keep the sun off, or to wear a helmet that will both be fantastic at keeping the elementary sun off and will channel the air around my head almost as impressively as if the head were naked. Perhaps we need to foreign thesis about homosexuality start educating people as to expository essay elementary how comfortable modern helmets are in concert with helmet law discussions. This is going to kill you to learn this but that uncomfortable helmet you had 30+ years ago was at least twice the capacity to wettbewerb protect your head and as it probably wasn’t aero with fins and write expository elementary vent many times less likely to cause a rotational brain injury or neck injury. Statistically, it is drivers who ought to wear helmets, they’re at the highest risk of brain injury. Helmet laws are victim-blaming cop-outs for municipalities who lack the socialization will and common sense to invest in essay elementary bike infrastructure. I had a road accident last Sunday, helmet protected me from essay wettbewerb a serius head injury and now I’m at home writting this comment, no doubt, we must use it! @Jaime, I too have hit the deck – more than once over the years.

One time when I was “car-doored” by a driver exiting a parked car, twice when I had front tire blow outs at speed. A fourth time when a truck forced me into trolly tracks. All kinds of write expository essay elementary, situations, only help homework, half had anything to do with an altercation with a vehicle. Anyone that has crashed with a helmet, saw how hard your head hit the pavement, saw the damage to the helmet sustained with no damage to your noggin – anyone that has witnessed this, will always wear a helmet. I view people that don’t wear helmets as just inexperienced. I ride everyday to work (Vancouver) and willingly wear my helmet because of the length of my ride, the speeds at write expository essay elementary, which I ride (downhill on a HUGE bridge) and the areas I will end up riding (industrial marina). I know these factors add up to a potentially dangerous situation so I take my safety into my own hands and wear my helmet. Homosexuality? However, I don’t want to be ticketed when my partner and I are just heading out for a nice slow and leisurely ride to dinner without our helmets on.

Luckily I haven’t had any tickets so far, but it shouldn’t be mandatory. I think it should be up to write expository essay elementary the individual to know when they need to be wearing a helmet and essay on political when they will be fine without one. We are also lucky to have separated bike lanes here in Vancouver, unlike many other cities. I’ve been cycling for about 50 years; (mostly urban utilitarian cycling, some road trips in the pre-helmet era). It would be rather strange to refer to me as “inexperienced”. The other odd thing is why on earth is Momentum mag recycling this old article: to sell helmet ads? What we must be fighting for is dedicated bicycle lanes and safer infrastructure for pedestrians and cyclists in general, including legal infrastructure (onus on more powerful vehicle). The helmet crap is a distraction. In the Netherlands cyclists wear helmets if they are riding fast to race or train, not to essay elementary commute to work or university, or to do the shopping. Duh.

Can you prove without a doubt that the helmet did in fact save your life? I didn’t think so. Anecdotal evidence is just heresay. Can you prove without a doubt that the helmet did in fact save you from “serious” injury? I didn’t think so.

Anecdotal evidence is just heresay. And besides if you hit the ground hard enough to cause serious injury, your magic helmet wouldn’t have done squat. At best it saved you from some bumps and bruises. I think Mikaels most compelling arguement it the fact that helmet laws have been shown to reduce the wettbewerb nrw 2012 number of cyclists in the countries/states where they have been introduced. People who don’t want to expository wear a helmet simply choose to about homosexuality stop riding, going against what it is that we all in here want which is more people cycling. I live in write elementary Denmark but come from New Zealand (Helmet law) I was home recently on holiday and hated having it dictated to me whether I wore a helmet or not. In Denmark I work as a messsenger and wear a helmet, I race in a helmet, and ride in college essays the forest with one on write expository essay too, but I like the fact that when I am not riding like a madman that I can choose not to wear one. I also like the fact that I can go to the pub in the evening and thesis statement not have to drag a helmet along with me. I guess in expository essay this debate you could say that I am pro choice ;o) Yes, the research on brain injury is there and reveals helmet popularity is based more on types of essays in high perception than reality. This review on the ef?cacy of essay, bicycle helmets against brain injury.

describes this research and college ap gov shows, “The testing and design of standard helmets re?ect the discredited theory that linear acceleration is the dominant cause of brain injury and to neglect rotation.” Focusing on write expository essay elementary helmets doesn’t make cyclists safer, it results in increased danger to cyclists. The question needs to board ap gov be addressed…..”Will the polystyrene prevent the brain’s sloshing back and forth in write expository essay the skull…breaking precious neural pathways that we spend our schooldays, careers and lifetimes to form? The parietal, occipital lobes and the corpus callosum are priceless. Hit the ground with your bare head and try to do your job the nrw 2012 next day, week, years. It’s been bloody hard. it should be upto me to write essay elementary assess my own risk about wearing or not wearing a helmet. i find helmets constricting and that they limit my peripheral vision – that’s my personal sense of what a helmet does to me. i would never fine you for research thesis statement wearing a helmet if that’s what makes you feel more secure. I am going to go out on a limb here and say that I am pleased to see more and more people out for casual rides (not racing) without helmets. It tells me that they feel safe (or at least safer) when they ride. And I may be dreaming, but it’s possible that, as a direct result, we may see a decline in serious accidents involving cars, based on the fairly well established “safety in numbers” effect (more cyclists on the road means fewer, not more accidents – as motorists become accustomed to sharing the road).

My theory is that people are not stupid, and whether they recognize it or not, they constantly assess risk in all their activities, and make hat are generally very rational decisions. That’s why, for example, no one feels vulnerable going to a bar without a helmet, even though walking home from the bar poses a greater risk of traumatic brain injury than cycling in expository essay general. Same thing for pedestrians, and even, dare I say, DRIVERS The reason is that most of the key causative factors in accidents in all these activities are within the control of the foreign homosexuality individual. The individual can rationally decide, based on their own behavior while cycling, drinking, walking, swimming, whatever, whether or not additional protection is worthwhile. I am from Australia, where we have a mandatory all-ages helmet law for 20 years. It has been an unexpected failure at many levels. 1. it reduced cycling, killing casual cycling and leaving mainly the sports cyclists. Cycling is not popular and essay seen mostly as week-end activity, not a mode of essay wettbewerb, transport.

Cyclists are not popular, they are seen as freaks. 2. It has made cycling safety worse. Write Elementary? The risk of obesity research thesis, serious death and injuries increased by 50%. http://www.cyclehelmets.org/papers/c2022.pdf This is mainly because helmets increase the risk of accidents, through safety in numbers and risk compensation. Expository Essay Elementary? http://www.damninteresting.com/the-balance-of-risk. Essentially, a 50% increase in accidents cannot be compensated by types in high a thin layer of polystyrene. 3. It has created a huge animosity among the expository cyclists, with some sport cyclists who believe that the ap gov essays helmet law vindicates their intolerance of cyclists who prefer not to wear a helmet.

The polystyrene hat has become almost a religious fetish, with few people questioning what less than one inch of essay elementary, polystyrene can really do to socialization prevent serious injuries. 4. This obsession with helmets has taken away the focus from measures that are far more important for cycling safety, like separation from car traffic, motorists behaviour, cyclists skill training, and reducing the risk of accident. Australia is a far more dangerous place to cycle than in expository essay elementary Europe where they don’t wear helmets. So why not focus on what works instead? The helmet hasn’t worked. It is an embarrassing failure. I would encourage anyone considering supporting to have a good look at what actually happened in real life, rather than relying on theories that seem “obvious”. This topic is far from obvious . It wasn’t an unexpected failure for me, but I confess I did nothing about the proposed laws at the time, as I didn’t believe government could possibly be that stupid.

I now know better. Removing the MHL would be the easiest and best solution to cycling participation in Australia. The Imams of the plastic hat are as useful as those who tell us burkas are the thesis about solution to sexual assualt. Yes, indeed. And like forcing women to write expository wear burkas, tchadors or even headscarves by law or pressure from males, it tends to “disappear” the homosexuality potential victims, rather than controlling aggression from the potential perpetrators, while overlooking measures to ensure safety and respect for elementary cyclists – or women in macho societies. I want to make it clear that I have no problem with devout women wearing headscarves or people who believe in homework magic hats wearing helmets; it is none of expository essay, my business.

The problem is homework, when it is write expository, a red herring to avoid struggling to create safe envrionments for all; in this case not only for cyclists but also for ap gov essays pedestrians, especially vulnerable ones such as the essay elementary very young, the very old and essay the disabled. I think the larger problem is write essay, that statistics can be so misleading. Frequently you see the claim that in 90% of bicycle fatalities, the rider was not wearing a helmet. This proves nothing. We do not know, for example, what number or percentage would have died anyway from their internal injuries. We don’t know if a helmet would have actually saved any of those fatalities even if there was head trauma. Helmets are physically the ap gov equivalent of wearing a bag of popcorn and a tupperware bowl on your head. Expository? if that makes you feel safer, be my guest. Where statistics fail is when they are used to make individual decisions, or worse, to types of essays in high school force decisions on individuals. Expository Essay? Remember the hue and cry when the FDA said that breast exams were not useful for women of a certain age? That may have been true statistically, but it was not a solid basis for an individual deciding not to have an exam. Unfortunately, proclamations like that one tend to me with my physics homework influence policy and regulation.

For example, It’s not hard to write expository essay imagine insurance companies refusing to cover exams based on such a statistic. But it should be an individual decision. Also, with helmet laws, as repeated many times above, they miss the real issue. Essay On Political? Safety begins with the rider’s exercise of care. I have not seen any analysis, but I would not be surprised if a cross-tabulation or a regression analysis showed that helmet use was not the dominant variable in write elementary crashes and wettbewerb fatalities. Write Essay Elementary? Your chance of a fatal or disabling accident is overwhelmingly dominated by board how and where you ride. So – Thanks to expository the author for this balanced perspective, and to all the essay nrw 2012 comments, which were for the most part, civil and thoughtful. Sadly, these discussions too often degenerate into expository essay, name calling and condescending one liners. Full face motorcycle helmets actually offer a lot more protection than any other helmet. You can strap them on properly and they stay on your head in types in high a crash.

The beanie style motorcycle helmets are illegal. Yet, they are better built than a bicycle helmet. It is impossible to strap on a bicycle helmet properly without choking yourself. So, it will give way in a crash. If you put them on children as explained by the experts, kids tend to slip their fingers underneath the strap and pull on it to make it more comfortable. Then it becomes really loose and ineffective.

Seat belts: If cars are forced to go slower and they were actually safe, you would not need a seat belt. But, the accident and injury statistics show how dangerous an automobile really is. Not to mention the write essay elementary detrimental effects caused by pollution and sedentary lifestyle that goes along with the auto culture. To make an argument about obesity refusing to elementary wear a helmet and not get medical coverage; shall we deny treatment to people who smoke, consume alcohol, drugs or unhealthy foods, or refuses to wettbewerb nrw 2012 excercise? in spite of the fear that is promoted along with helmets (after all, there has to be a perceived need to wear a helmet) cyclists live longer, and healthier lives than the general population. mandating helmet use results in write essay elementary less people cycling, poorer health, and shorter life spans.

mandating helmet use has also resulted in no less injury or fatalities to cyclists to boot. After witnessing what happened to of essays in high school my friend Len on Friday cyclists should always wear helmets. It really doesn’t matter if you are going slow or fast either. I for one am totally in essay elementary favour of types, mandatory helmet compliance. We have mandatory Seat belt laws, motorcycle helmets, mandatory auto insurance, look it would be great if the write goverment wasn’t all of our business, but sometimes it is foreign about homosexuality, a necessity and we are the government! Oh yes, and mandatory Medical Insurance. They could say that if you didn’t wear a helmet, you pay your own hosptial fees but they don’t. You should simply have public health insurance as people do in civilised countries. Sure there are good reasons not to elementary wear a helmet. One is that they can’t provide adequate protection in collisions with motor vehicles.

Many people think they can, but they can’t. Another is wearing a helmet is help, a sign that cycling is dangerous. It’s not. Another reason is expository essay elementary, that this perception that cycling is risky, discourages people from riding bikes. It’s not that wearing helmets is wrong, it’s more that the help my physics homework attitude about helmets is write expository essay elementary, wrong. Wear one if you like but don’t think cycling is more dangerous than it is and don’t think a helmet can do more than it can, and by help me with my physics no means should you disrespect anothers choice to go without a helmet. The safest cyclists in expository the world don’t use them.

There is simply no good reason NOT to foreign about homosexuality wear a helmet- especially in the US where the write elementary car is the unfortunate king. There is however, room for improvement in foreign thesis design- lighter, more stylish, cheaper. Were a bloody helmet and save yourself and write expository your kids! No, fight against ecocide and carcentric society. Accidents aren’t the only way cars kill us. I’m a boomer and have never owned or driven one of the bloody things. if bicycle helmets did prevent deaths or brain damage, that would be a different story, but the sad fact is that reductions of me with my physics homework, deaths or brain damage to cyclists wearing helmets have not been recorded in spite of the increased use of helmets. In the meantime, we should consider what a helmet law is really saying; that you’re better off not cycling at all than cycling without a helmet… In BC, this no helmet, no bike rule has some teeth to it. A police officer can not only fine a cyclist for not wearing a helmet, they can seize a bike of a cyclist not wearing a helmet. No helmet, no bike.

Is this good public policy? I would tend to take the write expository side of those saying that cyclists should be able to choose whether or not to wear a helmet. Personaly,however, I would choose to wear a helmet always. I live in essay wettbewerb Johannesburg where the roads are very busy and seperate cycle lanes are non existant and I dont expect them to start apearing any time soon. Yes accidents may be just that, accidents. But if I am ever in an accident I want the highest chance possible of coming out of that accident alive or not brain damaged.

If this means wearing a helmet then thats what I’ll do. There is little to add to insight of the many comments already posted. I think it’s always worth asking “who benefits?”, when it come to these types of laws. Elementary? The question is equivalent to essay nrw 2012 “follow the money”. Obviously, helmet makers would like to see helmet laws passed, although it may be short-sighted if cycling rates drop. Cash strapped municipalities undoubtedly see cyclists as cash machines. Politicians love helmet laws! They can feign concern for the safely of the people, while simultaneously dipping in their pockets.

We do not need new barriers to entry to cycling. Road safety is a complex topic, and it is very difficult to establish cause and effect. An accident is write essay elementary, just that, an essays accident: there usually are many related factors contributing to it. On the other hand, it is clear who will be injured in any collision between a car and a person. The problem with mandatory helmet laws is that they permit people to essay elementary claim that they are doing something to protect cyclists, when in fact they are avoiding the larger issues: how to design safe and convenient facilities for non-motorized travel.

Pedestrians and cyclists want the same things as cars: to research thesis have quick, safe, and expository essay elementary convenient access to their chosen destinations. Gas prices are going up for essay on political socialization good. We will all need to rethink how much we travel, and write essay how. It is time that we start seriously considering how to invest in nrw 2012 a better and expository elementary more sustainable future. From Brad’s comments it seems that the research used and board essays real reasons to enact helmet laws in BC was done in elementary mora, so how can we ask for it to be repealed? It would also be nice to place the onus on essay wettbewerb nrw 2012 the Govt to write essay ensure road safety and proper infrastructure that will make road safe for ALL users. Like Denmark and Holland. Helmets don’t prevent accidents, safe roads does.

Choice is important and when discussing helmet laws, it’s important to on political socialization remember that it is an adults right of write expository elementary, choice that is my physics homework, being taken away. Few, if any pro-choice advocates are arguing that cyclists must remove their helmets but what they are saying is that their right of choice being taken away is write expository elementary, wrong. For this right to be removed there must be a justified need and effective solution for the designated problem. Short of essay on political, this, cyclists should be left to their own discretion as to what action they wish to take and not have smothers will forced upon them. I Choose to write expository essay wear a helmet whenever I ride my bike because it is PROVEN fact that a helmet will protect me fromthe MOST frequent types of types of essays school, crashes. Is it going to write save me 100%? NO! Just like smoking is no guarantee of getting lung cancer (my GP’s lived to college board their early 90’s and both were heavy smokers for 70+ years). The argument is that a helmet will not save you from a serious crash. Well SERIOUS crashes are going to kill you whether you are walking, driving, cycling or whatever. But I can protect myself from the most frequent of crashes – the smaller ones – by wearing a helmet.

AND using the Dutch example if not quite fair. In Holland, Denmark etc. the Bike is #1 on the roads. Cars and pedestrians give way to the bike. Write Expository Elementary? They have great cycling infrastructure, a cycling attitude and etiquette. Essay? Something sorely lacking in N. America. The point is to fight for write essay that in other places. Le Monde a bicyclette was doing that here in Montreal, 40 years ago this year. Band-aid solutions are pretty much useless, and help my physics homework band-aid solutions that discourage cycling are worse than useless. Re-reading John’s comments, I was struck by his observations of expository essay, “questionable helmet research” that negates his perception of the benefits of helmets.

Having had seen the advance press preceding BCs helmet law, read the essay on political socialization bills debate in the legislature, speaking to several key individuals that brought forth the write expository essay elementary law and now finally reading the minutes, reports, correspondences of the organization formed to lobby for the law, I would say that is the promoters of the wettbewerb helmet law that were exploiting questionable research. The only write expository essay, research presented by school the group was a single study of questionable validity and the numbers presented by the group were admitted to by the authors to write be incorrect. In fact this only study has been admitted by the Snell Foundation to paper be used as promotion for sales of expository elementary, helmets, not for independent analysis of homework, a helmets effectiveness. It seems helmet skeptics base their skepticism on quality research and helmet promotors base their faith in helmets on write expository questionable research. IMO it’s quite simple. Make it optional. I have no problem if someone wants to wear one however I don’t want to…As matter of fact I’d probably think of getting around other ways if it became law (in Ontario). Many I know in BC would wear a helmet whether it was law or not, however they are strongly against it being mandated.

Also, my not wanting to wear a helmet has nothing to me with my physics do with civil liberties. I just see little use in them. Any time I’ve fallen off my bike I’d be better served with shoulder and/or elbow pads…even knee pads. When it comes to winters (which can get cold), I’d rather have my tuque on to keep my ears from falling off, then a helmet. Getting people to write expository essay elementary wear a piece of expanded foam on their heads requires them to essay wettbewerb be convinced of two falsehoods: (1) cycling is expository elementary, dangerous, and (2) the piece of foam will protect them in a serious crash. Lie #1 scares potential cyclists off their bikes, thus increasing the essay risk to those who remain, and lie #2 leads to cyclists taking more risks in the mistaken belief that they are well protected. It is therefore not ethically defensible to promote either of these perceptions, let alone enshrine them in law. Oh, and has the purpose of BCs legislation been achieved? No. Even with the reduction of people cycling, and more people wearing helmets than ever before, deaths in fact, increased for expository essay elementary the first 3 years following legislation.

Helmet legislators hedged their bets though. They predicted if legislation would not pass, there would be a reverse of the historical trend of downward fatalities for obesity research thesis cyclists; that deaths should increase in the future. It would have been good had BC followed trough on the promised funding for a detailed count of cyclists post law, but like the write elementary education courses that was a part of the legislation, this funding was pulled after the law was passed, so no counts were available. There has been some information to come forth that can help us understand some of the impact BC has felt as a result of legislation though. ICBC shows an immediate, and unprecedented drop of ap gov essays, 35% in the amounts of motor vehicle – bicycle collisions immediately after the passing of the law. So unless helmet use has prevented collisions from occurring, there was a drop in cyclists immediately following the write expository essay elementary implementation of the law. There has been a notable increase that has been documented several years post law however, and this may have more to do with police not enforcing the obesity paper statement law with as much vigor as it was when the write law was first introduced.

Stats Canada completed a study that pegged BCs helmet use at college board essays, 60%, a drop when compared to the study funded by write essay the government post law that showed BCs helmet use at 76% overall. ICBC hold records that show helmet use even lower, at 55%. One of the most contentious issues with our legislation involved the wettbewerb stated purpose of the legislation which was to reduce death and serious injury to cyclists. It was reasoned that helmet could help acheive this goal because one, just one study claimed helmet use reduces the chances of head injury by 85%. What few knew at the time was that the 85% figure only write essay elementary, applied to children under 5 years old (10 – 14 year olds had a reduction of only 23%) and that the study did not include a single collision with a motor vehicle, and nearly every death or serious injury to a cyclist came from a collision with a motor vehicle.

So yes, statistics and studies do matter in BC. Help Me With Homework? If police enforced our helmet law today, there would be a significant reduction in the amount of people cycling, just as there was when the law was first passed. The helemt debate has little to write do with cycling, more to do with civil liberties. Board? I could live without helmet legislation, but I’m not expending any energy to repeal the laws we have here, and essay I don’t ride without a helmet. Certainly there are studies that associated declines in numbers of cyclists riding in some jurisdictions with helmet laws, and that is unfortunate. Foreign Thesis About? I think in essay some of those places, bicycle use rebounded from the initial drop and I think a more useful analysis would have been, in essay wettbewerb nrw 2012 any event, to assess the change in miles ridden, not just the numbers of cyclists. It is expository essay elementary, not a positive development to lose the casual cyclists, but most who make a positive choice for cycling will not be dissauded by help homework helmet laws. In British Columbia at least, there is no indication that helmet legislation impacted cycling numbers. Participation continues to grow and helmet laws are almost certainly here to stay, notwithstanding the wishful thinking of those who believe the challenges those laws face in other jurisdictions will lead to write expository elementary a repeal in B.C. The threats to an unprotected head often may be elevated by speed, but the real damage is the distance of the types school fall.

You can do significant damage falling from expository essay elementary a bike at low speed. The acceleration forces on your head can be fatal, and of essays in high unlike most other activities mentioned in various comments, bicycles are inherently unstable. They do not stand on their own without the gyroscopic effects of forward motion (unless you are good at track stands), so it is write expository elementary, more dangerous than walking. There are good reasons, many cited, for my physics being skeptical of helmet laws – the health benefits of expository, riding far outweigh the risks and there are certainly problems with helmet laws that will frustrate bike share programs. Board Essays? Fair comment.

Still, I find the essay reliance on questionable health research to bolster the argument is about as credible as the college board essays quacks who dismiss links between smoking and cancers. The distinction between fatalities or not is also a little simplistic. You don’t have to die to essay elementary render yourself impotent in the debate. Wettbewerb? Hard to argue that your civil liberties have been enhanced by reducing your IQ to elementary the low 20s after a head injury. Argue your point on essay wettbewerb nrw 2012 the issue of civil liberties, but the write expository elementary misuse of board ap gov, statistics or the clutching at essay, studies to claim that helmets don’t provide protection will, for essay on political socialization the most part, alienate decison makers and write expository others in the community who presumably you want to listen to you. You have to types school decide whether you want to rant against injustice or advance your cause. I’ve had my own crashes and can only contemplate what might have happened to write my head without a helmet; I’ve known a few who have died while riding for foreign thesis whom a helmet may have made a difference. I also have known a few cyclists who have had life altering crashes. Stick to the civil liberties argument, on most other issues the debate is over.

John Luton, Victoria, BC. Northern European cyclists have significantly better safety records the the US because safe cycling has little do do with wearing helmets. Interesting article about the helmet hype, but it presents no data to expository elementary support either side. Many people feel that helmets are less useful in European countries, but is there data to support that? Are head injury rates (per mile or per research paper thesis bicyclist) really lower in essay Europe than the US? In the Netherlands and Denmark, they are MUCH lower. Not all European countries have good cycling infrastructure. I disagree with the obesity paper thesis statement authors conclusions.

I don’t think we are at a crossroads with helmet laws, I think that road has been crossed. Expository Essay? There was a surge of helmet laws passed mostly in the 90’s and that surge has slowed to essay wettbewerb a trickle largely to essay elementary the documented results in those areas that enacted them. I do agree with idea that perception, rather than fact, is what drives the desire to place a helmet upon college board a head. If people understood that cycling is expository essay elementary, safe, and if they understood the limitations of a helmet, fewer people would wear them. Foreign About Homosexuality? As it is, the exaggerated perception of cycling danger and the expectation of life saving abilities of a helmet are what drives their use. False assumptions, both. Most utilitarian cyclists would be better off spending their money on better lights, or better tires for that matter. Do not fall into the trap of letting the supposed perfect be the essay elementary enemy of the good.

It is far better that people ride bikes without a helmet than they don’t ride bikes. If helmet laws dissuade people from cycling then they are a bad thing. It doesn’t matter that helmets are more totem than protection for any kind of serious crash – if the laws stop people riding bikes then they are bad laws. Helmet laws are a product of life-style zealots who can’t resist the opportunity to interfere in the lives and habits of types in high school, others. Well done Colin Clarke. Expository Elementary? This proves why Holland and Denmark DON’T have helmet laws! I recently started biking in San Francisco after a long time living in less bike-friendly places. I assumed that, as in most college towns, helmets would be unpopular with the experienced cyclists but in me with fact it’s the other way around: as one veteran cyclist explained, “no one wants to be the essay elementary person that gets killed or injured without a helmet and results in a mandatory helmet law.” I was surprised that nearly everyone seems to wear a helmet, even in parks and on streets closed to auto traffic (!). Also, some have pointed out that not wearing a helmet (especially with a nicer bike) might signify that you are riding a stolen bike… The assessment of Australian helmet law shows the wettbewerb outcome was negative for both health and safety. http://www.cla.asn.au/Article/081125BikesHelmetPolicy.pdf.

The result for write expository New Zealand is very similar. For the USA there are also concerns. The UK’s National Children’s Bureau (NCB) provided a detailed review in board 2005 stating “the case for expository helmets is help my physics homework, far from write expository essay sound”, “the benefits of helmets need further investigation before even a policy supporting promotion can be unequivocally supported” and “the case has not yet been convincingly made for compulsory use or promotion of cycle helmets.” The ECF (European Cycling Federation) stated “the evidence from Australia and New Zealand suggests that the obesity research wearing of elementary, helmets might even make cycling more dangerous,” indicating safety was actually reduced. Erke and Elvik (Norwegian researchers) 2007 stated: “There is evidence of increased accident risk per cycling-km for cyclists wearing a helmet.

In Australia and New Zealand, the help increase is estimated to be around 14 per cent.” Data for children shows their safety has been reduced. Robinson 1996 report, Table 5 shows data for write expository elementary children in Victoria. Research? The equivalent number of injuries for pre law level of number of cyclists increased from 897 in 1990 to expository essay elementary 1035 in 1992. Help My Physics Homework? The increased injury rate was 15%. For New South Wales their survey data also showed reduced cycling following legislation in 1991. A reduction of 44% occurred. Robinson 1996 report, Table 2 shows data for children in NSW. Essay Elementary? The equivalent number of injuries for pre law level of number of cyclists increased from 1310 in 1991 to me with my physics homework 2083 in 1993. Expository? Their helmet laws discouraged cycling and reduced children’s safety.

The increased injury rate was 59%. For New Zealand it was reported “Of particular concern are children and nrw 2012 adolescents who have experienced the greatest increase in the risk of cycling injuries despite a substantial decline in the amount of expository, cycling over types the past two decades’. Police figures for NZ show 9618 tickets were issued in essay 2010 for not wearing a helmet. In Victoria, Australia they issued more than 19000 in obesity paper statement the first 12 months of their law . Curnow reporting on Australia concluded, “Compulsion to wear a bicycle helmet is write essay, detrimental to public health”. Accidental hanging is help me with, still occurring among young children who wear bicycle helmets while engaging in activities other than bicycle riding. Worldwide, the toll of deaths has now reached at least 14, with examples in the USA, Canada, Australia and Scandinavia.

Helmet laws for bicyclists are a mistake. Curnow WJ, Bicycle helmets and public health in write expository essay elementary Australia, Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 2008 Apr;19(1):10-15. http://www.cycle-helmets.com/cyclingreport_timgill.pdf Gill T, Cycling and Children and Young People – A review, National Children’s Bureau, 2005. European Cycling Federation. ‘Improving bicycle safety without making helmet use compulsory; Erke A, Elvik R, Making Vision Zero real: Preventing Pedestrian Accidents And Making Them Less Severe, Oslo June 2007. page 28. Robinson DL; Head injuries and bicycle helmet laws; Accid Anal Prev, 28, 4: p 463-475, 1996 http://www.cycle-helmets.com/robinson-head-injuries.pdf.

The author gives too little attention to the most important point, and completely ignores the second most important point in socialization this debate. The first? Bicycling does NOT cause significant risk of write expository essay, serious head injuries. In the foreign about homosexuality U.S. Write Expository? it causes fewer than 1% of HI fatalties, whereas motoring causes about 50% and walking around the home causes about wettbewerb 40%. And it’s not just because there are few bicyclists. Pedestrians die at more than triple the rate of write expository, bicyclists, per mile. (And BTW, head trauma is the cause of over half of _all_ accidental fatalities, not just those of bicyclists.) In 2009, just 630 bicyclists died of all causes, compared to over 30,000 motorists and 12,000 people falling down stairs! Bicycling is college ap gov, simply not very dangerous, despite the fear mongering. Essay? It is safer than many other common no-helmet activities, and its benefits (exercise, pollution reduction, etc.) greatly outweigh any tiny risks. The second important fact: Widespread adoption of bike helmets has had no beneficial effect. As explained in a July 29, 2001 article in the New York Times (based on data posted at http://www.cyclehelmets.org/1041.html ) head injuries per cyclist did not fall when helmets became heavily promoted and essay nrw 2012 their use soared. Instead, head injuries actually rose significantly.

This is probably because bike helmets are certified to protect only gentle impacts less than 13 mph, and elementary then only if the impact is perfectly centered. About? They cannot work for most serious crashes, and they have not worked in any population that has adopted them widely, even though every person who dents their helmet seems to believe it has saved their life! To summarize: Don’t assume bicycling is essay, dangerous, and don’t assume helmets are wonderfully effective. Bicycling is NOT dangerous enough to types of essays school require helmets, even in non-cycling countries like the expository elementary U.S. And bike helmets have NOT proven to be effective.

They are an ineffective solution to an imaginary problem. Promotion of about homosexuality, helmets has scared people away from this benign mode of transport. We should let bike helmets and their promotion die the same death as the tall bicycle flippy-flags of the write expository elementary 1970s. The last time I narrowly missed a potentially serious head injury was in the shower. Board? Hard to wear a helmet in the shower, especially if one is washing one’s hair. I wear a helmet, having one saved me in more than one car/bike accident, as my head hit the pavement. I’ve ridden motorcycles for years also, and have been saved by the helmet, in fact the helmet was ground through the write expository essay elementary shell and into the padding after a 50 mph slide. Board Ap Gov Essays? It is good to essay elementary wear a helmet, but it should be a person’s choice, unless they are under 18, then it should be mandatory.

You cannot make a person wear a helmet, but consider that those who don’t wear a helmet will someday discover why others wear one, although they may learn never live to learn the lesson. Well, I’ve been cycling for 50 years. Essay? Chances are extremely good that I’ll die of something else. Helmet laws in write expository essay New Zealand have been a health and safety disaster. Since helmet compulsion was introduced in 1994, rates of cycling continued to fall, most cyclists started wearing helmets, and injury rates rose. Is that what we want more of? When Norway considered helmet laws, they used the NZ experience as evidence against helmet compulsion. If you want more people cycling, resist helmet laws. They are hard to get ride of, so beware.

Also, in Norway, as here, we want to be able to wear our woolly hats in the cold! Enter to win the limited edition Bordo Black and Yadd-I helmet from ABUS.

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abuse essay spouse Introduction: The subject of physical and emotional abuse in marriage is difficult to address because spouses cannot usually agree as to what it is. Physical abuse is easier to define than emotional abuse because there are bruises to prove it. But even a spouse who seriously injures or even kills the other spouse during a fight can justify his or her behavior as self-defense, not abuse. And the courts often see it that way, too, particularly if women are the ones doing the killing and maiming. On the other hand, a spouse who walks away from an argument can be accused of being emotionally abusive by the spouse who wants to continue arguing. And those who are not home often enough to even discuss an issue are often considered abusive by expository elementary a neglected spouse. But is research thesis statement, neglect really abuse? The reason abuse is difficult to define is that it usually means one thing to the abuser and another to expository the one being abused. In our society where there are so many rewards for being a victim, it's common for BOTH spouses to nrw 2012 claim that it's the other who is write essay, being abusive, and in most cases, they're right.

But what they usually can't understand is that they are both perpetrators of board abuse, as well. However, there's an issue that's far more important than how abuse is defined. Expository Essay? Whatever we decide to call it, abuse or something else, spouses who feel abused are being hurt. So the advice I give on the subject of socialization abuse tends to write elementary sidestep the types of essays, issue of definition, and it goes right to the core of the write expository essay elementary, problem -- that spouses must learn to ap gov protect each other from any of their behavior that's harmful. There are literally thousands of ways that one spouse can hurt another, and I am opposed to all of them.

Whatever it's named, if you are hurting your spouse, you should stop doing it. Essay? Abusive behavior usually begins when a couple tries to resolve a conflict the wrong way. Of Essays In High School? Instead of finding a solution that meets the write expository essay, conditions of the Policy of Joint Agreement (never do anything without an enthusiastic agreement between you and college ap gov your spouse), an effort is made by one spouse to force a solution on the other. Write Expository Elementary? Resistance to the proposal is matched by increasing force until the spouse browbeats the help my physics homework, other into submission. Every fight is an example of abuse because it uses the tactic of emotional or physical force to resolve a conflict instead of respect and thoughtfulness. Expository? The Love Busters -- selfish demands, disrespectful judgments, and angry outbursts -- are all examples of the way one spouse tries to force his or her will onto the other. They can all be regarded as abusive ways to resolve conflicts because they all cause pain and suffering. In fact, whenever a decision is made that fails to take the feelings of the other spouse into account, a case can be made for abuse. In this column I post six letters and my answers to help me with my physics them which makes it my longest column.

The reason I feel obligated to include so many letters is that each one addresses an important aspect of abuse that I want to discuss. The first letter is from an write expository essay abused wife who has not yet decided to separate from her husband to protect herself from his abuse. The second letter is from ap gov, a husband whose wife has escaped to a shelter to avoid his abuse. Expository Elementary? He wants to know how to win her back. College Board Essays? The third letter is from a wife who has run her husband out of the house with her abusive behavior. She wants to know how to write elementary get him to help my physics return to write elementary her. The fourth letter is essay socialization, is from essay, a man who thinks my definition of abuse is too broad. It gives me an opportunity to foreign thesis about homosexuality explain the difference between abuse as an act of violence and abuse as a process. The fifth letter is about abuse and alcohol -- a dangerous and sometimes deadly mixture.

Finally, the last letter asks the question, Why do people who love each other fight so much. It's a good question, and I have a good answer. If you are interested in reading even more on the subject of abuse, read two of elementary my earlier QA columns, Angry Outbursts and essay wettbewerb Domestic Violence. And if you have not already done so, take a short tour of the write essay elementary, Marriage Builders web site so you can see how I've organized the information that will help you resolve your marital conflicts. What to Do with an Abusive Husband. My husband and obesity research I have been married for write expository essay 12 years. We have two daughters, 7 and 9. I have read all your books and probably most every other book on marriage. But our marriage has been bad from the obesity research paper, beginning. I have done everything I know to write expository elementary try to improve it, but nothing helps.

My husband is my physics homework, very critical and abusive. We rarely talk unless we are forced to make a decision. Expository Essay? And that's scary because we disagree on everything and it ends up as a fight. If I do attempt to have a conversation about some general subject, he wants to know, What's your point? So I avoid conversation if at obesity statement all possible. Every little thing is an ordeal. Write Expository Essay Elementary? I have tried negotiation, but without cooperation I am unable to succeed.

He has very little respect for me and types in high school when he gets angry he mocks me, yells or gives me ultimatums. It's just not worth it. Our sex life is terrible. During our first year of marriage he told me that I wasn't worth sleeping with and over the years has been very insulting to me about expository sex. I have read books to try to improve my physical attraction but he won't talk to me about about it. He just says to expository essay use my imagination. I believe that is his way of keeping me guessing and feeling inadequate. Homosexuality? When we make love I feel angry or depressed, but I do it as a way of grasping for any kind of intimacy I can get. I work very hard to look nice for him, and others tell me I am very attractive. Write Essay? But he uses very insulting words to describe my appearance.

He hit me several times earlier in essay nrw 2012 our marriage, but now he goes only as far as he thinks he can to intimidate me without crossing the line. I told him I would report him to write expository the police if he ever hit me again. I have been trying to protect our daughters from about homosexuality, his anger and criticism as much as possible. But I have failed miserably. When my oldest daughter was old enough to vocalize her emotions she said she never wanted to be at home because of my husband's abusive behavior. I knew no matter how much I could take, my children didn't need to be living in write elementary that situation. When my husband first started being abusive with me, I convinced him to go to counseling. He said he would go because he thought that the counselor would tell me that I needed to change. But when he didn't hear what he wanted, he quit and foreign thesis homosexuality forbid me to write essay ever go again. A few years later, when I was suffering from depression, he relented and allowed me to board ap gov go because our insurance paid for it. Eventually he became jealous of my counselor, accusing me of going to my surrogate husband and finally after 6 months forbid me to go.

But I did not quit this time. I told him he was welcome to come anytime, and that I would not quit until I felt strong enough (by this time I was diagnosed with acute clinical depression). After a year of counseling I was prepared to leave my husband. Write? But my threat to leave him motivated him to see a marriage counselor, and that did help our marriage. During that time, I stopped seeing my other counselor, because I was feeling much better. We made some progress on our marriage, but after a few months he quit again. Once again, he did the help me with homework, minimum it took to write elementary get what he wanted -- for me to stop seeing my counselor. Homework? I think he has a lot of insecurities and tries to make himself feel superior by making me feel worthless. I learned to deal with some of this in counseling, but how long can someone be expected to hold up in a marriage with someone like that? Dr.

Harley, I've told him I am willing to do anything if we could only try to make our marriage pleasant. At times he will agree, but he never follows through. I have given up my dreams of a good marriage one by one until I have very little hope left. I am starting to get depressed again, and the depression only makes things worse. Write Essay? I feel so trapped. Help My Physics? I do not believe in divorce, and even if I did, I would still have to deal with him about the children. Essay Elementary? It would be trading one set of essay problems for another. I am reluctant to return to my counselor. I feel he was getting frustrated anyway. He thinks I should divorce my husband, and I keep wanting to figure out a way to save my marriage.

I have tried some of the suggestion in your books by myself, but I don't have what it takes to expository essay keep it up alone anymore. It seems to be a dead end situation. I grew up believing that marriage was a very special relationship between a man and college a woman and I looked forward to it, but I don't think I will ever be able to have that experience. Do you have any suggestions? I don't have your husband's side of the story, so my advice is admittedly dependent on the truth of your perspective. But if what you say is true, I would recommend that you go back to see the counselor you were seeing for depression, and then reinstate your plan for a separation.

I think you were on the right track when you were planning to separate before, but now you know that it will take quite a bit of time for your husband to learn to treat you with respect . Expository? He has developed some very bad habits, and it will take him maybe a year or longer to overcome them. He has agreed to make changes in the past, but just agreeing to change is obesity research thesis, only the first step. Many of the write essay, changes he will need to board ap gov essays make will take a great deal of effort and persistence. His goal should be providing you a home free of angry outbursts, disrespectful judgments and selfish demands. Until he can guarantee that safe environment for write expository you, you should remain separated. That's because while he is nrw 2012, learning new habits, he will make many mistakes.

And you cannot afford to be confronted by the predictable mistakes he will make. Wait until he has mastered the lessons of treating you with thoughtfulness and respect before you let him back into the life of you and your girls. Your husband's behavior is expository essay elementary, probably the most important cause of essay your depression, and I feel that with him out of the house, you will feel better almost immediately. You may feel guilty at elementary first for making him move away from his girls, but until he learns to be respectful, he's not a good example to them. At first, your husband will be very angry with you, and may even file for divorce. While separated, there is even the risk that he may have an affair. Research Paper Thesis? But if your marriage has any hope of surviving, he won't divorce you and he won't have an affair. Instead, he will recognize the role he has played in your depression, and he will begin to take the steps that will make him the husband he should have been all along. If he begs you not to write expository essay elementary leave him, and you give him another chance, remember that it will take months, if not years, for me with my physics him to elementary change his habits. He will need careful and persistent monitoring of his conduct, and essay you must anticipate his resistance to that, especially after you decide to stay. That's why I think a separation that may last a year or more is inevitable.

Your husband has a lot to learn, and it will take time to learn it.

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Commitment Essays and Research Papers. Ethics: Our Commitment to Integrity A company’s code of ethics is write elementary, a written set of guidelines issued by an organization to its workers and . management to in high help them conduct their actions in accordance with its primary values and ethical standards. Write Expository! A code of ethics is essential for the professional functioning of a business. I have chosen to me with homework analyze BP’s code of ethics. Elementary! BP’s code of ethics main statement is as follows “The BP code of conduct stands for a fundamental BP commitment – to comply. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Commitment 1147 Words | 3 Pages. that time the typhoon in the Philippines had just occurred.

He booked the nearest flight to there with his crew to go help out the people on obesity need. Many . people would judge him and say that he really didn’t care about his son, but that is the write essay kind of foreign thesis about commitment a person needs to change society and help the world. All around the world, you see people trying to change society, trying to write essay elementary help one and other, but not everyone single person succeeds or commits to that. Yes, you can see lots of people who have. Commitment , English-language films 1146 Words | 3 Pages. had much to do to fix the problems of the recent past, and restore confidence in homework his company and the brand moving forward. More importantly, Mr.

Toyoda had . given his personal commitment in expository essay elementary his testimony to board ap gov the U.S. House Committee on write essay elementary Oversight and Government Reform: “My name is on every car. You have my personal commitment that Toyota will work vigorously and unceasingly to restore the trust of our customers.” Mr. Toyoda emphasized that being loyal to their customers was very important and that. Better , Commitment , Quality 1706 Words | 5 Pages. c. affective d. cognitive 2. The degree to foreign thesis about homosexuality which a person identifies with his or her job, actively participates in write essay elementary it, and considers his or her performance . important to self-worth is:A a. job involvement b. job satisfaction c. organisational commitment d. job stability 3. Organisational commitment:D a. Research! has three separate dimensions b. is an attitude c. has a positive but modest relationship to write essay elementary job productivity d. is all of the above 4. Job satisfaction is help my physics, best described as:B a. a value b. Abraham Maslow , Commitment , Happiness 374 Words | 2 Pages.

Organizational Commitment Introduction The organizational structure of a company . is the formal composition of the expository leadership that is involved in task and responsibility that makes it possible for the company’s management to control, coordinate and motivate employees for the full realization of a common goal (George Jones, 2005). Every company has a different model of organization even though there are between five to eight organizational. Business , Ethics , Management 2196 Words | 7 Pages. Does a strong organizational culture and organizational commitment increase the overall of a firm? Illustrate a real life example to support . Help My Physics! your arguments. Introduction For choosing this topic for the essay ,It is because organizational culture is the heartbeat of a firm. It determined the expository elementary way the firm run and the self-value of the founder and the main value of the company ,After reading this essay people can easily under stand the two main element: management practice and innovation and risk. Commitment , IKEA , Management 2341 Words | 7 Pages. revolutionized the construction industry by creating convenience shopping for its customers through its air-conditioned shops, ample parking spaces, interior . design consultation, tile-cutting services, product installations, delivery service, and commitment to college board ap gov excellent service.

Its 36 years of expertise have propelled this once small company to become the pioneer and leader in supplying finishing materials for the building industry.? In 2003, a sister company, Wilcon Builder's Depot was launched. Building , Building code , Commitment 1227 Words | 10 Pages. FIN 370 Version 7 Week 4 Learning Team Weekly Reflection. application in your field. Write a 350- to 1,050-word summary of the team’s discussion. Business - Finance FIN/571 Entire Course . WEEK 1-6 ASSIGNMENTS, PRACTICE QUIZZES FINAL EXAM SCORED 97%+ Make a commitment to your education. If you go into school thinking of write expository essay it like a big party, then that's exactly what you'll get out of it. On Political! And you more than likely won't last the four years. A lot of money is being spent on expository your education, so you need to commit yourself. Cognitive science , Commitment , Debate 381 Words | 3 Pages.

a session/lesson e.g. in an urgent situation. However they will not be required to set or allocate work to the pupils, as this will be determined by the . class teacher. The Teaching Assistant must carry out his or her duties with full regard and commitment to on political the Governing Body and City Council Policies. Where the postholder is disabled, every effort will be made to supply all necessary aids, adaptations or equipment to allow them to carry out all the duties of the job. If, however, a certain task. College , Commitment , Education 1090 Words | 4 Pages.

parents to expository Sophie. After moving on from the hostile feelings for each other, the three made their own happy family. Within this movie there are concepts . displayed that we have discussed in class. A few are motor skills, identity diffusion, identity commitment , triangulation, and Gottman’s “four horseman of the board ap gov essays apocalypse”. Write Expository Essay! Within this paper you will read about essay each of these five concepts and how they are shown throughout the movie. The first concept is motor skills. Expository Elementary! In early childhood children usually. Anxiety , Argument , Commitment 997 Words | 3 Pages. types Lists In organizational behavior and industrial and organizational psychology, organizational commitment is the . individual's psychological attachment to the organization.

The basis behind many of these studies was to find ways to improve how workers feel about their jobs so that these workers would become more committed to help me with homework their organizations. Organizational commitment predicts work variables such as turnover, organizational citizenship behavior, and job performance. Expository Essay! Some of the. Employment , Empowerment , Organization 2179 Words | 7 Pages. ?06-25-13 Prof. Rosemarie Gorman Essay Paper Personal Commitments In this essay I will try to thesis analyze two topics from the book, “Personal . Commitments by Margaret Farley.” The first topic will discuss, “The Way of Fidelity.”, the second topic will be, “Discerning Obligation: A Love.” There are two situations when there is a need for and sense for fidelity, in a love relationship, and a commitment or promise made to a person or institution. Write Essay! According to Farley sense of college board ap gov duty is not the only. Commitment , Debut singles , Interpersonal relationship 1191 Words | 3 Pages. Track VII TOURISM, BUSINESS, HOSPITALITY AND MANAGEMENT Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Sciences ISBN 978-81-924353-0-5 “JOB . Expository Essay! SATISFACTION AS A FUNCTION OF JOB BURNOUT AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT OF TRAVEL AGENCY DRIVERS (A CASE STUDY IN IRAN)” Bahman Kord Tamini University of Sistan and Baluchestan Iran. One of the main tasks industrial and essay nrw 2012, organizational psychologists perform is evaluating job satisfaction and determining ways to enhance it in an organization.

Commitment , Job satisfaction , Motivation 859 Words | 3 Pages. stronger the expository bond that the individual has with his or her society is, the less likely it is that they'll commit delinquent acts. Going a little further, . Hirschi discusses that the Social Bond Theory is comprised of four components: attachment, commitment , involvement, and belief. Attachment Attachment is referred to me with my physics as the extent in which a person is expository essay elementary, attached to socialization others. Write Expository Essay Elementary! Attachment begins when we are born where our first type of attachment would be towards our mothers. Me With Homework! Then as we grow older our.

Belief , Commitment , High school 2297 Words | 7 Pages. standards or demotivation may be the result as shown in the book Power Up, “The leader must somehow find a way to stretch the group without tearing it apart” . (136). Leaders must also embody Stringer’s fifth target practice, “Demonstrating personal commitment to achieving goals” (123). If leaders do not show that they care, the employees will know it, and they will not care either. I had a manager who I felt was pushing me over my limits. She would push me and write, push me until I felt that I could go. Commitment , Employment , Leadership 1286 Words | 4 Pages. of what love might be is comprised of having much to do with an attractive pull between two individuals. Society has adapted to the pulls of trending and . Research Thesis! attraction of circumstances.

The three main components of love – intimacy, passion, and commitment – are the structural building blocks of write expository elementary all relations and correspondence. Dean Peter Salovey lectures on intimacy as a description of foreign homosexuality “the feeling of closeness, of connectedness with someone, of bonding.”1 Intimacy in relation to family and education. American films , Commitment , Education 1020 Words | 3 Pages. Harnessing the Science of Persuasion Article Critique/Analysis. all of elementary Cialdini’s principles these techniques will only work if I am sincerely interested in the person that I’m interacting with. Humans are very skilled . at detecting apathy, so if I have to help me with homework fake it, it’s better to essay elementary not to try. Consistency/ Commitment I am a pretty witty, creative guy, as such I am fairly successful with the principle of liking/similarity as stated above. Wettbewerb! I honestly struggle with the principle of consistency.

Consistency, as discussed by Cialdini, describes influencing others. Commitment , Human , Humans 868 Words | 3 Pages. Teams increasingly matter to the performance of large organizations because of their flexibility, utility, and focus. The rarity of High-Performance teams . is due primarily to the difficulty in achieving and write expository essay elementary, sustaining a high level of personal commitment ; in other words a personal dedication to the concept of of essays in high school “one for all and all for write essay one”. Research Paper! This attribute is expository elementary, still contrary to obesity research survival precepts of most corporate polity.

High performance teams are where you find them not where your wish they’d be. Commitment , Leadership , Skill 1086 Words | 2 Pages. himself. “I thought it would be a breeze because its just a simple home workout,” he smirked. Expository Elementary! Little did he know, he was about to challenge himself harder . than ever before. This was only the beginning of his journey to essay understand what dedication and commitment truly meant. A.J. decided that we should meet at write expository essay his local gym which he attends daily.

I got there a little early and decided to check out the environment. Types School! Inside was a sizable room filled with machines and equipment built strictly for strength. Commitment , Exercise , Journey 968 Words | 3 Pages. Commitment First of expository essay elementary all I’m going to talk about what I think commitment is. The word . commitment can be described in different ways. Commitment can be a promise or an oath. Commitment can also be an engagement or involvement.

Many people think that the word commitment refers to a relationship or goal. These are correct but commitment means so much more. I feel that commitment is a choice to be constant with a certain goal. Of Essays In High School! I get my commitment with a support system to essay elementary keep. Commitment , Committed , Engagement 483 Words | 2 Pages. Demographic Factors Influencing Organizational Commitment. Organizational Behavior, BUS 5450 September 16, 2012 Organizational Commitment ii Abstract A great deal of research has . gone into determining which types of types of essays in high employees are more committed to their employers. The objective of this paper is to assess the demographic factors that influence organizational commitment and work habits. Specifically, this paper will focus on organizational and occupational commitment within the context of write expository essay elementary employee education. Obesity Research Thesis Statement! Based on write expository elementary the literature reviewed. Education , Employment , High school 1412 Words | 5 Pages.

What Is Organizational Commitment and Discuss Ways of foreign Managing It Effectively? What is organizational commitment and discuss ways of managing it effectively? There are hundreds of articles (Mathieu amp; Zajac, 1990) . Expository Elementary! related to essay on political socialization Organizational Commitment and multiple definitions. This paper reviews the different perspectives and examines how multiple views of organisational commitment could be integrated into elementary, businesses and me with my physics homework, what benefits would be achieved for expository essay elementary both the employee and about, employer. There are a number of views on how staff become committed to an organization and variant. Behavior , Management , Organization 2176 Words | 7 Pages. or bad, shows the commitment that one needs to finish any task that comes their way. Joe Davis was not the write essay greatest child growing up, but . Obesity Thesis Statement! what ever he did he stuck with it no matter what the consequences. Write Essay Elementary! He thought everything he did made him cool. Joe was very committed, committed to smoking, committed to his drugs and even committed to breaking the rules at school, which he had to finally drop out of.

Even though his actions were not the best he still showed his commitment to those actions. Change , Commitment , Committed 718 Words | 2 Pages. Organisational Commitment (Types, Job-Related Outcomes, Are Commited Employees More Valuable?) What is organisational commitment ? Explain the links between the various types of board organisational commitment and write essay elementary, job-related . outcomes. Are committed employees necessarily more valuable to organisations than less committed employees? There are various definitions for the concept of organizational commitment but they all agree that it refers to a psychological state, which can be described as the essay wettbewerb nrw 2012 bond or the attachment between an employee and their organization. McShane and expository, Travaglione (2007:119).

Change management , Employment , Organization 2211 Words | 7 Pages. Distinguish Between the Concepts of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment and research paper, Examine the write elementary Casual Relationship Between Them. Distinguish between the on political socialization concepts of write expository essay elementary job satisfaction and organizational commitment and examine the casual relationship between them. Employee . commitment gains a highly growing interest from researches. Ap Gov Essays! It is write expository essay elementary, considered that employee commitment has an influence on organization effectiveness. It has opportunity to forecast a diversity of ap gov essays organizational outcomes such as decreased turnover and absence from work, increased job performance and organizational citizenship behavior. It was shown in expository essay elementary several. Employment , Job satisfaction , Motivation 1945 Words | 6 Pages.

A Critical Review: Effects of Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange on Commitment. Exchange on me with Commitment Article by: Jean Lee (Leadership Organization Development Journal) It has been long proven and established that . leadership and success of an organization are proportional. The phenomenal growth of leader-member exchange (LMX) research aims to study the write diverse attributes of individuals in response to different leadership behaviors. In this regards, the author Jean Lee conducted a research linking the research paper thesis triangle relationship of Leadership ' LMX ' Commitment , wherein to. Capitalism , Charismatic authority , Classical liberalism 1179 Words | 4 Pages. The Significance of Commitment in the Development of Team Goals. These personal duties we have can be seen as commitments that we have made for our personal good. But I am committed to something much . stronger then a friendship or a work relationship we may have.

I am committed to a team, this personal commitment is an act of dedication and elementary, sacrifice that I have made to fourteen other guys, and to a basketball program that has a history of players with this same commitment . Just like a marriage is a commitment of two people for each other, we have that same. Commitment , Committed , Goal 890 Words | 2 Pages. out of the crowd. Foreign Thesis Homosexuality! I have my own sets of characters qualities that make special and unique from every creature on this Earth. I am special because I trust . myself. I believe in my abilities I always do what I commit. My determination, will and commitment towards my work are what make me special. I am special because I got 10 CGPA in Std X and aim for write expository elementary more this year.

There are many people who love me care and pray for me, wish for school my well being and expect me to rise to success surpassing all the. 2002 albums , 2009 singles , Commitment 475 Words | 2 Pages. The Impact of Personal Commitment Ot Service Excellence on Leader Effectiveness. The Impact of Personal Commitment to Service Excellence on Leader Effectiveness Lauren DiStefano Taylor University of expository essay Texas at Arlington . The Impact of Personal Commitment to Service Excellence on Leader Effectiveness In today’s highly competitive marketplace many firms broadcast their service excellence as a way to separate themselves from the competition. In service oriented industries, service excellence can be noted as being the number one most important factor to achieve success. . Commitment , Customer service , Employment 2808 Words | 8 Pages. employee commitment has declined. Member of both organizations no longer have any emotionally attachment or involvement in obesity research paper their organization. Elementary! . They simply become what Colquitt, Lepine and help, Wesson (2013) call “Continuance commitment ” or “Normative Commitment ”. Where member of both organization remain member due to cost and time associated with looking for a new employment, or simply because they don’t have any other choice at present moment. With the increase change in write expository essay elementary employee commitments , the cost. Behavior , Employment , Job satisfaction 829 Words | 4 Pages. individual may have a number of attitudes regarding different aspects of life, but the field of OB focuses only on the study of obesity paper job-related attitudes. OB . Elementary! specifically focuses on three attitudes: job satisfaction, job involvement and help my physics homework, organizational commitment Job satisfaction In the field of essay OB, job satisfaction is one of the most important and widely studied attitudes.

Job satisfaction refers to an individual's general attitude towards his or her job. It has been described by Edwin A. Locke as the. Emotion , Employment , Job satisfaction 1182 Words | 4 Pages. single 11/15.13 . Marriage is a lifetime commitment that many people enter into college board ap gov essays, with a specific set of hopes, expectations and dreams. Although lots of people are happy with their spouses for many years, others come to regret their decision and end up in divorce court within a few years of getting. Alimony , Annulment , Commitment 638 Words | 2 Pages. After the lesson, the students will be able to: share to the class about their traits and write, characteristics as part of their self-discovery. appreciate and . Research! respect themselves and other people's unique traits and characteristics. make a personal commitment on improving oneself. Essay Elementary! II.

Subject Matter (Knowing Oneself) Johari Window was named for its creators, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, is a useful tool in understanding our own selves which can help us live more effective lives. Paper Thesis Statement! The four. Better , Commitment , Identity 546 Words | 2 Pages. employees to expository essay elementary achieve balanced lives (Garcia-Zamor pp. 6). Companies want to obtain an employee who will bring creativity and personal talents to the work. . Foreign About Homosexuality! Therefore by incorporating spirituality at work, it can increase an employee’s morale and expository essay, commitment , and reduce stress and overworking. Both Employees and employers want to find meaning and purpose to what they are doing in the workplace by incorporating spirituality. “In most of today’s corporations, the central focus persists to school be on observable. Business ethics , Emotion , Employment 2090 Words | 7 Pages. MANAGEMENT Name: Tutor: Institution: Date of . Submission: Abstract Employee engagement is the emotional commitment an employee shows for the organization and essay, its goals (Kruse 2012). Help Me With! It can also be defined as the expository act of an employee being involved in, enthusiastic about and satisfied with his or her work (Seijts et al.

2006). An engaged employee is one who actually. Employment , Engagement , Exchange 1938 Words | 7 Pages. Critically evaluate the concept of organizational commitment and consider the difficulties involved in securing employee . commitment . College! INTRODUCTION: An organization is a social body consisting of a group of people who share a similar goal or work towards achieving a single goal. They are well structured and expository essay, managed in such a way so the goal can be reached most effectively and efficiently. Organizations are of various types. It can be private (led by an individual or a group of paper thesis statement people) or public (led.

At-will employment , Emotion , Employment 2987 Words | 9 Pages. Act Like a Lady, but Think Like a Man. considered highly influential and a reference for many, especially women. “Act Like a Lady, Think Like a Man” written by elementary Steve Harvey was an thesis about homosexuality, excellent read . from cover to cover. The title spoke volumes! This novel on relationships, intimacy, and commitment had a section everyone could relate to. There was so much helpful information on proper communication throughout the entire book; he lets you explore everything from write, a man’s point of view. From chapter to college ap gov essays chapter I found myself sitting in write elementary , seeing. Commitment , Gender , Man 810 Words | 2 Pages.

Employees’ Organizational Commitment and Their Perception of Supervisors’ Relations-Oriented and Task-Oriented Leadership Behaviors by . Barbara B. Brown Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in foreign about homosexuality partial fulfillment of the requirements for essay elementary the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in Human Development Albert Wiswell, Chair George Banks Gabriella Belli Letitia Combs Eric McCollum March 25, 2003 Falls Church, Virginia Keywords. Leadership , Management , Organizational commitment 31883 Words | 152 Pages. Discuss the Stowers V. Wolodzko Case Questions. have someone committed involuntarily? If not, what would the evidence have to prove? Why? Involuntary commitment or civil . commitment is a legal process through which an ap gov essays, individual with symptoms of essay severe mental illness is court-ordered into treatment in a hospital (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient). The criteria of board ap gov essays this commitment vary from state to expository elementary state in US. In these commitment proceedings there follow emergency hospitalization for the mentally ill person to stay in the hospital or. Civil law , Common law , Criminal law 1197 Words | 4 Pages.

“A study on obesity research the role of perceived organizational support and job satisfaction on organizational commitment with reference to employees in . Wellfit Auto Industries. Write Expository! “ Table Of Contents Introduction…………………………………………………….7-8 Company profile……………………………………………….9-10 Review of literature…………………………………………..11-18 Research Methodology……………………………………..19-22 Analysis…………………………………………………. 22-31 Findings, Suggestions amp; Conclusion……………………32-34 Bibliography……………………………………………….35 . Correlation and dependence , Employment , Job satisfaction 3895 Words | 15 Pages. Are Workers Who Are Happy More Productive Workers? Review and Discuss Evidence for and Against. their job positively’21. Other Influencing Factors on essay on political socialization Productivity Affective commitment is defined as a personal feeling that results out of . a happy state of the employees about expository elementary being a member of the essay socialization organization and feeling good about expository what it stands for. Employees that feel emotionally attached to the organization are intended to do their best to research paper support the organization and boost its outcomes. Affective commitment seems to expository essay take a great part in work performance. Indeed research done by Reid based. Emotion , Employment , Happiness 1881 Words | 6 Pages.

Themes Paper and essay socialization, Presentation that includes your selected theme, possible eras, authors, and an annotated bibliography with a minimum of six outside sources. . Submit your Proposal for Changing Themes Paper and Annotated Bibliography Make a commitment to your education. If you go into write expository essay elementary, school thinking of it like a big party, then that's exactly what you'll get out of thesis homosexuality it. And you more than likely won't last the four years. Write Elementary! A lot of money is being spent on your education, so you need to commit yourself. Annotated bibliography , Annotation , Bibliography 411 Words | 2 Pages. marriage, jobs, and friendships. Board Ap Gov! However, if we consider the meaning of free, without cost of any kind to anyone at write expository elementary any time--past, present or future, it . would be hard to college ap gov find anything that is free. Every aspect of essay life carries some sort of commitment . Thesis Homosexuality! Freedom is not free. In order for this great country of ours to possess freedom that it offers, countless numbers of men and women have paid a high price to make it so.

In order for us to go about freely in this great country, we have to follow. 2009 albums , Cleanliness , Commitment 644 Words | 2 Pages. understanding, enthusiastic.Influencing or changing other people's attitudes or opinions by expressing a viewpoint with assurance, certainty and conviction. . Using appropriate interpersonal styles and communication methods to gain acceptance and build commitment to ideas, proposals or plans.Example: Persuading, influencing, convincing, negotiating, impressing, collaborating, reasoning.Being adaptable and able to write expository essay elementary handle a variety of situations and demands; modifying one's approach as the foreign about homosexuality requirements of. Commitment , Competence , Four stages of competence 581 Words | 2 Pages. helping your client to get back on track. Values of counselling and psychotherapy Values inform principals. They represent the write expository important way of . expressing a general ethical commitment that becomes more precisely defined and action-orientated when expressed as a principal. At all times counsellors must show a commitment to: Respecting human rights and dignity Protecting the safety of clients Insuring the college integrity of expository essay practitioner/client relationships Enhancing the help me with my physics quality of professional. Commitment , Ethics , Fox Life 2478 Words | 9 Pages. Anuptaphobia- Fear of Staying Single. afraid of being married to the wrong person.

A person may be able to offer some level of write expository commitment but will continue to look for the ideal man . or woman to come along. Some are always looking for the “right” person even if that person is right in front of them. No one will ever be good enough to commit to. The person would usually be hesitant because the of essays in high school fear drives him/her to worry about making commitments with the write essay wrong person. Many people hope and plan for the day when they find the college board essays perfect. Anxiety , Commitment , Fear 440 Words | 2 Pages. much of his time for close supervision and control to ensure that the job is properly done.

He seems that he will show no involvement in teams needs and . motivation, as providing people with punishment and reward is essay elementary, not quite enough. The employees’ commitment will also be lower, then that of with transformational leadership style. As to the drawback of the Isabella’s transformational leadership style, I can mention that she can become very much dependable on wettbewerb nrw 2012 the intellectual capabilities of her subordinates. Decentralization , Employment , Leadership 2540 Words | 7 Pages. Problem Areas Reasons for Drop in Performance The unreasonable demands in the key account of Clark, Burton, and expository essay, Bowers Company. College Ap Gov Essays! . The lack of information of competitors The chaos of the new service and product lack of commitment to the company lower price competitors Promotion Process in to stagnant, and leading to important positions being held by employees in write the maintenance phase Below Performance Attributions Organizational Chart for OTPD Work/family Conflict . Commitment , Communication , Competition 349 Words | 2 Pages. Organizational Socialization and Job Satisfaction.

expansion. The Relationship between Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction The relationship between organizational . commitment and job satisfaction has a very strong desire to have goals and values of the organization, a desire to belong to the organization and a willingness to display effort on behalf of the organization. A similar definition of essay on political socialization commitment emphasizes the importance of behavior in creating it. Salancik (1977) conceives commitment as a state of being in which an individual becomes. At-will employment , Employment , Management 1510 Words | 4 Pages. | |A.) Accountability |B M E . | |Accepts responsibility for own actions and decisions and demonstrates commitment to accomplish work in an ethical, efficient and | | |cost-effective manner. | . 360-degree feedback , Commitment , Human resource management 1095 Words | 9 Pages.

5 6 . Alan Harpham, 2012. “The Spirit of Project Management” , Gower Publishing, Ltd., 01?Aug?2012 ? Business Economics Rego and Cungha, 2007. Expository Essay Elementary! “Workplace spirituality and organizational commitment : an empirical study” – Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 21 No 1, 2008 7 Kent Rhodes EDD, 2006. Types School! “Six Components of a Model for Workplace Spirituality”. Graziadio Business Review [online], Volume 9. Commitment , Employment , Management 2783 Words | 12 Pages. this agency is comprehensive and embraced by all members of the Leadership Team, who, in turn, exemplify by write expository example our CORE BELIEFS and VALUES. It is our . COMMITMENT STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES We, as members of the Leadership Team of the foreign about Clinton County Board of MRDD, Nike Center, are committed to excellence. We demonstrate this commitment by write our services to all individuals, families, staff members, providers, board members and the taxpaying public and by exceeding their expectations; reflecting. Business terms , Commitment , Customer 368 Words | 2 Pages. demonstrate and observe the similarities and differences among the types of essays in high school students in the classroom * Openly discuss diversity in the classroom * Create a . personal commitment statement addressing how she or he will treat others with respect Materials Needed: * Handout for expository elementary students with discussion questions and essays, personal commitment statement guidelines Procedures: # minutes | | 5 | Start the class by splitting the students into new family groups for the unit | 5 | Explain the rules. Commitment , Julie Anne Peters , Luna 4343 Words | 16 Pages.

mind encompassing my idea of commitment . The base denotes the maximum level of physical, intellectual participative commitment , . while the write elementary apex tapers towards more sublime, emotional and spiritual level of commitment . At the foundation of the research paper thesis pyramid lies the very reason of expository our existence- The Earth, and the entity which sustains life on Earth- Nature. First and college board ap gov, foremost, we all are obliged to write expository be committed to our planet, and obesity thesis statement, it has to be a fully participative commitment because without it, life, as. 21st century , Commitment , Existence 609 Words | 2 Pages. Job Satisfaction in Organizational Psychology. motivation for success and looses interest in the commitment to essay the organization; results of failure in organization socialization (Jex, 2008). . Job satisfaction comes from understanding the importance in commitment of the organization. Organizational socialization impacts the satisfaction and college board ap gov, well being of the individual. The impact the expository essay elementary individual leaves on the company’s success is the foreign thesis homosexuality result of the job satisfaction of the organizations member. Commitment is the key of the organization. Motivation is. Employment , Hawthorne effect , Occupational safety and health 1537 Words | 5 Pages. What Are the Main Ingredients to Arelationships.

having a great relationship. Stability in a relationship that means not to break down the relationship and to understand each other for a long . lasting time. Ultimately we want to be in write a committed relationship. You have to of essays in high have commitment as well. Commitment is a part of write expository essay elementary stability cause if you are not committed there is of essays, no stability then it probably will just be a short time relationship. When one or both are not able to take the next step and commit so that you have stability, then that. 2009 singles , Commitment , Respect 702 Words | 2 Pages. Case Study: Organizational Behavior. greatly compromised their commitments to the company. Write Expository! I infer that UBS has yet to reduce the essay high turnover especially of its senior staffs, and . they have to improve the job satisfaction level of their employees. Write! High turnover might cause company to incur unnecessary cost (Shehan, Tom) and essay, it may also cause other problems such as corrosion of the company’s culture and lost in confidence of the remaining staffs. | The Three-Component Model of Organizational Commitment | Herzberg’s Motivator-Hygiene.

Employment , Factor analysis , Financial services 1318 Words | 4 Pages. organization. The organization goals were not in sync with the goals of the workers. Thus employee disengagement was further decreasing the annual incomes . and write expository essay elementary, earnings. ? Organization commitment Though the employees were given competitive wages but there was no affective commitment and normative commitment of employees for their organization. The workers were not able to foresee any opportunities for their career growth within the organization. ? Lack of wettbewerb nrw 2012 industrial knowledge of employees. Employment , Household income in the United States , Major 1098 Words | 6 Pages.

?Definition Organizational commitment may be viewed as an organizational member's psychological attachment to the organization. Organizational . commitment plays a very large role in determining whether a member will stay with the organization and zealously work towards organizational goals. Theory A prominent theory in organizational commitment is the three-component model (TCM). Essay! The model argues that organizational commitment has three distinctive components: 1. Affective commitment is your emotional attachment. 2006 singles , 2009 singles , Attachment theory 579 Words | 2 Pages.

growth, which will in return reduce the turnover rate and absenteeism at my physics the same time. Having considered the write essay variations in employee discretion and . managerial behaviour,we will now look at the evidence on employee attitude affecting organisational commitment and employee satisfaction.employee satisfaction with the essay nrw 2012 sense of achievement they derive from their job varies. “my work gives me a sense of achievement (78%)”, “I wish I had more time to expository produce better quality work (70%)”, “I wish my job gave. At-will employment , Employment , Job satisfaction 1746 Words | 5 Pages.